Zhou C.-J.,Shenzhen ENT Institute |
Zhou C.-J.,ENT Hospital |
Zhou C.-J.,Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine |
Huang S.,Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine |
And 14 more authors.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology | Year: 2013
Aim of the study: Dietary obesity is usually characterized by leptin resistance and abnormal lipid metabolism. Lithocarpus polystachyus Rehd.(Sweet Tea) leaf is a kind of Chinese folkloric medicine, and it has been widely used for obesity, diabetes, and hypertension in South China. The present study is aimed at investigating the pharmacological mechanism of the anti- hyperleptinaemia effects of Sweet Tea leaves extract in high fat diet-induced obese rats. Materials and methods: We induced high fat diet obesity for 14weeks to test the corrective effects of three ST doses (75, 150 and 300 mg/kg per day) for 8 weeks. At the end of the experiment, body weight, fasting blood glucose and serum lipids, superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), fasting serum insulin and leptin, C-reactive protein, adiponectin and resistin levels were measured, Homeostasis Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) was also calculated. mRNA gene expression of PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ) and C/EBPα(CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α) in epididymal adipose tissue of DIO control and experimental groups were evaluated. Results: Sweet Tea leaves extract could significantly decrease the levels of serum lipids, attenuate body weight gain and lower circulatingleptin and insulin levels, ameliorate the state of oxidative stress, raise serum adiponectin, reduce circulating CRP and resistin levels, and depress the expression of PPARγ and C/EBPα in epididymal adipose tissue of obese rats. Conclusion: The present findings suggest that ST can effectively attenuate the leptin resistance at least through anti-hyperlipidemic activity and thus has the therapeutic potential in treating hyperlipidemia and hyperleptinaemia related to dietary obesity. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Qiu S.,Shenzhen ENT Institute |
Qiu S.,Shenzhen Longgang Central Hospital |
Qiu S.,ENT Hospital |
Du Y.,McMaster University |
And 8 more authors.
North American Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2011
Background: The prevalence of chronic rhinitis is increasing rapidly; its pathogenesis is to be further understood; immune inflammation is one of the possible causative factors. Antigen specific CD8+ T cells play a critical role in the induction of chronic inflammation. Aims: This study aimed to investigate the role of antigen specific CD8+ T cells in the pathogenesis of chronic atypical allergic rhinitis. Material and Methods: Nasal mucosal epithelial surface scratching samples were obtained from patients with chronic obstruction atypical allergic rhinitis. Exosomes were purified from the scratching samples and examined by immune gold electron microscopy. The effect of exosomes on modulating dendritic cell's properties, the effect of exosome-pulsed dendritic cells on naïve T cell differentiation and the antigen specific CD8+ T cell activation were observed by cell culture models. Results: Exosomes purified from patients with chronic atypical allergic rhinitis carried microbial products, Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), and airborne antigen, Derp1. Dendritic cells pulsed by SEB/Derp1-carrying exosomes showed high levels of CD80, CD86 and the major histocompatibility class I (MHCI). Exosome-pulsed dendritic cells could induce the naïve CD3+ T cells to differentiate into CD8+ T cells. Upon the exposure to a specific antigen, the CD8+ T cells released granzyme B and perforin; more than 30% antigen specific CD8+ T cells proliferated. Conclusions: Antigen specific CD8+ T cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstruction atypical allergic rhinitis.
Rao M.S.,PSMI |
Reddy D.D.,ENT Hospital |
Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Year: 2010
Rupatadine is a once-daily, non-sedating, selective and long-acting new drug with a strong antagonist activity towards both histamine H1 receptors and platelet-activating factor receptors. The use of rupatadine is indicated in adult and adolescent patients (>12 years of age) suffering from intermittent and persistent allergic rhinitis. In the treatment of these conditions, rupatadine is at least as effective as ebastine, cetirizine, loratadine and desloratadine. Avery good safety profile of rupatadine has been evidenced in various studies, including a long-term (1-year) safety study. Rupatadine does not present drug-drug interactions with azithromycin, fluoxetine and lorazepam, but should not be administered concomitantly with known CYP3A4 inhibitors. © Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2009.
