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Gaillimh, Ireland

Eisenberg T.,Landesbetrieb Hessisches Landeslabor | Kaampfer P.,Justus Liebig Universitaat Giessen | Ewers C.,Justus Liebig Universitaat Giessen | Semmler T.,Robert Koch Institute | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology | Year: 2016

A pleomorphic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, indole-, oxidase- and catalase-negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacterium was originally isolated in 1992 from moribund, seawater farmed Atlantic salmon with multifocal tissue necrosis. Strain AVG 2115T displayed considerable similarities with Streptobacillus moniliformis, one of the two etiological agents of rat bite fever, and has been stored as Streptobacillus sp. NCIMB 703044T. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses, this strain displayed >99 % sequence similarities with uncultured bacterial clones from the digestive tracts of marine mammals, followed by Sneathia sanguinegens CCUG 41628T (92.7 %), ‘Sneathia amnii’ Sn35 (92.5 %), Caviibacter abscessus CCUG 39713T (92.2 %), Streptobacillus ratti OGS16T (91.3 %), Streptobacillus notomytis AHL 370-1T (91.2 %), S. moniliformis DSM 12112T (91.0 %), Streptobacillus felis 131000547T (90.9 %) and Streptobacillus hongkongensis DSM 26322T (89.7 %). Sequence similarities to all other taxa were below 89 %. Phylogenetic analysis for strain NCIMB 703044T revealed highly similar results for gyrB, groEL and recA nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence analyses independent of the employed treeing method. Average nucleotide identities (ANI) for complete genomes ranged from 66.00 % to 72.08 % between strain NCIMB 703044T and the type strains of Sebaldella termitidis, Leptotrichia buccalis, Streptobacillus moniliformis, Sneathia sanguinegens and Caviibacter abscessus. Chemotaxonomic and physiological data of strain NCIMB 703044t were in congruence with closely related members of the family Leptotrichiaceae, represented by highly similar enzyme profiles and fatty acid patterns. MALDI-TOF MS analysis was capable to clearly discriminate strain NCIMB 703044T from all currently described taxa of the family Leptotrichiaceae. On the basis of these data we propose the novel taxon Oceanivirga salmonicida gen. nov. sp. nov. with the type strain AVG 2115T (=NCIMB 703044T) (=DSM 101867T). The G+C content is 25.4 %, genome size is 1.77 Mbp. © 2016 IUMS. Source


Wang N.,Tyndall National Institute | O'Donnell T.,Enterprise Ireland | O'Mathuna C.,Tyndall National Institute
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2013

Thin-film Si-integrated inductors with closed cores have different magnetic field distributions in the winding window space compared to the inductors with unclosed cores. One-dimensional methods are no longer applicable for these inductors to calculate the ac resistance. Based on the analysis of the magnetic field distribution of the devices, a 2-D field solution was developed, which leads to an improved 2-D method to calculate the ac resistance of the device. High accuracy of this new approach has been verified by finite-element analysis, while 1-D methods can lead to significant errors. © 2012 IEEE. Source


Poe III B.G.,University of Minnesota | Duffy C.F.,University of Minnesota | Duffy C.F.,Enterprise Ireland | Greminger M.A.,University of Minnesota | And 3 more authors.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry | Year: 2010

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations have been associated with disease and aging. Since each cell has thousands of mtDNA copies, clustered into nucleoids of five to ten mtDNA molecules each, determining the effects of a given mtDNA mutation and their connection with disease phenotype is not straightforward. It has been postulated that heteroplasmy (coexistence of mutated and wild-type DNA) follows simple probability rules dictated by the random distribution of mtDNA molecules at the nucleoid level. This model has been used to explain how mutation levels correlate with the onset of disease phenotype and loss of cellular function. Nonetheless, experimental evidence of heteroplasmy at the nucleoid level is scarce. Here, we report a new method to determine heteroplasmy of individual mitochondrial particles containing one or more nucleoids. The method uses capillary cytometry with laser-induced fluorescence detection to detect individual mitochondrial particles stained with PicoGreen, which makes it possible to quantify the mtDNA copy number of each particle. After detection, one or more particles are collected into polymerase chain reaction (PCR) wells and then subjected to real-time multiplexed PCR amplification. This PCR strategy is suitable to obtain the relative abundance of mutated and wild-type mtDNA. The results obtained here indicate that individual mitochondrial particles and nucleoids contained within these particles are not heteroplasmic. The results presented here suggest that current models of mtDNA segregation and distribution (i.e., heteroplasmic nucleoids) need further consideration. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source


Meere R.,Athlone Institute of Technology | Wang N.,Tyndall National Institute | O'Donnell T.,Enterprise Ireland | Kulkarni S.,Tyndall National Institute | And 2 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics | Year: 2011

What is the future of integrated inductor design on silicon for power conversion applications at frequencies up to 100 MHzis it magnetic-core or air-core inductors. This study presents measured results for two microfabricated inductors (magnetic core and air core), which have been designed to operate at 20 MHz and occupy a substrate area of less than 10 mm2. The inductor technology and design are briefly discussed. An optimized inductor design study is, then, presented. Both magnetic-core and air-core inductor designs are compared and evaluated, in terms of inductance and efficiency per unit area for frequencies up to 100 MHz. The design of the microinductors is discussed and an analytical design optimization program is used to model the devices for the maximum efficiency and inductance. The introduction of laminations with high-frequency core inductors will also be examined within the study. A 100 MHz magnetic-core inductor design with three laminations gives a 36 nH inductance, with 96.4% efficiency and an area of 3 mm2. A comparable air-core design also gives a 36 nH inductance, with 93.45% efficiency and an area of just 2.6 mm2. © 2011 IEEE. Source


Xvd

Trademark
Ltd. Ireland, Bha Corporation, Stream Inc. and Alaris Inc. | Date: 2004-06-08

Data compression multimedia software; computer hardware and software for compressing, decompressing, transmitting, and downloading digital audio and video files; computer hardware; consumer electronics, namely, digital video disc players and recorders, digital audio players and recorders, audio tape recorders, video tape recorders, mp3 players, computer software for use in streaming of audio and video data. Streaming of audio and video materials on the Internet and to wireless devices.

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