PubMed | d Environmental Health Directorate, University of Western Australia and University of Tasmania
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of environmental health research | Year: 2016
The Australian Aboriginal population experiences significantly poorer health than the non-Aboriginal population. The contribution of environmental risk factors in remote communities to this health disparity is poorly understood.To describe and quantify major environmental risk factors and associated health outcomes in remote Aboriginal communities in Western Australia.The association between environmental health indicators, community infrastructure and reported health outcomes was analysed using linear and logistic regression of survey data.Housing/overcrowding was significantly associated with increased reports of hearing/eyesight (OR 3.01 95% CI 1.58-5.73), skin (OR 2.71 95% CI 1.31-5.60), gastrointestinal (OR 3.51 95% CI 1.49-8.26) and flu/colds (OR 2.47 95% CI 1.27-4.78) as health concerns. Dust was significantly associated with hearing/eyesight (OR 3.16 95% CI 1.82-5.48), asthma/respiratory (OR 2.48 95% CI 1.43-4.29) and flu/colds (OR 3.31 95% CI 1.88-5.86) as health concerns.Poor environmental health is prevalent in remote Aboriginal communities and requires further delineation to inform environmental health policy.