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Kananont N.,Environment and Plant Physiology Research Unit | Kananont N.,Chulalongkorn University | Pichyangkura R.,Chulalongkorn University | Chanprame S.,Kasetsart University | And 4 more authors.
Scientia Horticulturae | Year: 2010

The effects of different types of chitosan on seed germination and protocorm development were determined for two orchid species, Dendrobium bigibbum var. compactum and Dendrobium formosum. Six chitosan types derived from polymer or oligomer chitosan each with 70, 80 or 90% levels of deacetylation (P70, P80, P90, O70, O80 and O90, respectively), were evaluated as direct medium supplements at 0, 10, 20, 40 or 80 mg/L in modified VW medium by following seed germination and protocorm growth for 12 weeks. Chitosan of all six tested types and four concentrations were found to significantly enhance the proportion of D. formosum seeds that germinated, when compared to these germinated without chitosan. In contrast, chitosan caused no enhanced germination rate was noted for D. bigibbum var. compactum with all tested chitosans and doses tested. However, almost all types of chitosan at 10 mg/L, except O90, were able to significantly improve the growth of D. bigibbum var. compactum protocorms, whilst 10 or 20 mg/L of P70 chitosan was the best formula to enhance the growth of D. formosum protocorms. It is concluded that chitosan responses in seed germination and protocorm development were somewhat species and developmental stage dependent. Therefore, the appropriate chitosan application for each plant species should be evaluated first before use. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Pornpienpakdee P.,Environment and Plant Physiology Research Unit | Pornpienpakdee P.,Chulalongkorn University | Singhasurasak R.,Environment and Plant Physiology Research Unit | Singhasurasak R.,Chulalongkorn University | And 9 more authors.
Scientia Horticulturae | Year: 2010

The appropriate chitosan types and concentrations for enhancing the in vitro micropropagation of Dendrobium 'Eiskul' were studied using 70, 80 and 90% N-deacetylated polymeric (P-70, P-80 and P-90) and oligomeric (O-70, O-80 and O-90) forms of crab (Portunus pelagicus) chitosan. For the initial protocorm-like body (PLB) multiplication, the application of 10 mg/L of P-70 or 20 mg/L of P-90 was optimal, although 10 mg/L of P-80 and O-70 were also effective, and attained maximal PLB replication rates without increasing the detectable levels of somaclonal variation. However, during PLB-shoot induction, 10 or 20 mg/L of O-80 was the most appropriate chitosan and also induced further PLB formation. For plantlet regeneration, the addition of 10 mg/L of O-80 or P-80 gave the best quantity and quality, respectively, of plantlets. Finally, 20 mg/L of P-70 chitosan as a supplement during exflasking enhanced both the survival rate and the growth of the plantlets at one month after exflasking. Together, these data reveal a potentially beneficial and applicable protocol for commercial orchid micropropagation. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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