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Dollard-Des Ormeaux, Canada

Coscelli E.,University of Parma | Poli F.,University of Parma | Alkeskjold T.T.,NKT Photonics A S | Salin F.,EOlite Systems Inc. | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Lightwave Technology | Year: 2012

Yb-doped double-cladding photonic crystal fibers have become key components for power scaling in fiber laser systems, by providing many advantages, especially an ultra large effective area. The single-mode regime, which is a mandatory requirement for high quality laser beams, can be obtained in such large core active fibers only through a careful design. In this paper the cut-off properties of 19-cell photonic crystal fibers have been thoroughly investigated with the avoided-crossing approach, in order to find guidelines for the design of single-mode fibers. The air-hole diameter and the core refractive index have been changed, as well as the number of air-hole rings in the fiber inner cladding. Simulation results have shown that, regardless of the air-hole ring number, the guided-mode cut-off properties are strongly influenced by the main design parameters, especially by the core refractive index. In particular, a wider single-mode wavelength range can be obtained in 19-cell fibers with small air-holes and low core refractive index. Moreover, double-cladding photonic crystal fibers with larger inner-cladding provide better guided-mode cut-off properties, which can have positive effects on the amplification process in practical applications. © 2012 IEEE.

Poli F.,University of Parma | Coscelli E.,University of Parma | Cucinotta A.,University of Parma | Selleri S.,University of Parma | Salin F.,EOlite Systems Inc.
IEEE Photonics Technology Letters | Year: 2014

Thermal effects are currently appointed as the main bottleneck to power scaling of fiber lasers. In this letter, the single-mode properties of Yb-doped rod-type photonic crystal fibers with reduced symmetry in the inner cladding under severe heat load have been analyzed. Three fibers with different cross-sectional geometry have been compared by calculating the single-mode regime and effective area with a full-vector modal solver based on the finite-element method, properly combined with a thermal model to include the effects of fiber heating on the guiding properties. Results have demonstrated that, with an optimized cross-sectional design, it is possible to obtain single-mode propagation for a coupled pump power up to 200 W, while keeping the effective area ~2400μm2. © 1989-2012 IEEE.

EOlite Systems Inc. | Date: 2014-03-31

An apparatus includes a pulse conditioner and an amplifier. The pulse conditioner configured modifies a temporal intensity profile of an input laser pulse, thereby creating a conditioned laser pulse having conditioned temporal intensity profile with a misfit parameter, M, of less than 0.13, where: where |(t)|2 represents the pulse temporal intensity profile of the conditioned laser pulse and |Pfit(t)|2 represents a parabolic fit of the conditioned laser pulse. The amplifier increases the power of the conditioned laser pulse creating an amplified laser pulse. In a method a temporal intensity profile of an input laser pulse having a pulse duration of at least 1 ps is modified to create a conditioned laser pulse, which is amplified to create an amplified laser pulse, which is temporally compressed to generate a compressed laser pulse having a compressed pulse duration less than the input pulse duration.

The invention relates to an optical amplifier system for amplifying laser pulses, including a solid amplifying medium capable of receiving a beam of laser pulses to be amplified and generating a beam of amplified laser pulses, and a means of reducing the energy stored in said optical amplifying medium by means of optical pumping. According to the invention, said reducing means includes a continuous resonant cavity and a first optical separation means capable of sepaarating continuous resonant cavity into a common portion and a low arm, the common portion including an optical amplifying medium and the loss arm inlcuding an optical loss means, said optical separation means being capable of selectively directing a beam of pulses outside the optical path of said loss arm of the continuous resonant cavity, and of directing a continuous bean toward said loss arm of the continuous resonant cavity.

Benoit A.,University of Limoges | Benoit A.,EOlite Systems Inc. | Dauliat R.,Institute of Photonic Technology | Jamier R.,University of Limoges | And 5 more authors.
Optics Letters | Year: 2014

We report here on the first experimental demonstration, to the best of our knowledge, of a new generation of very large mode area (VLMA) fibers intended to strengthen single-mode propagation. The originality of this work relies on an aperiodicity of the inner cladding microstructuration exacerbating the spatial rejection of higher-order-modes (HOMs) while preserving a significant confinement of the fundamental mode. The single-mode behavior was demonstrated using an optical low-coherence interferometry measurement based on the group-velocity dispersion. As suggested through a preliminary numerical approach, this outstanding characteristic/behavior is evidenced over a large spectral range spanning from 1 to 2 μm for a core diameter of 60 μm. Core scalability was also investigated. © 2014 Optical Society of America.

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