Epithelial Pathobiology Research Unit

Atlanta, GA, United States

Epithelial Pathobiology Research Unit

Atlanta, GA, United States

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Samarin S.N.,Epithelial Pathobiology Research Unit | Koch S.,Epithelial Pathobiology Research Unit | Ivanov A.I.,University of Rochester | Parkos C.A.,Epithelial Pathobiology Research Unit | Nusrat A.,Epithelial Pathobiology Research Unit
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2010

Coronins, WD-repeat actin-binding proteins, are known to regulate cell motility by coordinating actin filament turnover in lamellipodia of migrating cell. Here we report a novel mechanism of Coronin 1C-mediated cell motility that involves regulation of cell-matrix adhesion. RNAi silencing of Coronin 1C in intestinal epithelial cells enhanced cell migration and modulated lamellipodia dynamics by increasing the persistence of lamellipodial protrusion. Coronin 1C-depleted cells showed increased cell-matrix adhesions and enhanced cell spreading compared to control cells, while over-expression of Coronin 1C antagonized cell adhesion and spreading. Enhanced cell-matrix adhesion of coronin-deficient cells correlated with hyperphosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and paxillin, and an increase in number of focal adhesions and their redistribution at the cell periphery. siRNA depletion of FAK in coronin-deficient cells rescued the effects of Coronin 1C depletion on motility, cell-matrix adhesion, and spreading. Thus, our findings provide the first evidence that Coronin 1C negatively regulates epithelial cell migration via FAK-mediated inhibition of cell-matrix adhesion. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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