Mahadevan M.,Starship Childrens Hospital |
Navarro-Locsin G.,Rush University Medical Center |
Tan H.K.K.,KK Womens and Childrens Hospital |
Yamanaka N.,Wakayama Medical University |
And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology | Year: 2012
Objective: The burden of disease due to otitis media (OM) in Asia Pacific countries was reviewed to increase awareness and raise understanding within the region. Methods: Published literature and unpublished studies were reviewed. Results: In school-age children, OM prevalence varied between 3.25% (Thailand) and 12.23% (Philippines) being highest (42%) in Aboriginal Australian children. OME prevalence at school age varied between 1.14% (Thailand) and 13.8% (Malaysia). Higher prevalence was reported in children with hearing impairment, HIV, pneumonia and rhinitis. CSOM prevalence was 5.4% in Indonesia (all ages), 15% in Aboriginal Australian children and 2-4% in Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia and Vietnam (WHO estimate). OM prevalence/incidence and service utilisation were highest in children 2-5 years of age. The disease burden was substantially higher in Pacific Island children living in New Zealand (25.4% with OME), and was highest in indigenous Australians (>90% with any OM). Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae dominated as primary causes of AOM in all studies. Few studies examined pneumococcal serotype distribution. Health-related cost estimates for OM, when available, were substantial. In developing countries, significant investment is needed to provide facilities for detection and treatment of ear disease in children, if long term hearing deficits and other sequelae are to be prevented. Conclusion: The available evidence suggests an important burden of disease and economic cost associated with OM in most Asia Pacific countries and a potential benefit of prevention through vaccination. Large, prospective community-based studies are needed to better define the prevalence of ear disease in children, and to predict and track pneumococcal conjugate vaccine impacts. AOM prevention through vaccination may also provide a means of reducing antibiotic use and controlling antibiotic-resistant disease in children. This review highlights the need for additional research, and provides a basis on which to build and develop regional guidelines for OM management. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Qiu S.,Shenzhen ENT Institute |
Qiu S.,Shenzhen Longgang Central Hospital |
Qiu S.,ENT Hospital |
Duan X.,Shenzhen ENT Institute |
And 5 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2012
Background: The prevalence of chronic rhinitis is increasing rapidly. Its pathogenesis is not fully understood but immune inflammation is one plausible causative factor. Antigen specific CD8+ T cells play a critical role in the induction of chronic inflammation. This study aims to investigate the role of antigen specific CD8+ T cells in the pathogenesis of chronic AR. Methods: Nasal mucosal epithelial samples obtained by the surface of the nasal mucosaof patients with AR complicated with inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Exosomes were purified from the scratching samples and examined by immune gold electron microscopy. Cell culture models were employed to evaluate the effect of exosomes on modulating CD8+ T cell activity. Results: Exosomes purified from patients with chronic AR carried microbial products, Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), and airborne antigen, Derp1. Dendritic cells pulsed by SEB/Derp1-carrying exosomes showed high levels of CD80, CD86 and the major histocompatibility class I (MHCI). Exosome-pulsed dendritic cells could induce naïve CD3+ T cells to differentiate into CD8+ T cells. Upon exposure to a specific antigen, the CD8+ T cells released granzyme B and perforin and more than 30% antigen specific CD8+ T cells proliferated. Conclusions: Antigen specific CD8+ T cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic AR complicated with inferior turbinate hypertrophy.
Patil K.,ENT Hospital |
Baisakhiya N.,Maharshi Markendeshwar Institute of Medical Science and Research |
Deshmukh P.T.,Jawaherlal Nehru Medical College
Indian Journal of Otology | Year: 2014
Aims and Objective: The present study was undertaken to compare the results of various autogeneous tissues temporalis fascia, tragal perichondrium, and fascia lata as graft materials for the type 1 tympanoplasty. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 cases with large, subtotal and total perforation were considered in the study. Of the 120 cases, temporalis fascia graft was used in 60 cases (Group-I), tragal perichondrium graft in 40 cases (Group-II), and fascia lata graft in 20 cases (Group-III). The results were evaluated in the form of rate of graft success, hearing gain, and mean residual air-bone gap with respect to the graft materials. Results and Observation: A nonsignificant association was observed between the groups, that is, temporalis fascia (Group-I), tragal perichondrium (Group-II), and fascia lata (Group-III) and the graft uptake. (P = 0.96 > 0.05) and air bone closure (χ2 = 2.908, P = 0.059 > 0.05). Conclusion: The graft take-up rate and Hearing improvement are similar for the different graft materials used. Size of the perforation doesn't significantly influence the success rate of tympanoplasty as per our study. Normal translucent appearance of neotympanum in the postoperative period was seen only with temporalis fascia, while in tragal perichondrial and fascia lata grafts the neotympanum was whitish, thicker, and translucent to opaque.
Lohler J.,Research Institute for Applied Otolaryngology WIAHNO |
Lohler J.,University of Lübeck |
Akcicek B.,Research Institute for Applied Otolaryngology WIAHNO |
Wollenberg B.,University of Lübeck |
And 11 more authors.
