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Carcaillon L.,University Paris - Sud | Plichart M.,University of Paris Descartes | Zureik M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Rouaud O.,CMMR CHU Dijon | And 10 more authors.
Alzheimer's and Dementia

Background The contribution of carotid atherosclerosis to incident dementia remains unclear. We examined the association between carotid plaques (CP) and common carotid intima media thickness (CCA-IMT) with incident dementia and its subtypes, and their added value for dementia risk prediction. Methods At baseline, 6025 dementia-free subjects aged 65-86 years underwent bilateral carotid ultrasonography measures of CP and plaque-free CCA-IMT. Subjects were followed-up over 7 years for the detection of dementia. Results After a mean 5.4 years of follow-up, 421 subjects developed dementia including 272 Alzheimer's disease and 83 vascular/mixed dementia (VaD). Only CP were independently related to VaD (HR2 sites with plaques = 1.92; 95% confidence interval or CI = 1.13-3.22) and improved VaD risk prediction (continuous Net Reclassification Index = 30.1%; 95%CI = 8.4-51.7) beyond known dementia risk factors. Accounting for stroke or competing risk by death marginally modified the results. Conclusion In older adults, CP are independent predictors of incident VaD and may improve VaD risk prediction. © 2015 The Alzheimer's Association. Source

Bert F.,Bichat Beaujon Biomedical Research Center | Larroque B.,Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit | Paugam-Burtz C.,Bichat Beaujon Biomedical Research Center | Paugam-Burtz C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 8 more authors.
Liver Transplantation

Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are a major cause of mortality in liver transplant recipients. The incidence, microbiology, and outcome of BSIs in the first year after liver transplantation were analyzed in 704 patients who underwent transplantation at a single center between 1997 and 2007. BSIs occurred in 205 (29.1%) of the 704 patients. Overall, 259 episodes were documented, and they resulted in an incidence rate of 36.8%. Of these episodes, 39.4%, 27.8%, 17%, and 15.8% occurred in the very early period (≤10 days after liver transplantation), the early period (days 11-30), the intermediate period (days 31-90), and the late period (days 91-365), respectively. The most frequent pathogens were Enterobacteriaceae members (41%), Staphylococcus aureus (19.8%), enterococci (13.1%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (8.8%), and yeasts (7.1%). The median time of onset ranged from 7 days for methicillin-resistant S. aureus to 25 days for Enterobacteriaceae. Mortality at 15 days after BSIs was 16.2%. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that patients with BSIs had a significantly higher 1-year mortality rate than those without BSIs (28.3% versus 16.6%, P < 0.001 with the log-rank test). When the time of BSI onset was considered, 1-year mortality was significantly associated with very early and early episodes (P < 0.001) but not with intermediate and late episodes (P = 0.47). In conclusion, BSIs are frequent and early complications after liver transplantation and are mostly caused by gram-negative bacilli. A BSI in the first posttransplant month is a significant predictor of 1-year survival. © 2010 AASLD. Source

Lahlou-Laforet K.,European Georges Pompidou Hospital | Ledru F.,Cardiac Rehabilitation Center | Niarra R.,Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit | Niarra R.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Affective Disorders

Prevalence of depression is high in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), and depressive mood is considered as a risk factor for major cardiovascular events and mortality in CHF patients. The validity of self-administered 21-item Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in CHF patients might be questioned. CHF actually shares overlapping symptoms with depression and such an overlap may overestimate the impact of depression on cardiac outcomes. We tested the convergent validity of the French version of BDI by reference to the interview-based Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) in a population of 73 patients participating in the multicenter French PANIC Cohort of 321 CHF patients. Both depression scores were associated with NYHA functional class and the number of previous hospitalizations related to CHF, but not with the other indexes of cardiac severity (left ventricular ejection fraction and 6-min-walk test). MADRS scores were also associated with gender and history of depression. A strong correlation was found between BDI and MADRS scores (rho=0.72; p<0.001). This correlation persisted after adjustment for gender, NYHA functional class, number of previous hospitalizations and history of depression (rho=0.68; p<0.001). Moreover, the z score difference between standardized BDI and standardized MADRS scores was associated with none of the sociodemographic or clinical characteristics of our population, except for the depression severity at MADRS. In particular, no overestimation or underestimation of self-assessed depression was found in case of more severe CHF. These findings suggest that the BDI is a reliable instrument to assess depression in CHF patients. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Majed B.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Majed B.,Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit | Arveiler D.,University of Strasbourg | Bingham A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 9 more authors.

