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Illkirch-Graffenstaden, France

Martinez-Zapien D.,University of Strasbourg | Delsuc M.-A.,University of Strasbourg | Trave G.,Equipe Oncoproteines | Lutzing R.,University of Strasbourg | And 2 more authors.
Protein Expression and Purification

Gene activation by retinoic acid nuclear receptors (RAR) is regulated by a number of molecular events such as ligand binding, interaction with cognate DNA sequences and co-regulatory proteins, and phosphorylation. Among the several phosphorylation sites that are involved in the non-genomic regulatory pathways of the RAR, two are located in a proline rich domain (PRD) within the N-terminal domain (NTD) of the receptor. This region is predicted to be intrinsically disordered, complicating its production and purification. We present here an approach enabling the high yield production of RAR fragments encompassing the PRD and the DNA binding domain (DBD). We found that expression levels were dependent on where the position of the N-terminal boundary of the fragment was placed within the RAR sequence. The purification protocol involves the use of maltose binding protein as a solubilising tag and extensive centrifugation steps at critical points of the purification process. This protocol is suitable to express 15N, 13C labeled proteins enabling nuclear magnetic resonance studies. The resulting proteins were characterized by biophysical methods including Small Angle X-ray Scattering and NMR. These studies showed that PRD extension of RARγ is disordered in solution, a state that is compatible with modifications such as phosphorylation. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Brenner A.K.,University of Bergen | Kieffer B.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Trave G.,Equipe Oncoproteines | Froystein N.A.,University of Bergen | Raae A.J.,University of Bergen
Journal of Biomolecular NMR

Spectrin is a rod-like multi-modular protein that is mainly composed of triple-helical repeats. These repeats show very similar 3D-structures but variable conformational and thermodynamical stabilities, which may be of great importance for the flexibility and dynamic behaviour of spectrin in the cell. For instance, repeat 17 (R17) of the chicken brain spectrin a-chain is four times less stable than neighbouring repeat 16 (R16) in terms of δG. The structure of spectrin repeats has mainly been investigated by X-ray crystallography, but the structures of a few repeats, e.g. R16, have also been determined by NMR spectroscopy. Here, we undertook a detailed characterization of the neighbouring R17 by NMR spectroscopy. We assigned most backbone resonances and observed NOE restraints, relaxation values and coupling constants that all indicated that the fold of R17 is highly similar to that of R16, in agreement with previous X-ray analysis of a tandem repeat of the two domains. However, 15N heteronuclear NMR spectra measured at different temperatures revealed particular features of the R17 domain that might contribute to its lower stability. Conformational exchange appeared to alter the linker connecting R17 to R16 as well as the BC-loop in close proximity. In addition, heat-induced splitting was observed for backbone resonances of a few spatially related residues including V99 of helix C, which in R16 is replaced by the larger hydrophobic tryptophan residue that is relatively conserved among other spectrin repeats. These data support the view that the substitution of tryptophan by valine at this position may contribute to the lower stability of R17. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Charbonnier S.,Equipe Oncoproteines | Nomine Y.,Equipe Oncoproteines | Ramirez J.,University of Strasbourg | Luck K.,Equipe Oncoproteines | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Molecular Biology

PDZ domains are protein interaction domains that are found in cytoplasmic proteins involved in signaling pathways and subcellular transport. Their roles in the control of cell growth, cell polarity, and cell adhesion in response to cell contact render this family of proteins targets during the development of cancer. Targeting of these network hubs by the oncoprotein E6 of "high-risk" human papillomaviruses (HPVs) serves to effect the efficient disruption of cellular processes. Using NMR, we have solved the three-dimensional solution structure of an extended construct of the second PDZ domain of MAGI-1 (MAGI-1 PDZ1) alone and bound to a peptide derived from the C-terminus of HPV16 E6, and we have characterized the changes in backbone dynamics and hydrogen bonding that occur upon binding. The binding event induces quenching of high-frequency motions in the C-terminal tail of the PDZ domain, which contacts the peptide upstream of the canonical X-[T/S]-X-[L/V] binding motif. Mutations designed in the C-terminal flanking region of the PDZ domain resulted in a significant decrease in binding affinity for E6 peptides. This detailed analysis supports the notion of a global response of the PDZ domain to the binding event, with effects propagated to distal sites, and reveals unexpected roles for the sequences flanking the canonical PDZ domain boundaries. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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