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Seibersdorf, Australia

Schlager S.,Leibniz Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops | Schlager S.,Humboldt University of Berlin | Ulrichs C.,Humboldt University of Berlin | Srinivasan R.,Entomology Unit | And 4 more authors.
Gesunde Pflanzen | Year: 2012

The larvae of the legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), cause severe damage on economically important legume crops in the tropics. The female moth produces volatile components to attract males for mating. The so-called sex pheromones are species-specific multi-component blends and are used as lures in crop protection for pest monitoring. Their chemical identification and ratios is critical to design efficient lures. The following sex pheromone components for M. vitrata have been described: (E, E)-10,12-hexadecadienal (major compound), (E, E)-10,12-hexadecadienol and (E)-10-hexadecenal (minor components). The ratio of 100:5:5 of these components was the most attractive in trapping experiments in Benin, Africa. According to this ratio, a synthetic pheromone lure was developed for commercial use. But the commercially available blend was not attractive in field trapping experiments in other regions of sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia. These findings lead to the conclusion that there is a possible polymorphism in the blend composition of the M. vitrata sex pheromone among populations from different geographical regions. In Taiwan, M. vitrata moths were never caught efficiently by the commercially available pheromone lures and traps. This paper reports trap and lure optimization experiments for effective trapping of Taiwanese M. vitrata moths in different leguminous crops. © 012 Springer-Verlag.


Segura D.F.,Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria | Segura D.F.,Entomology Unit | Segura D.F.,CONICET | Vera M.T.,CONICET | And 4 more authors.
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society | Year: 2011

Reproductive isolation among populations of Anastrepha fraterculus has been found acting at the pre- and post-zygotic levels. Differences in timing of sexual activity and male sexual pheromone composition among populations could partially account for prezygotic isolation. Hybrid males were found to produce a novel pheromone, which is a mix of parental pheromones. In the present study, we found that the hybrid females showed a significant preference to mate with hybrid males than with parental males. Male location during pheromone emission is associated with its reproductive success and, thus, differences in the location of males during courtship could also play a role in isolation. We found evidence that reproductive isolation is also related to the location of males during courtship. Hybrid male behaviour regarding location during pheromone release was found to be influenced by the maternal lineage. If these populations hybridized in the field, the hybrid females would tend to mate with hybrid males probably leading to the formation of a new entity within the A. fraterculus complex. This simple and fast process could be one reason explaining the high number of taxonomic entities within this complex. Further studies on other members of the fraterculus species group may reveal whether this can be considered as an example of homoploid hybrid speciation. © 2011 The Linnean Society of London.

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