Styles T.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
Przysiecki P.,Environmental and Occupational Health Assessment Program |
Archambault G.,Environmental and Occupational Health Assessment Program |
Toal B.,Environmental and Occupational Health Assessment Program |
Magri J.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health | Year: 2015
Storm-related carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning outbreaks occurred in Connecticut in 2011 and 2012, despite efforts to improve public messaging. We describe the cases and incidents and identify possible preventive interventions. We defined cases as blood carboxyhemoglobin ≥9.0% among persons exposed to alternative power or heat sources because of storm-related losses. We identified 133 cases, including 3 deaths, in 2011 and 30 in 2012, associated with 72 and 11 incidents, respectively. Racial/ethnic minorities were overrepresented (60% of 2011 patients; 48% in 2012), compared with Connecticut's minority population (29%). Generator or charcoal misuse (83% in 2011; 100% in 2012) caused the majority of incidents. Few CO-source operators recalled media or product CO warnings. Incorrect generator and charcoal use, racial/ethnic disparities, and incomplete penetration of warning messages characterized both outbreaks. A multifaceted approach is needed to decrease postdisaster CO poisonings. © 2015, TAF. All rights reserved.
Foscue K.,Environmental and Occupational Health Assessment Program |
Harvey M.,Environmental and Occupational Health Assessment Program
Journal of Environmental Health | Year: 2011
A large population of children and adults is potentially exposed to indoor environmental quality (IEQ) hazards in schools. Those with asthma are particularly at risk because IEQ-related hazards in school buildings can trigger asthma episodes. A multiagency consortium created and led by the Connecticut Department of Public Health has successfully implemented and continues to sustain the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (U.S. EPA's) Tools for Schools (TfS) program in the majority of Connecticut public schools. TfS is an action kit and program promoting a low-cost, problem-solving team approach to preventing IEQ hazards or improving IEQ. One key to the consortium's success is the array of services it provides to schools, including aggressive outreach and specialized training and consultation. The consortium is also a platform for launching other school IEQ initiatives. The authors present and analyze the consortium model and their efforts at evaluating the impact of TfS in Connecticut.