Time filter

Source Type

Angers, France

Chabi F.,ENSAM PARIS | Champmartin S.,ENSAM ANGERS | Sarraf C.,ENSAM PARIS | Noguera R.,ENSAM PARIS
Journal of Biomechanics

We evaluate here three hemodynamic models used for the numerical simulation of bare and stented artery flows. We focus on two flow features responsible for intra-stent restenosis: the wall shear stress and the re-circulation lengths around a stent. The studied models are the Poiseuille profile, the simplified pulsatile profile and the complete pulsatile profile based on the analysis of Womersley. The flow rate of blood in a human left coronary artery is considered to compute the velocity profiles. "Ansys Fluent 14.5" is used to solve the Navier-Stokes and continuity equations. As expected our results show that the Poiseuille profile is questionable to simulate the complex flow dynamics involved in intra-stent restenosis. Both pulsatile models give similar results close to the strut but diverge far from it. However, the computational time for the complete pulsatile model is five times that of the simplified pulsatile model. Considering the additional "cost" for the complete model, we recommend using the simplified pulsatile model for future intra-stent flow simulations. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Charki A.,University of Angers | Diop K.,University of Angers | Champmartin S.,ENSAM ANGERS | Ambari A.,ENSAM ANGERS
International Journal of Mechanical Sciences

The objective of this paper is to provide a numerical simulation and an experimental study in order to assess stiffness and damping characteristics of thrust air bearings with multiple orifices. Finite element modeling is used to solve the non-linear Reynolds equation while taking into account the movement equation for the bearing. The numerical results obtained show that performance characteristics are related to bearing design type. An experimental investigation allows us to analyze the behavior of thrust air bearings with several orifices as well as that of groove or porous material bearings. Frequency response measurements have been realized in order to compare the dynamic properties of the different bearings. The frequency responses obtained demonstrate that air bearings with multiple orifices have a damping higher than the other types in certain conditions. Air bearings with multiple orifices offer many advantages from a dynamic point of view. Their performance may be characterized not only by flow conditions but also by the number or diameter of the orifices in the bearing surface. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Trabelsi S.,ENIS | Bouaziz Z.,ENIS | Germain G.,ENSAM ANGERS | Morel A.,ENSAM ANGERS
Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering

Understanding of local mechanisms chip forming during machining by removal of material is difficult, to this end; a cutting finite element modelling is required. This study aims initially to model orthogonal cutting of Ti17 titanium alloy in dry and cryogenic machining and in a second time to study the influence of the application of cryogen during machining on temperature fields and cutting forces in numerical simulation. An experimental study was also conducted to determine the mode of tool wear and the evolution of flank wear. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015. Source

Discover hidden collaborations