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Wilson E.A.,Equipe de Chimie Analytique des Molecules Bio Actives | Bindler F.,Equipe de Chimie Analytique des Molecules Bio Actives | Marchioni E.,Equipe de Chimie Analytique des Molecules Bio Actives | Bergaentzle M.,Equipe de Chimie Analytique des Molecules Bio Actives | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Separation Science | Year: 2012

Several SPE sorbents were investigated for the extraction of a group of chemically diverse isothiocyanates (ITCs). They included bonded silica, carbon-based, and polymer-based sorbents with various functional groups. Results showed large differences in the ability of these sorbents to simultaneously extract ITCs from standard solutions. Recovery rates were on average the highest with divinylbenzene (DVB) based polymeric sorbents, especially with a DVB/N-vinylpyrrolidone copolymer that had recovery rates ranging between 86.7 and 95.6%. These sorbents achieved the most balanced extraction efficiency between aliphatic and aromatic, polar, and nonpolar ITCs. With graphitized carbon, C18-bonded silica, and amide-containing sorbent, recovery levels were higher for the two least polar aromatic ITCs (benzyl ITC and phenylethyl ITC), whereas for the polar aliphatic ITCs levels were the lowest. The least retained one, was methyl ITC that is the most polar with recoveries between 0 and 31.5%. The presence of amide groups, especially in a polyamide sorbent, appeared to be particularly unsuitable for the extraction of aliphatic ITCs. A copolymer made up of DVB and N-vinylpyrrolidone was therefore shown to be the most suited for the extraction of both aliphatic and aromatic ITCs. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

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