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Enugu, Nigeria

The Enugu State University of Science and Technology was founded in 1979 by Chief Jim Nwobodo as the Anambra State University of Science and Technology Enugu. It was the first ever state owned university in Nigeria. It was conceived with three campuses at Awka, Abakaliki, and Enugu. It had the first state funded Teaching hospital in Nnewi.Following the creation of Enugu State in 1991, the University took its present name. A large project by the Government of Enugu state to relocate the University has been underway in recent years. Early in 2006, the permanent site of the University in Ebeano City, with ultramodern facilities, became home to the first group of students and faculty to relocate from its temporary site.However, the hostels are still under construction following the recent transition of government It contains few number of faculties i.e.Faculty of MedicineFaculty of Social scienceFaculty of EducationFaculty of Natural scienceFaculty of Engineering among others;Current Pro-Chancellor - David OgbodoCurrent Vice-Chancellor - Professor Cyprian OnyejiRegistrar - Barrister Chris IgbokweBursar - Aloysius Chukwuemeka OkaforUniversity Librarian - George Igwebuike Wikipedia.

Anikwe M.A.N.,Enugu State University of Science and Technology
Carbon Balance and Management | Year: 2010

Background: Changes in agricultural practices-notably changes in crop varieties, application of fertilizer and manure, rotation and tillage practices-influence how much and at what rate carbon is stored in, or released from, soils. Quantification of the impacts of land use on carbon stocks in sub-Saharan Africa is challenging because of the spatial heterogeneity of soil, climate, management conditions, and due to the lack of data on soil carbon pools of most common agroecosystems. This paper provides data on soil carbon stocks that were collected at 10 sites in southeastern Nigeria to characterize the impact of soil management practices.Results: The highest carbon stocks, 7906-9510 gC m-2, were found at the sites representing natural forest, artificial forest and artificial grassland ecosystems. Continuously cropped and conventionally tilled soils had about 70% lower carbon stock (1978-2822 gC m-2). Thus, the soil carbon stock in a 45-year old Gmelina forest was 8987 gC m-2, whereas the parts of this forest, that were cleared and continuously cultivated for 15 years, had 75% lower carbon stock (1978 gC m-2). The carbon stock of continuously cropped and conventionally tilled soils was also 25% lower than the carbon stock of the soil cultivated by use of conservation tillage.Conclusion: Introducing conservation tillage practices may reduce the loss of soil carbon stocks associated with land conversion. However, the positive effect of conservation tillage is not comparable to the negative effect of land conversion, and may not result in significant accumulation of carbon in southeastern Nigeria soils. © 2010 Anikwe; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

George-Okafor U.O.,Enugu State University of Science and Technology | Mike-Anosike E.E.,Tansian University
Research Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2012

The production of most bacterial proteases has always been with expensive refined substrates which tend to increase the production cost. Hence, a low-cost substrates and culture conditions capable of optimizing protease production by an isolated Bacillus sp. were studied. Bacillus sp. SW-2 which demonstrated the highest protease activity was selected and used for protease production by shake-flask fermentation technique at 180 rpm. The maximum protease yield for 72 h (2.697±0.19 IU mL-1) was achieved under optimized culture conditions of pH 9.0, temperature of 45°C and 5% inoculums density with soy meal (1%) and sugar cane bagasse (1%) as nitrogen and carbon sources of the fermentation medium. The protease yield obtained from using the cheap substrates at 72 h incubation was significantly (p>0.05) higher than that obtained from expensive substrates. The protease achieved >85.7±0.08% hydrolytic activities on the tested nitrogen wastes with soybean waste being the mostly hydrolyzed (96.3±0.13%). This result indicated the use of soy meal and sugar cane bagasse as rich substrates for maximum protease yield and the enzyme hydrolytic activity on nitrogen wastes suggests its application in environmental waste degradation. © 2012 Academic Journals Inc. Source

Ozoko D.C.,Enugu State University of Science and Technology
Journal of Environmental Hydrology | Year: 2012

Geochemical and microbial studies were carried out on surface and groundwater from the Abakaliki shales, Enugu, Nigeria. The study involved a total of twenty-five samples, which were analyzed to determine major ion concentrations and coliform status. Results of the analyses show that the pH of the waters range from 6.8 to 8.4 with most values clustering around 7.0 (neutral). Values of total dissolved solids concentration range from 827.8 to 1334 mg/l which suggest brackish water. High values of dissolved oxygen indicated strong oxidizing conditions in the regolith aquifer. The interpretation of ionic concentrations suggests that the chemistry of the ground water in the aquifer is established initially by the composition of ancient connate water trapped in the sediments. As the aquifer becomes increasingly recharged by rainwater there is a corresponding dilution plus the incipience of important reactions like natural softening and pyrite oxidation. The origin of the connate water is most probably marine. Microbial studies revealed that all the waters are heavily polluted with respect to coliform bacteria. The presence of specific pathogens like Salmonella spp, E. Coli and Pseudomonas spp in some of the samples suggest that the water supply of Abakaliki City should never be used without thorough treatment. Source

Ezeh C.C.,Enugu State University of Science and Technology
International Journal of Physical Sciences | Year: 2011

Three hundred and twenty two vertical electrical soundings (VES) have been used to evaluate the hydraulic properties of aquifers in Enugu State, Southeastern Nigeria. The project domain lies within longitudes 7° 6' E to 7° 54'E and latitudes 5° 56'N to 6 °52'N, and covers an area of about 7161 km2 over eight main geological formations. The thickness, lateral extent and resistivity of the aquiferous layers were determined by the electrical survey. Also, zones of high yield potentials were inferred from the resistivity information. Transmissivity values were inferred using the empirical relationship between hydraulic conductivity and formation factor. Results show highly variable thickness of the main aquifer in the study area. Aggregate longitudinal conductance indicates greater depth of the substratum in the central part of the area, underlain by the Ajali and Nsukka Formations. High values of transmissivity, specific yield and moderate porosity also predominate, thus suggesting thick and prolific aquiferous zone. Lower average values of these parameters were obtained in southwestern and eastern parts underlain by the Imo and Ezeaku/ AwguNdeaboh/ Nkporo Formations, with the eastern part recording the lowest values, except porosity with the highest estimated average value. Maps of various geoelectrical and hydraulic parameters have been produced and the overall results can serve as a useful guide in planning a drilling program in the study area. © 2011 Academic Journals. Source

Eze C.S.,Enugu State University of Science and Technology
Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences | Year: 2015

Antifungal evaluation of the rhizome, stem and leaf extracts of Anchomanes difformis (Blume) Engl on post-harvest rot fungi of root and tuber crops in Nigeria at different concentrations were investigated. The rot fungi screened were Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat; Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc; Fusarium solani (Mart) Sacc; Rhizopus stolonifer (Ehren ex.Fr.) Lind, Aspergillus niger van Tiegh and Pénicillium oxalicum Currie and Thiam. Results showed that all the extracts at different concentrations of 100 mg/mL, 80 mg/mL, 60 mg/mL, 40 mg/ mL and 20 mg/mL inhibited mycelial growth of the test fungi. Growth inhibition of these root and tuber rot fungi increased with increasing concentrations of each extract. The extracts of rhizome showed more inhibitory potency followed by the leaf extracts on all the six test fungi than the stem extracts. The significance of these results on the storage of root and tubers crops was discussed. © Global Science Publications. Source

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