Background and Purpose-To date, the association between depressive symptoms and the risk of cardiovascular diseases remains controversial. We investigated prospectively, within the same population, the time course of the association between baseline depressive symptoms and first stroke or coronary heart disease event. Methods-In the Prospective Epidemiological Study of Myocardial Infarction (PRIME) Study, a multicenter, observational, prospective cohort, 9601 men from France and Northern Ireland were surveyed for the occurrence of first coronary heart disease (n=647) and stroke events (n=136) over 10 years. At baseline, the fourth quartile of a 13-item modified Center for Epidemiological Studies questionnaire was used to define the presence of depressive symptoms. We sought the best time-dependent function to assess the association between depressive symptoms and outcomes. Thus, the hazard ratios were estimated by a Cox proportional hazard model after splitting the follow-up before and after 5 years of follow-up time periods. Results-Depressive symptoms at baseline were associated with coronary heart disease in the first 5 years of follow-up (hazard ratio, 1.43; 1.10-1.87) and with stroke in the second 5 years of follow up (hazard ratio, 1.96; 1.21-3.19) after adjustment for age, study centers, baseline socioeconomic factors, traditional vascular risk factors, and antidepressant treatment. The association was even stronger for ischemic stroke (n=108; hazard ratio, 2.48; 1.45-4.25). Conclusions-The current study suggests that in healthy, European, middle-aged men, baseline depressive symptoms are associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in the short-term, and for stroke in the long-term. © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc. Source

Mouterde G.,Montpellier University | Lukas C.,Montpellier University | Goupille P.,University of Tours | Goupille P.,CNRS Genetics, Immunotherapy, Chemistry & Cancer Laboratory | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Rheumatology

Objective: To compare the initial clinical, biological, and radiographic findings of early arthritis by positivity for rheumatoid factor (RF) and/or anticyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (anti-CCP), and to validate a patient profile based on this serologic information. Methods: The ESPOIR cohort comprises patients presenting synovitis of at least 2 joints for 6 weeks to 6 months. Patients underwent testing for IgM rheumatoid factor (IgM-RF) and anti-CCP2 antibodies and were divided into 4 groups: RF- and anti-CCP-(group 1), RF+ and anti-CCP-(group 2), RF- and anti-CCP+ (group 3), RF+ and anti-CCP+ (group 4). We compared the groups in terms of clinical, biological, and radiographic features (baseline scores and 6-month and 12-month progression). Results: Of the 813 recruited patients, 406 (50%) were in group 1, 91 (11.2%) in group 2, 34 (4.1%) in group 3, and 281 (34.6%) in group 4. Mean baseline erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were higher for anti-CCP+ groups (groups 3 and 4) than for other groups (p < 0.001), and van der Heijde-modified Sharp score for radiographs was higher for group 4 than for other groups (p < 0.001). Clinical presentation was not consistently associated with serologic profile. Radiographic progression at 1 year was higher for anti-CCP+ groups than other groups (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The phenotype of patients with early arthritis with or without anti-CCP and/or RF positivity did not correspond to a particular clinical presentation. However, baseline acute-phase reactants and short-term radiographic progression were high in patients with anti-CCP positivity, which may be associated with the inflammatory process and progressive disease in patients with early arthritis. Copyright © 2014. All rights reserved. Source

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