Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH-2007-5.2-02 | Award Amount: 1.24M | Year: 2008
This research is a contribution to the comparative cultural sociology of contemporary European society. The aim of the research is to examine the role of festivals as sites of trans-national identifications and democratic debate. Analytically, the project objectives are to: (1) Explore how festivals use aesthetic forms to symbolize, represent and communicate social and political life (European, national, sub-national) from the perspective of different actors, including programme directors, funding promoters, performing artists and the audience. (2) Study the way in which festivals frame the discourse of identity in relation to arts with particular attention to the local / European and local / global interfaces as well as the conundrum of difference (diversity) and similarity. (3) Analyze how festivals represent sites of competition for access to resources, status and power and how this competition impacts on debates about representation, openness and the public sphere.
University Pierre, Marie Curie, French National Center for Scientific Research and EPHE Paris | Date: 2014-09-10
A method for preparing a synthetic material having an organic phase and a mineral phase which consists in preparing an initial acidic aqueous solution of collagen which is a precursor for the organic phase (I), and at least one aqueous solution of precursors for the mineral phase (II), and in precipitating the collagen by increasing the pH to a value of at least 7. The method includes the concentration of collagen in the acidic aqueous solution is at least 75 mg/ml and remains constant during said increase in pH. The mineral phase precursors have at least one calcium salt and at least one phosphate salt. The precipitation of the mineral phase (II) is carried out by bringing the mineral phase precursor solution into contact with the organic phase (I), the bringing into contact being carried out before or after the precipitation of the organic phase (I).
University of Paris Descartes, French National Center for Scientific Research, EPHE Paris and San Francisco State University | Date: 2016-01-20
Device for assisting crawling of an infant (2) on a training surface comprising:- a platform (1) comprising a chest supporting surface for supporting a chest of the infant (2) resting on the platform (1) in a prone position, and- rolling elements (9) rotatably mounted on the platform in such a way they can rotate 360 degrees (1) and arranged to be located between the platform (1) and the training surface,wherein the platform (1) is shaped so that, when the rolling elements (9) are in contact with the training surface, the chest supporting surface of the platform (1) is inclined relative to the training surface, so that the pelvis and the legs of the infant (2) are in contact with the training surface.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IRSES | Award Amount: 405.30K | Year: 2013
The NEWFORESTS exchange program brings together researchers from 5 research institutions: two from public research centres in Spain, Forest Sciences Centre of Catalonia (CTFC) and Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications (CREAF), one French institution, Bio-Archaeology and Ecology Centre (CBAE), and two Canadian Universities (University of Quebec in Montreal, UQAM, and in Abitibi-Tmiscamingue, UQAT) hosting two of the main hubs of the Centre for Forest Research (CEF). During three years, a total of 36 senior researchers will participate in the program with a total of 328 man-months including experienced and early stage researcher, technical and management staff from the different centres. The aim of this proposal is to create a competitive platform at the international level to analyse the responses of forest ecosystems to global changes and integrate current knowledge in sound and innovative forest management and planning approaches. The general objective of the program is to determine how to effectively integrate woodland management (including non-management options) into strategies aimed to adjust and mitigate global change. The program is organized in 5 thematic work packages ranging from the basic understanding of forests dynamics, biodiversity and functioning (WP 1 and 2) to research on interactions between global change drivers determining disturbances regimes (WP 3) and the integration of the gathered knowledge into advanced modelling tools (WP 4) and sound management guidelines at different spatial scales (WP 5). Finally, a project management WP (6) depicts the practical organisation and management of the project. A fundamental aspect of the program is that it stresses not only the responsibility of human society as a major driver of global change, but also recognizes that we have an opportunity to mitigate this change through informed, proper management decisions.
Paldi A.,EPHE Paris
Epigenomics | Year: 2013
The increasing popularity of stem cells in life science research has at least two major causes. On one hand, the study of stem cells may provide insights into one of the major secrets of biology: the mechanisms of cell differentiation. On the other hand, stem cells are potentially promising tools for regenerative therapy. The understanding of how environmental stimuli are translated into phenotypic differentiation through gene expression changes and how the same stimuli at the same time may perturb the normal process of cellular differentiation, growth and maintenance is a central issue for fundamental research but is also essential for the development of efficient and safe procedures for therapeutic use. This article assembles the known facts, as pieces of a puzzle, into a coherent picture around the idea of why stem cells are so sensitive to their culture environment and what practical consequences this implies. © 2013 Future Medicine Ltd.
