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Saint-Clément-de-la-Place, France

Garat A.,Equipe dAccueil 4483 | Lino Cardenas C.L.,Equipe dAccueil 4483 | Lionet A.,Service de Nephrologie | Devos A.,Equipe dAccueil 4483 | And 7 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2011

Human type II inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH2) is a key enzyme in the purine nucleotide biosynthetic pathway and constitutes a pivotal biological target for immunosuppressant and antiviral drugs. Several Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNP) affecting the IMPDH2 gene sequence have been reported with potential functional relevance and could impact drugs response. We aimed to determine the frequency of three of these polymorphisms, namely g.3375C>T (Leu 263Phe), c.-95T>G and IVS7+10T>C, in Caucasians, Tunisians, Peruvians and Black Africans (Gabonese and Senegalese). The g.3375C>T and c.-95T>G polymorphisms are rare with a Minor Allele Frequency ≤1.0% in our populations, whereas the third variant, IVS7+10T>C, is more frequent and displays large interethnic variations, with an allelic frequency ranging from 14.6% in the French Caucasian population studied to less than 2% in Black African and Peruvian populations. This ethnic-related data might contribute to a better understanding of the variability in clinical outcome and/or dose adjustments of drugs that are IMPDH inhibitors such as mycophenolic acid. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Lino Cardenas C.L.,Equipe dAccueil 4483 | Devos A.,Equipe dAccueil 4483 | Toure A.,Center Antipoison Of Dakar Senegal | Garcia J.C.,Santa Maria Catholic University | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2012

The human Cytochrome P450 4A11 (CYP4A11) is a major x-hydroxylase involved in the regulation of blood pressure in the kidney through the conversion of arachidonic acid into 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE). Previous studies have reported a significant association between the 8590T>C genetic variant of CYP4A11 and hypertension. Interestingly, several population-based studies have reported ethnic differences in the prevalence of hypertension, with the highest prevalence in African populations. The aim of this work was to determine the frequency and inter-ethnic comparison of the CYP4A11 (8590T>C) functional polymorphism, in five new ethnic groups: European (99 French Caucasians), African (36 Gabonese and 50 Senegalese), South American (60 Peruvians) and North African (53 Tunisians) populations, using polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism and sequencing strategies. We confirmed that the CYP4A11 (8590T>C) functional polymorphism exhibits inter-ethnic frequency differences. Noteworthy, the highest 8590C allele frequency was observed in the Tunisian (30.2%), followed by Senegalese (20%) populations. In addition, the CC genotype was only found in the Gabonese and Tunisian populations (5.6% and 8.4%, respectively). These populations may be of major interest to help to clarify the linkage between hypertension and CYP4A11 (8590T>C) genotype in African populations. These findings provide data for further studies that investigate the potential association of CYP4A11 (8590T>C) variant with an incidence of hypertension genesis in respect of ethnicity. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

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