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Oviedo, Spain

Nogueira L.,Molecular Genetics Unit | Ruiz-Ontanon P.,Molecular Genetics Unit | Vazquez-Barquero A.,Service of Neurosurgery | Moris F.,Entrechem | Fernandez-Luna J.L.,Molecular Genetics Unit
Oncotarget | Year: 2011

Cancer initiating cells have been described to be the only cell population with tumorigenic capacity in glioblastoma multiforme, one of the most aggressive and untreatable cancers. Recent work from our group described that NFκB pathway was activated in glioblastoma initiating cells undergoing differentiation, and that blockade of this activation promoted senescence of differentiating cells. NFκB activation in cancer may be the result of either exposure to proinflammatory stimuli in the tumor microenvironment or upregulation of the signaling pathway by upstream regulators. Appropriate control of NFκB activity, which can be achieved by gene modification or pharmacological strategies, would provide a potential approach for the management of NFκB related tumors, including glioblastoma. Here, we summarize the current knowledge of the relevance of NFκB in cancer and its possible role as a target of therapeutic intervention. © Nogueira et al. Source


Gonzalez-Sabin J.,Entrechem | Rios-Lombardia N.,Entrechem | Gotor V.,University of Oviedo | Moris F.,Entrechem
Tetrahedron Asymmetry | Year: 2013

Chemoenzymatic syntheses of both enantiomers of cis- and trans-2-aminocyclopentanol as well as cis- and trans-2-aminocyclohexanol, which are valuable building blocks for a plethora of ligands and pharmaceuticals have been efficiently carried out. The strategy involves the stereospecific syntheses of racemic aminocycloalkanol precursors via tagging of a phthalimide as a masking group and subsequent lipase-catalyzed kinetic resolution. Most of the lipases exhibited excellent enantioselectivity (E ≠200) in the transesterification reactions of trans-derivatives, with both N-protected (R,R)-amino acetates and (S,S)-amino alcohols being isolated in enantiopure form. With regard to cis-derivatives, lipases were also very selective, even though the biotransformations were significantly slower. Source


Vizcaino C.,Institute Biologia Molecular Of Barcelona | Nunez L.-E.,Entrechem | Moris F.,Entrechem | Portugal J.,Institute Biologia Molecular Of Barcelona
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Ovarian cancer has a poor prognosis due to intrinsic or acquired resistance to some cytotoxic drugs, raising the interest in new DNA-binding agents such as mithramycin analogues as potential chemotherapeutic agents in gynecological cancer. Using a genome-wide approach, we have analyzed gene expression in A2780 human ovarian carcinoma cells treated with the novel mithramycin analogue DIG-MSK (demycarosyl-3D-β-D-digitoxosyl-mithramycin SK) that binds to C+G-rich DNA sequences. Nanomolar concentrations of DIG-MSK abrogated the expression of genes involved in a variety of cell processes including transcription regulation and tumor development, which resulted in cell death. Some of those genes have been associated with cell proliferation and poor prognosis in ovarian cancer. Sp1 transcription factor regulated most of the genes that were down-regulated by the drug, as well as the up-regulation of other genes mainly involved in response to cell stress. The effect of DIG-MSK in the control of gene expression by other transcription factors was also explored. Some of them, such as CREB, E2F and EGR1, also recognize C/G-rich regions in gene promoters, which encompass potential DIG-MSK binding sites. DIG-MSK affected several biological processes and molecular functions related to transcription and its cellular regulation in A2780 cells, including transcription factor activity. This new compound might be a promising drug for the treatment of ovarian cancer. © 2014 Vizcaíno et al. Source

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