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Dusseldorf, Germany

Fraboulet I.,INERIS | Chahen L.,French Institute of Petroleum | Lestremau F.,INERIS | Grimstvedt A.,Sintef | And 3 more authors.
Energy Procedia | Year: 2016

Processes of post combustion CO2 capture using amine based solvents generate nitrogenous compounds. Among these products, carcinogenic nitrosamines are of great concern due the potential impacts on the environment and human health. Trace analysis of nitrosamines in simple matrices such as water is well described in standard methods [1]. However, measuring nitrosamines in CO2 capture processes emissions is much more challenging. Nitrosamines, formed to small concentrations as solvent degradation products, may indeed be present in solvent, wash waters, and atmospheric emissions which are more complicated to monitor. Within the FP7 OCTAVIUS project, 2 international round robins on the analysis of 9 nitrosamines in solvent matrices and the atmospheric emissions, from the EnBW CO2 capture pilot plant in Heilbronn (Germany) were organized. The first round robin test was performed on solvent matrices. The analytical methods of the laboratories involved were compared using synthetic spiked samples and liquid samples obtained from the pilot plant. The second round robin test was performed on atmospheric emissions collected using a sampling train with cold impingers filled in with sulphamic acid in water. Each laboratory was provided with two blind samples of the liquid mixture spiked at different levels of concentrations of nitrosamines. © 2016 The Authors.


Bazhenov S.,RAS Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis | Vasilevsky V.,RAS Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis | Rieder A.,EnBW | Unterberger S.,EnBW | And 4 more authors.
Energy Procedia | Year: 2014

Heat-stable salts (HSS) are well-known degradation products in the acid gas removal technologies with alkanolamines, especially in the post-combustion CO2 Capture processes. The traditionally applied HSS removal methods such as purging, filtration, distillation might be economically unattractive in the large scale post-combustion plant case. Electrodialysis could be an alternative method for solvent reclaiming with removal of electrically charged amine degradation products. This work presents the results of electrodialysis reclaiming concept tested under real operation conditions during pilot campaign at Heilbronn post combustion CO2 Capture pilot plant. The HSS removal results and some process specific parameters are presented. © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.


Bazhenov S.,RAS Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis | Rieder A.,EnBW | Schallert B.,EON Technologies GmbH | Vasilevsky V.,RAS Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control | Year: 2015

A study of the behavior of heat stable salts (HSS) during electrodialysis (ED) reclaiming of monoethanolamine solvent (30. wt.% MEA) is reported in detail. Degraded lean MEA samples with a loading of approx. 0.2. mol/mol were taken from the solvent loop of post-combustion capture (PCC) pilot plant after 400, 535 and 972. h of operation at real conditions. The specially designed conventional pilot ED unit equipped with cation-exchanged membranes and anion-exchanged membranes was used. Before and after ED reclaiming, all streams were analyzed for specific solvent components. A quite uniform removal of all analyzed HSS anions (except for nitrate ions) during the ED treatment prevents accumulation of any specific undesirable compound in the solvent loop. Visual inspection of the ion-exchange membranes revealed the deposition on the membrane surface having reddish-brown color. It was experimentally confirmed that such deposition did not noticeable affect on membrane performance in ED process. Furthermore, it was demonstrated on the laboratory level that selected membranes possess a good long-term stability after being contacted with fresh and degraded MEA for approx. 2 years. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: NFRP-15-2014 | Award Amount: 621.06K | Year: 2015

SNETP, the Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform, was confirmed in 2013 as one of the ECs officially recognised European Technology Platforms, the only one in the nuclear fission sector. The SPRINT project aims at supporting SNETP in its roadmapping, networking, dissemination and communication activities. The essential purpose of the SPRINT proposal, in particular, is to support SNETP in the elaboration and wide adoption and use of its strategic roadmaps, as well as in strengthening its visibility and interactions with its members and external stakeholders. The project sets out four specific objectives: ensuring an inclusive and efficient process for producing strategic roadmaps; improving the value proposal of SNETP for the fission R&D community in Europe; confirming SNETP as a key player within the international energy technology landscape; and enhancing the visibility and dialogue of SNETP towards a wider audience. Focusing on value creation and visibility for the Platform, SPRINT will pursue some of the activities initialised through the Euratom FP7 SNETP-Office and SMILE projects. SPRINT will support the platform, groups and members, with the development and dissemination of main strategic documents (i.a., the Deployment Strategy and the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda). SPRINT will also strengthen and improve the interactions between its pillars/activities and will increase SNETPs interactions with stakeholders (EU institutions and initiatives, international agencies, other platforms). Finally, SPRINT will propose new added value services to its members and will strengthen SNETP visibility by participating in major international events and updating its communication tools.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: EeB.NMP.2011-2 | Award Amount: 9.10M | Year: 2011

Residential buildings represent 60% of the building stock and the area where most of the potential to drastically reduce energy use and CO2 emissions lies. New directives push for deep retrofitting efforts, in order to achieve energy efficiency and RES adoption targets for 2020 and beyond. These require acting both on envelope and on energy use systems, mainly heating and DHW equipment that representing 51% of energy use in this sector. Frequently the upgrade of the envelope insulation is subject to constraints (i.e. historical centres, availability of space, need to relocate the tenants, costs and time issues) and acting on the heating plant is the only viable option. Currently solutions are not always suitable or cost effective in existing buildings (radiators, DHW, solar radiation in winter). Therefore to accelerate the improvement in energy efficiency and in the use of renewable energy in the residential building, a specifically designed solution needs to be made available. HEAT4U is an Industry led project whose main objective is to develop a Gas Absorption Heat Pump (GAHP) solution with efficiency on primary energy of 165% (EN12309) to allow a cost-effective use of renewable energy in existing residential building for heating and DHW services. The project is conceived to overcome a number of technological and non-technological barriers which currently prevent GAHP application in single family houses or small multi-storey buildings. HEAT4U main objectives are: -i) Development of Appliance with specifications suitable for the residential market (10 25 kW); ii) integration of the technology in existing heating and DHW architectures; iii) Development of a decision support system, enabling the optimal design in different building operating conditions; iv) Dissemination activity to promote the awareness of the benefits of the GAHP technology. The results will be demonstrated in 5 real cases

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