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Touzeau C.,University of Nantes | Dousset C.,University of Nantes | Bodet L.,University of Nantes | Bodet L.,Equipe Labellisee Ligue 2008 | And 8 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2011

Purpose: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is considered to be incurable. ABT-737 is a BH3 mimetic that targets Bcl-2, which is overexpressed in MCL and implicated in drug resistance. The present work investigated the antitumor effect of ABT-737. Experimental Design: Six MCL cell lines and primary MCL cells (n = 13) were used. Sensitivity to ABT- 737 was assessed, and expression levels of Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 were analyzed. Finally, ABT-737 was combined with other cytotoxic agents to promote tailored therapy. Results: MINO and GRANTA-519 cell lines were highly sensitive to ABT-737 [the median lethal dose (LD 50) = 20 and 80 nmol/L, respectively], whereas other cell lines were resistant. In primary MCL cells, 46% of patients' samples were sensitive to ABT-737. The analysis of protein expression levels revealed that both sensitive cell lines and primary MCL cells could be characterized by a Bcl-2 high/Mcl- 1 low profile, whereas resistant MCL cells contained high levels of Mcl-1. ABT-737 induced a rapid disruption of both Bcl- 2/Bax and Bcl-2/Bik complexes. In addition, silencing of Mcl-1 by siRNA sensitized MCL cell lines to ABT-737. Similarly, flavopiridol, which induces Mcl-1 downregulation, in combination with ABT-737 led to a synergistic anti-MCL effect in ABT-737-resistant cell lines. This synergy was also observed when ABT-737 was combined with either bortezomib or cytarabine. Conclusions: The present work shows that ABT-737 induces strong apoptosis in MCL cells expressing a Bcl-2 high/Mcl-1 low profile. In ABT-737-resistant MCL cells, downregulation of Mcl-1 overcomes Mcl-1-induced resistance and synergizes ABT-737 effects. Our results strongly support the use of ABT- 737 according to the Bcl-2/Mcl-1 tumor cell profiles in the treatment of MCL. ©2011 AACR.

Dacheux E.,University of Lyon | Dacheux E.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Dacheux E.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Dacheux E.,Equipe Labellisee LIGUE 2008 | And 24 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

BRCA1 (Breast Cancer 1) has been implicated in a number of cellular processes, including transcription regulation, DNA damage repair and protein ubiquitination. We previously demonstrated that BRCA1 interacts with PABP1 (Poly(A)-Binding Protein 1) and that BRCA1 modulates protein synthesis through this interaction. To identify the mRNAs that are translationally regulated by BRCA1, we used a microarray analysis of polysome-bound mRNAs in BRCA1-depleted and non-depleted MCF7 cells. Our findings show that BRCA1 modifies the translational efficiency of approximately 7% of the mRNAs expressed in these cells. Further analysis revealed that several processes contributing to cell surveillance such as cell cycle arrest, cell death, cellular growth and proliferation, DNA repair and gene expression, are largely enriched for the mRNAs whose translation is impacted by BRCA1. The BRCA1-dependent translation of these species of mRNAs therefore uncovers a novel mechanism through which BRCA1 exerts its onco-suppressive role. In addition, the BRCA1-dependent translation of mRNAs participating in unexpected functions such as cellular movement, nucleic acid metabolism or protein trafficking is indicative of novel functions for BRCA1. Finally, this study contributes to the identification of several markers associated with BRCA1 deficiency and to the discovery of new potential anti-neoplastic therapeutic targets. © 2013 Dacheux et al.

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