Hubbell B.,U.S. Environmental Protection Agency |
Fox T.,U.S. Environmental Protection Agency |
Dimmick W.F.,EPAs Office of Research and Development |
Sheldon L.,EPAs Office of Research and Development
EM: Air and Waste Management Association's Magazine for Environmental Managers | Year: 2011
Exposure science is an important component to the setting, implementation, and communication of the NAAQS. However, more research is needed to better understand personal exposure, particularly the links between observed health effects, exposure to specific sources and emissions, and activity data. Improving multipollutant exposure science has been identified as particularly important, since we know that interactions between components in a mixture can change the mixture's toxicity and the resulting risk response. Improved information would allow a more refined review of the NAAQS, particularly in enhancing identification of vulnerable and susceptible populations. In the implementation of the NAAQS, it would help promote a MPRB approach that could assist policy-makers in developing more cost effective air quality management plans that maximize risk reduction while minimizing both societal costs and health inequality. Furthermore, improvements in exposure science would translate into enhanced public communication of the health effects of breathing polluted air, and the types of activities and environments that cause greater exposure to polluted air, and ultimately, result in more effective protection of public health and the environment. Copyright 2011 Air & Waste Management Association.
Kaufman A.,U.S. Environmental Protection Agency |
Brown A.,EPAs Office of Research and Development |
Barzyk T.,EPAs Office of Research and Development |
Williams R.,EPAs Office of Research and Development
EM: Air and Waste Management Association's Magazine for Environmental Managers | Year: 2014
A cache of resources is being developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to help interested parties become familiar with, and appropriately use, low-cost air quality sensors. The development of the Citizen Science Toolbox is filling a vital niche in helping to advance environmental air quality monitoring for a wide variety of purposes. © 2014 The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.