Gerber S.,EPHE Paris
Biological Reviews | Year: 2016
Morphospaces are spatial depictions of morphological variation among biological forms that have become an integral part of the analytical toolkit of evolutionary biologists and palaeobiologists. Nevertheless, the term morphospace brings together a great variety of spaces with different geometries. In particular, many morphospaces lack the metric properties underlying the notions of distance and direction, which are, however, central to the analysis of morphological differences and evolutionary transitions. The problem is illustrated here with the iconic morphospace of coiled shells implemented by Raup 50years ago. The model, which allows the description of shell coiling geometry of various invertebrate taxa, is a seminal reference in theoretical morphology and morphospace theory, but also a morphometric framework frequently used in empirical studies, particularly of ammonoids. Because of the definition of its underlying parameters, Raup's morphospace does not possess a Euclidean structure and a meaningful interpretation of the spread and spacing of taxa within it is not guaranteed. Focusing on the region of the morphospace occupied by most ammonoids, I detail a landmark-based morphospace circumventing this problem and built from the same input measurements required for the calculation of Raup's parameters. From simulations and a reanalysis of Palaeozoic ammonoid shell disparity, the properties of these morphospaces are compared and their algebraic and geometric relationships highlighted. While Raup's model remains a valuable tool for describing ammonoid shells and relating their shapes to the coiling process, it is demonstrated that quantitative analyses of morphological patterns should be carried out within the landmark-based framework. Beyond this specific case, the increasing use and diversity of morphospaces in evolutionary morphology call for caution when interpreting patterns and comparing results drawn from different types of morphospaces. © 2016 Cambridge Philosophical Society.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IEF | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IEF | Award Amount: 194.05K | Year: 2014
The aim of the project is to define the circulation of knowledge within the sphere of material production conceived holistically, against the persistent modern habit of separating art and crafts. While always acknowledging the primacy of the full archaeological record, the researcher foregrounds the problem of locating ancient written and pictorial expression within that wider record to hear and see as well as touch materially the world of ancient producers; SHAPE is intended to establish a new model for overcoming another persistent disciplinary division, archaeology against philology. The combination of visual and written evidence building on the archaeological results obtained in my previous Marie Curie project EPOCHS is to be the anchor in assessing degrees of impact or influence of each craft on others in technology, technique, design. The transition phase Middle Bronze to Late Bronze Age (MBA-LBA) in Egypt (1900-1500 BC) is adopted as research-programme case-study on account of its exceptional significance for interregional archaeology, its full range of written and visual sources and paucity of substantive previous research program in the area.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IEF | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IEF | Award Amount: 194.05K | Year: 2014
The LanCRAM project aims at studying the geographical distribution and the economic, social and political impact of the properties of the Roman emperors in Asia Minor. These consisted of villas, landed estates, pastureland, woods, mines and quarries. This immense richness was a key element for the maintenance of the position of supreme power, since the emperor could use it to confer social status to individuals or to perform benefactions in favour of communities. Furthermore, imperial properties produced undeniable economic repercussions on the regions where they had a considerable extension. Since their owner was both the head of the empire and a global economic player, we can trace a tendency to trans-regional uniformity in the patterns of exploitation and a positive effect on the integration of rural areas in the political and economic system of the empire. No major survey of the available documentation has been produced since the beginning of the 20th century and many questions about the development and use of the properties remain unanswered. The project aims at filling this gap in three ways. (1) The development of a powerful online relational database of all published sources for the proposed area; every record will contain geodata and will be related to separate databases of all known persons (administrators, peasants etc.), regions and bibliographic references. (2) The preparation of a monograph on the geography and the economy of the imperial properties in Asia Minor from Augustus to Diocletian (27 BC-AD 284). This region is one of the best documented for the Roman period and offers a variety of geographical, cultural and administrative contexts that allow to study the subject from a multidisciplinary perspective; (3) the organisation of two workshops and an international conference together with experts of other regions in order to open the database to different areas of the empire and provide for the first time a general overview of the documentation.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IEF | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2009-IEF | Award Amount: 215.03K | Year: 2010
The main research objective is to analyse the figure of the envoy of the Greek city in the Hellenistic and Roman world (IV B.C. - III A.D.) and the effects of his activity. All typologies of people acting as envoys in all kinds of diplomatic missions will be taken into account and a complete database of all known envoys of the Greek cities will be prepared. A twofold perspective will guide the research. (i) The figure itself of the envoy will be analysed, with regard to the following aspects: social rank and economic position, political role in his own and/or in other communities, terms and extent of his mandate (with particular attention to his autonomy in making decisions on behalf of the appointing community), personal prestige and authoritativeness deriving from the accomplished missions, development of specific competences and expertise in the field of diplomacy. (ii) As a second point of view, the project will investigate the role of the city envoy in building and developing diplomatic relationships among the Greek cities and between them and the Hellenistic Kings, the Roman senate and the Emperor. The research will focus on the following aspects: relationships between the political elites of the cities, building of a diplomatic language and a shared international communication code, elaboration and implementation of rules and principles of international law. At the same time it will also show the changes in the international relationships of the cities when they were integrated in the Hellenistic Kindoms and, later, in the Roman provinces. The project aims at participating, with an original perspective, in the current debate on ancient diplomacy, interstate relationships and history of the law. It will fill a gap in the studies on the subject and also provide everyone interested in these themes, both for the Greco-Roman period and for more recent times, with a work that is a solid and concrete base for further studies.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: ERC-AG | Phase: ERC-AG-SH6 | Award Amount: 975.84K | Year: 2014
The RurLand project aims at the study of the rural Areas in the North-Eastern Gaul, since La Tne D1 period until the end of 5th century AD. Focused on the Roman period, it proposes to examine the evolution of the rural world with its protohistoric antecedents and its changes of late Antiquity, in a vast zone where recent research did not give place to syntheses. The basic assumption is that incorporation in the Roman Empire of the areas which compose Eastern Gaul, far from providing homogneity in their economic and social conditions, accentuated and accelerated processes of space differentiations already perceptible before the Conquest. Many areas fully benefitted from the contributions of Rome (town and country planning, economic consequences of the presence of the administration and the soldiers) to engage or continue at an intensive pace an economic development which can take however different forms according to the territories. But it is important as well to understand why other sectors remained away from this movement. Supported on a GIS, the project intends to integrate the approach of sources very different in their nature and their object, but complementary and seldom studied together: archaeological excavations, in particular those which result from the preventive archeology most recent, study of the various components of the rural estates of any nature, carpology, zoological material, pedological charts, air photographs, LIDAR datas, so as to promote a multiscalar approach to the areas considered, from the sites themselves to the territories. It is a question of understanding the spatial and historic dynamic of the rural world of this old time. From this point of view will be privileged windows of studies on scales which could be very different, according to the quality, the abundance and the nature of the information which they provide. The finished product will be the delivery of a monograph published and a system of online information.