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Englewood Cliffs, NJ, United States
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Sirisoma N.,EpiCept Corporation | Pervin A.,EpiCept Corporation | Zhang H.,EpiCept Corporation | Jiang S.,EpiCept Corporation | And 8 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2010

As a continuation of our efforts to discover and develop apoptosis inducing N-methyl-4-(4-methoxyanilino)quinazolines as novel anticancer agents, we explored substitution at the 5-, 6-, 7-positions of the quinazoline and replacement of the quinazoline by other nitrogen-containing heterocycles. A small group at the 5-position was found to be well tolerated. At the 6-position a small group like an amino was preferred. Substitution at the 7-position was tolerated much less than at the 6-position. Replacing the carbon at the 8-position or both the 5- and 8-positions with nitrogen led to about 10-fold reductions in potency. Replacement of the quinazoline ring with a quinoline, a benzo[d][1,2,3]triazine, or an isoquinoline ring showed that the nitrogen at the 1-position is important for activity, while the carbon at the 2-position can be replaced by a nitrogen and the nitrogen at the 3-position can be replaced by a carbon. Through the SAR study, several 5- or 6-substituted analogs, such as 2a and 2c, were found to have potencies approaching that of lead compound N-(4-methoxyphenyl)-N,2-dimethylquinazolin-4-amine (1g, EP128495, MPC-6827, Azixa®). © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Kemnitzer W.,EpiCept Corporation | Sirisoma N.,EpiCept Corporation | Jiang S.,EpiCept Corporation | Kasibhatla S.,EpiCept Corporation | And 4 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2010

As a continuation of our studies of apoptosis inducing 9-oxo-9H-fluorene-1-carboxamides as potential anticancer agents, we explored modification of the 9-oxo-9H-fluorene ring. SAR studies showed that most changes to the 9-oxo-9H-fluorene ring were not well tolerated, except the 9H-fluorene (2b) and dibenzothiophene (2d) analogs, which were about twofold less active than the 9-oxo-9H-fluorene analog 2a. Significantly, introduction of substitutions at the 7-position of the 9-oxo-9H-fluorene ring led to compounds 5a-5c with improved activity. Compound 5a was found to have EC50 values of 0.15-0.29 μM against T47D, HCT116, and SNU398 cells, about fivefold more potent than the original lead 2a. As opposed to the original lead compound 2a, compounds 5a-5b were active in a tubulin inhibition assay, indicating a change of mechanism of action. The potent azido analog 5c could be utilized for target identification. © 2009.


Emamaullee J.A.,University of Alberta | Davis J.,University of Alberta | Pawlick R.,University of Alberta | Toso C.,University of Alberta | And 4 more authors.
Diabetes | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE - Costimulation blockade has emerged as a selective nontoxic maintenance therapy in transplantation. However, these drugs must be combined with other immunomodulatory agents to ensure long-term graft survival. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Recent work has demonstrated that caspase inhibitor therapy (EP1013) prevents engraftment phase islet loss and markedly reduces the islet mass required to reverse diabetes. The "danger" hypothesis suggests that reduction in graft apoptosis should reduce the threshold for immunosuppression and increase the possibility for tolerance induction. Thus, the impact of combination of EP1013 treatment with costimulation blockade (CTLA4-Ig) was investigated in this study. RESULTS - Islet allografts were completed in fully major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-mismatched mice (Balb/C to B6). When animals received vehicle or EP1013, there was no difference in graft survival. CTLA4-Ig resulted in prolonged graft survival in 40% of the animals, whereas EP1013+CLTA4-Ig resulted in a significant increase in graft survival (91% >180 days; P = 0.01). Ex vivo analysis revealed that animals receiving EP1013 or EP1013+CTLA4-Ig had a reduced frequency of alloreactive interferon (IFN)-γ-secreting T-cells and an increased frequency of intragraft Foxp3 + Treg cells. Alloantibody assays indicated that treatment with EP1013 or CTLA4-Ig prevented allosensitization. CONCLUSIONS - This study suggests that addition of caspase inhibitor therapy to costimulation blockade will improve clinical transplantation by minimizing immune stimulation and thus reduce the requirement for long-term immunosuppressive therapy. The approach also prevents allosensitization, which may be an important component of chronic graft loss in clinical transplantation. © 2010 by the American Diabetes Association.


As a continuation of our studies of apoptosis inducing 9-oxo-9H-fluorene-1-carboxamides as potential anticancer agents, we explored modification of the 9-oxo-9H-fluorene ring. SAR studies showed that most changes to the 9-oxo-9H-fluorene ring were not well tolerated, except the 9H-fluorene (2b) and dibenzothiophene (2d) analogs, which were about twofold less active than the 9-oxo-9H-fluorene analog 2a. Significantly, introduction of substitutions at the 7-position of the 9-oxo-9H-fluorene ring led to compounds 5a-5c with improved activity. Compound 5a was found to have EC(50) values of 0.15-0.29 microM against T47D, HCT116, and SNU398 cells, about fivefold more potent than the original lead 2a. As opposed to the original lead compound 2a, compounds 5a-5b were active in a tubulin inhibition assay, indicating a change of mechanism of action. The potent azido analog 5c could be utilized for target identification.


PubMed | EpiCept Corporation
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters | Year: 2010

As a continuation of our efforts to discover and develop apoptosis inducing N-methyl-4-(4-methoxyanilino)quinazolines as novel anticancer agents, we explored substitution at the 5-, 6-, 7-positions of the quinazoline and replacement of the quinazoline by other nitrogen-containing heterocycles. A small group at the 5-position was found to be well tolerated. At the 6-position a small group like an amino was preferred. Substitution at the 7-position was tolerated much less than at the 6-position. Replacing the carbon at the 8-position or both the 5- and 8-positions with nitrogen led to about 10-fold reductions in potency. Replacement of the quinazoline ring with a quinoline, a benzo[d][1,2,3]triazine, or an isoquinoline ring showed that the nitrogen at the 1-position is important for activity, while the carbon at the 2-position can be replaced by a nitrogen and the nitrogen at the 3-position can be replaced by a carbon. Through the SAR study, several 5- or 6-substituted analogs, such as 2a and 2c, were found to have potencies approaching that of lead compound N-(4-methoxyphenyl)-N,2-dimethylquinazolin-4-amine (1g, EP128495, MPC-6827, Azixa).


Trademark
EpiCept Corporation | Date: 2011-04-28

Topical analgesics.


Trademark
EpiCept Corporation | Date: 2010-04-08

Pharmaceutical preparation for the treatment of cancer.


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