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Carson G.,Equamark Inc.
Hydrocarbon Engineering | Year: 2011

Gary Carson, Equamark, US, shared his views on collaboration and integration in the field of computer aided design and examines the ways in which it had benefited companies operating in the downstream sector. A Petrolinvest project for the Novi Sad oil refinery in Serbia demonstrated the benefits of integration and collaboration. The Petrolinvest project involved the addition of a light gasoline isomerization plant in the refinery that experienced significant destruction during the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia and underwent extensive reconstruction. Petrolinvest was able to achieve considerable improvements in accuracy with reduced design times before the completion of the project within a three month timeframe by selecting intelligent 3D modeling that collaborated with engineering analysis. Mech-Tech was another company that realized significant savings in time and expenses on a project undertaken for Spanish company, HPD Process Engineering by leveraging collaboration between design and engineering. Source


Carson G.,Equamark Inc.
Hydrocarbon Engineering | Year: 2011

There has been a trend toward three-dimensional (3D) for plant design, yet the vast majority involved still use two-dimensional (2D). With 3D considered superior to 2D by its users, there may be several underlying causes why 3D has not swept away the 2D given changes in communications, technology, society and the world economy. A discussion covers the various criteria that segments the plant design market; advantages of 2D; considerable advantage of 3D plant design programs over 2D; enterprise level 3D plant creation and management solutions; future of CAD; and case studies illustrating the successful application of 3D in one of the largest gas processing plants in South Africa and in the expansion of Sydney Ports Corp's container port facilities. Source


Carson G.,Equamark Inc.
Hydrocarbon Engineering | Year: 2011

A study by Elsevier© reported on an analysis of storage tank accidents using information collected from various sources. The Elsevier study examined the locations where storage tank accidents and failures were most common. The causes that were cited for these incidents include lightening, human error, poor maintenance, equipment failure, sabotage, crack and rupture, leak and line rupture, static electricity and open flames. According to the Elsevier report, the average property loss in the 10 largest storage tank damage incidents was valued at $ 114 million by 2002 rates. Tank software was used to address the task faster and easier, offering the capability for the design to be modified and quickly analysed. The natural period of sloshing was found to depend on the tank diameter and the liquid height, but is generally between 3-15 secs. Source


Carson G.,Equamark Inc.
Hydrocarbon Engineering | Year: 2010

Computer aided designing (CAD) and processes which has allowed Process and Instrument Diagrams (P&IDs) to become intelligent and allow easy information access to all is discussed. These P&IDs are useful and effective if they provide the desired levels of content quality and accuracy. The block flow diagram is a very simple diagram that condenses the whole process onto only a few sheets. Its aim is to show major processes and equipment Interconnecting process lines in block flow diagrams typically offer only generic key data, such as flow rates, commodities, temperatures and pressures. As CAD became more widely used across diverse industry sectors, larger engineering and engineering procurement and construction (EPC) firms began to move toward CAD for their 3D design work. P&IDs have always been unable and useful tools yet to has taken modern technology to release the true potential of this often overlooked document. Source


Carson G.,Equamark Inc.
Hydrocarbon Engineering | Year: 2010

Intergraph® CADWorx® Plant Design Suite, an AutoCAD based plant design solution, with its bidirectional links with Intergraph CAESAR II®, is the world's most widely used piping flexibility and analysis software. These links not only enable pipe stress engineers to import lines for analysis directly from the design model but also allow them to view the design model's associated pipes, steelwork and equipment within the analysis. PetroInvest chose Intergraph CADWorx for design and Intergraph CAESAR II for engineering analysis because of their ability to collaborate bidirectionally, and because they were easy to use and less expensive than other alternatives. Instituto Mexicano Del Petroleo (IMP), employed Intergraph CADWorx for plant design and Intergraph CAESAR II for pipe stress analysis. By using the 3D Model, IMP was able to produce deliverables such as plans, sections, automatic isometrics, sections and elevations and detail views, and extract accurate bills of materials. Source

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