Antolini G.,Environmental Protection Agency of Emilia Romagna HydroMeteoClimate Service ARPA SIMC Bologna Italy |
Auteri L.,University of Bologna |
Pavan V.,Environmental Protection Agency of Emilia Romagna HydroMeteoClimate Service ARPA SIMC Bologna Italy |
Tomei F.,Environmental Protection Agency of Emilia Romagna HydroMeteoClimate Service ARPA SIMC Bologna Italy |
And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Climatology | Year: 2015
A daily high-resolution gridded climatic data set is presented for Emilia-Romagna, Italy, covering the period 1961-2010. Time series of precipitation and temperatures, from 254 and 60 locations, respectively, were first checked for quality, temporal homogeneity and synchronicity, then interpolated on a grid. For temperature, a daily best-performing detrending procedure was used, followed by the interpolation of regression residuals by means of a modified inverse distance scheme, accounting for orographic barriers. Elevation, urban fraction and topographic position are the geographical proxy parameters used for detrending. The same scheme, without detrending, was used for daily precipitation. All data were spatially interpolated on a high-resolution digital elevation model, and then averaged on a triangulated irregular grid with variable resolution depending on topography. Interpolation determined average errors between 1.0 and 1.5 °C, with higher values for minimum temperatures, in winter and for years prior to 2000. Precipitation is on average underestimated, up to 25% for intense and heavy precipitation in the summer semester. Multiple detrending improves minimum temperature estimation, while the modified distance scheme reduces interpolation errors for temperature and precipitation. The data set is mainly addressed to users and applications requiring time-averaged temperature and precipitation fields. Its main limitations concern precipitation underestimation, winter minimum temperature unexplained variance, unresolved pattern scales, station density and undetected asynchronicities. The data set shows a significant increase in mean annual temperatures all over the region, with trend values up to 0.5 °Cdecade-1. An average, locally significant, decrease in annual precipitation is also detectable, mostly over the western mountains (-100mmdecade-1), while significant increases are identified in some areas close to the Po River Delta. Local spatial patterns may, however, be susceptible to large errors, especially in low trend areas. © 2015 Royal Meteorological Society.