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Nicosia, Cyprus

Vidali V.P.,Greek National Center For Scientific Research | Mitsopoulou K.P.,Greek National Center For Scientific Research | Mitsopoulou K.P.,Agricultural University of Athens | Dakanali M.,Agricultural University of Athens | And 6 more authors.
Organic Letters | Year: 2013

A novel skeletal rearrangement of bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-2,4,9-trione (16) to an unprecedented highly functionalized bicyclo[3.3.0]octane system (17), induced by an intramolecular Michael addition, is presented. This novel framework was found to be similarly active to hyperforin (1), against PC-3 cell lines. A mechanistic study was examined in detail, proposing a number of cascade transformations. Also, reactivity of the Δ7,10-double bond was examined under several conditions to explain the above results. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source


Savva I.,University of Cyprus | Odysseos A.D.,EPOS Iasis | Evaggelou L.,University of Cyprus | Marinica O.,Polytechnic University of Timisoara | And 4 more authors.
Biomacromolecules | Year: 2013

The fabrication of electrospun magnetoactive fibrous nanocomposite membranes based on the water-soluble and biocompatible poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), the biocompatible and biodegradable poly(l-lactide) (PLLA) and preformed oleic acid-coated magnetite nanoparticles (OA.Fe3O4) is reported. Visualization of the membranes by electron microscopy techniques reveals the presence of continuous fibers of approximately 2 μm in diameter, with the magnetic nanoparticles being evenly distributed within the fibers, retaining at the same time their nanosized diameters (∼5 nm). Thermal gravimetric analysis measurements suggest that the magnetic nanoparticles embedded within the polymer fibers affect favorably the thermal stability of the membranes. Moreover, assessment of their magnetic characteristics by vibrating sample magnetometry discloses tunable superparamagnetic behavior at ambient temperature. For the first time, the biocompatibility and biodegradability of PEO/PLLA and the tunable magnetic activity of the OA.Fe3O4 are combined in the same drug delivery system, with N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (acetaminophen) as a proof-of-concept pharmaceutical. Furthermore, their heating ability under alternating current (AC) magnetic field conditions is evaluated using frequency of 110 kHz and corresponding magnetic field strength of 25 mT (19.9 kA/m). Consequently, these magnetoactive fibrous nanocomposites exhibit promising characteristics for future exploitation in magnetothermally triggered drug delivery. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source


Vergnaud A.-C.,Imperial College London | Norat T.,Imperial College London | Romaguera D.,Imperial College London | Mouw T.,Imperial College London | And 55 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2012

Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption might prevent weight gain through their low energy density and high dietary fiber content. Objective: We assessed the association between the baseline consumption of fruit and vegetables and weight change in participants from 10 European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. Design: Diet was assessed at baseline in 373,803 participants by using country-specific validated questionnaires. Weight was measured at baseline and self-reported at follow-up in most centers. Associations between baseline fruit and vegetable intakes (per 100 g/d) and weight change (g/y) after a mean follow-up of 5 y were assessed by using linear mixed-models, with age, sex, total energy intake, and other potential confounders controlled for. Results: After exclusion of subjects with chronic diseases at baseline and subjects who were likely to misreport energy intakes, baseline fruit and vegetable intakes were not associated with weight change overall. However, baseline fruit and vegetable intakes were inversely associated with weight change in men and women who quit smoking during follow-up. We observed weak positive associations between vegetable intake and weight change in women who were overweight, were former smokers, or had high prudent dietary pattern scores and weak inverse associations between fruit intake and weight change in women who were >50 y of age, were of normal weight, were never smokers, or had low prudent dietary pattern scores. Conclusions: In this large study, higher baseline fruit and vegetable intakes, while maintaining total energy intakes constant, did not substantially influence midterm weight change overall but could help to reduce risk of weight gain in persons who stop smoking. The interactions observed in women deserve additional attention. © 2012 American Society for Nutrition. Source


Romaguera D.,Imperial College London | Norat T.,Imperial College London | Vergnaud A.-C.,Imperial College London | Mouw T.,Imperial College London | And 57 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2010

Background: There is an association between a greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet and a reduced risk of developing chronic diseases. However, it is not clear whether this dietary pattern may be protective also against the development of obesity. Objective: We assessed the association between the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP), prospective weight change, and the incidence of overweight or obesity. Design: We conducted a prospective cohort study [the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol Consumption, Cessation of Smoking, Eating Out of Home, and Obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project] in 373,803 individuals (103,455 men and 270,348 women; age range: 25-70 y) from 10 European countries. Anthropometric measurements were obtained at recruitment and after a median follow-up time of 5 y. The relative Mediterranean Diet Score (rMED; score range: 0-18) was used to assess adherence to the MDP according to the consumption of 9 dietary components that are characteristic of the Mediterranean diet. The association between the rMED and 5-y weight change was modeled through multiadjusted mixed-effects linear regression. Results: Individuals with a high adherence to the MDP according to the rMED (11-18 points) showed a 5-y weight change of -0.16 kg (95% CI: -0.24, -0.07 kg) and were 10% (95% CI: 4%, 18%) less likely to develop overweight or obesity than were individuals with a low adherence to the MDP (0-6 points). The low meat content of the Mediterranean diet seemed to account for most of its positive effect against weight gain. Conclusion: This study shows that promoting the MDP as a model of healthy eating may help to prevent weight gain and the development of obesity. © 2010 American Society for Nutrition. Source


Vergnaud A.-C.,Imperial College London | Norat T.,Imperial College London | Romaguera D.,Imperial College London | Mouw T.,Imperial College London | And 52 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2010

Background: Meat intake may be related to weight gain because of its high energy and fat content. Some observational studies have shown that meat consumption is positively associated with weight gain, but intervention studies have shown mixed results. Objective: Our objective was to assess the association between consumption of total meat, red meat, poultry, and processed meat and weight gain after 5 y of follow-up, on average, in the large European population who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Physical Activity, Nutrition, Alcohol, Cessation of Smoking, Eating Out of Home and Obesity (EPIC-PANACEA) project. Design: A total of 103,455 men and 270,348 women aged 25-70 y were recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 10 European countries. Diet was assessed at baseline with the use of country-specific validated questionnaires. A dietary calibration study was conducted in a representative subsample of the cohort. Weight and height were measured at baseline and self-reported at follow-up in most centers. Associations between energy from meat (kcal/d) and annual weight change (g/y) were assessed with the use of linear mixed models, controlled for age, sex, total energy intake, physical activity, dietary patterns, and other potential confounders. Results: Total meat consumption was positively associated with weight gain in men and women, in normal-weight and overweight subjects, and in smokers and nonsmokers. With adjustment for estimated energy intake, an increase in meat intake of 250 g/d (eg, one steak at ≈450 kcal) would lead to a 2-kg higher weight gain after 5 y (95% CI: 1.5, 2.7 kg). Positive associations were observed for red meat, poultry, and processed meat. Conclusion: Our results suggest that a decrease in meat consumption may improve weight management. © 2010 American Society for Nutrition. Source

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