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology | Year: 2015
The Freiburger Speech Test (FST) has been the gold standard in speech testing by word recognition score in Germany for many years. Recently, it has been demonstrated that for an amount of 104 test-persons there is no significant deviation within the lists. The objective of this study was to determine the percentiles of the distinct measuring situations in quiet and with noise (e.g. applied in hearing aid fitting) and the average benefit using hearing aids. In this prospective study, 623 patients with SNHL and equipped with hearing aids for at least 3 months have been investigated by means of the Freiburger monosyllabic test (FBE) without and with hearing aids and in quiet or with noise (CCITT noise, 65/60 dB signal–noise ratio) in free field conditions at 65 dB to determine the ratio of intelligibility. To investigate the different diagnostic conditions a linear mixed model was applied. The dependent binary variable corresponds to the number of understood syllables. The average age of all subjects was about 72.6 years. The average rate of understanding in the FBE without hearing aids and in quiet was 38.5 %, with hearing aids and in quiet 67.7 %, without hearing aids and with noise 22.4 %, and with hearing aids and with noise 39.8 %. All results were presented with the depending confidence intervals. The extent of hearing loss and the quality of hearing aid fitting can be successfully measured using the FST in quiet and with background noise (CCITT noise). In quiet, an average hearing improving gain of 29.2 % points and with noise a gain of 17.4 % points could be estimated with a successful hearing aid fitting. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Jiang J.,Shenzhen University |
Jiang J.,ENT Hospital |
Jiang J.,McMaster University |
Liu J.-Q.,Shenzhen University |
And 12 more authors.
Scientific Reports | Year: 2015
Epithelial barrier integrity is critical to maintain the homeostasis in the body. The regulatory mechanism of the epithelial barrier function has not been fully understood. This study aims to elucidate the role of the TWIK-related potassium channel-1 (Trek1) in the regulation of the epithelial barrier function of the nasal mucosa. In this study, the levels of Trek1 were assessed by real time RT-PCR and Western blotting. The epithelial barrier function of the rat nasal epithelia was evaluated by the Ussing chamber system. The results showed that Trek1 was detected in the human and rat nasal epithelia, which were significantly lower in patients and rats with allergic rhinitis than that in healthy controls. Exposure to the signature T helper 2 cytokine, interleukin (IL)-4, markedly suppressed the expression of Trek1 in the nasal mucosa via up regulating the expression of the histone deacetylase (HDAC)1. The IL-4-induced rat nasal epithelial barrier dysfunction could be blocked by HDAC1 inhibitor (Trichostatin A), or sodium butyrate, or administration of Clostridium Butyricum. We conclude that Trek1 is critical to maintain the nasal epithelial barrier function.
Huang H.,Zhengzhou University |
Liu J.-Q.,Shenzhen University |
Liu J.-Q.,ENT Hospital |
Liu J.-Q.,McMaster University |
And 8 more authors.
Cellular and Molecular Immunology | Year: 2016
The disruption of epithelial barrier integrity is an important factor in the pathogenesis of various immune disorders. However, the restitution of the compromised barrier functions is difficult. This study investigates the regulation of TWIK-related potassium channel-1 (Trek1) in the restitution of intestinal epithelial barrier functions. The human colon epithelial cell line T84 was cultured in monolayers and used to observe epithelial barrier functions in vitro. An intestinal allergy mouse model was created. Cytokine levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and western blotting. The results showed that Trek1 deficiency induced T84 monolayer barrier disruption. Allergic responses markedly suppressed the expression of Trek1 in the intestinal epithelia via activating the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways and increasing the expression of histone deacetylase-1. The inhibition of histone deacetylase-1 by sodium butyrate or the administration of a butyrate-producing probiotic (Clostridium butyricum) restored the intestinal epithelial barrier functions and markedly enhanced the effect of antigen-specific immunotherapy. The data suggest that Trek1 is required for the maintenance of intestinal epithelial barrier integrity. Allergic responses induce an insufficiency of Trek1 expression in the intestinal epithelia. Trek1 expression facilitates the restoration of intestinal epithelial barrier functions in an allergic environment. © 2015 CSI and USTC. All rights reserved.
PubMed | ENT Hospital
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: European journal of ophthalmology | Year: 2015
To evaluate and compare the glaucoma discrimination ability of macula, macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC), and peripapillary nerve fiber layer (ppNFL) thickness in Chinese patients using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT).A total of 64 normal subjects (N), 47 glaucoma suspects (GS), and 48 glaucoma patients (G) were enrolled in the study. The thickness of mGCC, ppNFL, and total macula were measured using RTVue-100 FD-OCT (software version: 18.104.22.168; Optovue). The GCC and ONH protocols were used for obtaining images in all subjects. For each binocular subject, one eye was chosen randomly for analysis.The average thicknesses of macular, mGCC, and ppNFL in normal eyes were significantly different from those in GS or G eyes (p<0.001). The mGCC thickness correlated well with ppNFL thickness (correlation coefficients for N, GS, and G eyes are 0.397 [p=0.001], 0.822 [p<0.0001], and 0.865 [p<0.0001]). Areas under receiver operating characteristic curve of macular, mGCC, and ppNFL thickness are 0.940 (p<0.0001), 0.998 (p<0.0001), and 0.977 (p<0.0001), discriminating G from N eyes. There was no significant difference comparing the discriminating powers of NFL, GCC, and macular thickness.The mGCC measurements provide another measurement of neural loss in glaucoma, and may serve as a promising parameter for ppNFL thickness in the clinical assessment of glaucoma. For glaucomatous eyes, mGCC and ppNFL thicknesses performed better discriminating abilities compared with macular thickness.