Tebizi-Tighilt F.-Z.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene |
Zane F.,ENP |
Belhaneche-Bensemra N.,ENP |
Belhousse S.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene |
And 2 more authors.
Applied Surface Science | Year: 2013
This work consists in elaborating a gas sensor based on porous silicon and a polypyrrole obtained by covalent grafting and studying its answer in different environments. At first, we were interested in the formation of the nanoporous layers by cyclovoltammetric (CV) in a hydrofluoric acid solution followed by an electrochemical grafting of the polypyrrole (PPy) on the porous silicon and oxide porous silicon surfaces. The various interfaces were characterized using different techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Finally, a series of electric characterizations to study the answer of the structures in the contact of the carbon dioxide was achieved. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
News Article | December 2, 2016
Joint press release following the 3rd Association Council meeting between the European Union and Georgia BRUSSELS, 02-Dec-2016 — /EuropaWire/ — The European Union and Georgia held the 3rd meeting of the Association Council on 2 December 2016. The Council is the highest formal body established under the EU-Georgia Association Agreement to supervise the implementation of the Agreement and to discuss issues of mutual interest. This meeting took place after the entry into force of the Association Agreement on 1 July 2016 that marked the start of its full-scale implementation. The Association Council welcomed the fact that the parliamentary elections in October were competitive, well-administered and fundamental freedoms were generally respected, as stated in the OSCE/ODIHR preliminary report. Both sides highlighted the importance of addressing all recommendations related to the administration of the elections in order to further strengthen the environment favourable for democratic conduct of elections. The Association Council agreed that the strong parliamentary majority is a responsibility to strengthen democratic institutions, consolidate pluralistic democracy in Georgia and advance reforms. The EU expressed its readiness for close cooperation with the new Georgian government to advance the common EU-Georgia bilateral agenda. The Association Council took note of the 2016 Association Implementation Report on Georgia and positively assessed the significant progress in EU-Georgia relations since the last Association Council in November 2015. Both sides acknowledged Georgia’s European aspiration, its European choice and the common objective to continue building a democratic, stable and prosperous country. They reaffirmed their continued commitment to Georgia’s political association and economic integration with the EU. The Association Council underlined the importance of setting the Association Agenda priorities for 2017-2020 and welcomed the involvement of civil society in this process. The Association Council emphasized the shared vision of building a resilient state, institutions and society highlighted in the EU Global Strategy for Foreign and Security Policy. The Association Council welcomed the progress made by Georgia in the implementation of comprehensive reforms in the justice sector. Both sides agreed on the need for Georgia to consolidate the progress achieved. The EU underlined its commitment to continue assisting Georgia in its efforts to reform the judiciary and safeguard the rule of law. While emphasising Georgia’s successful implementation of all required benchmarks under the Visa Liberalisation Action Plan, the Association Council stressed the importance of a prompt finalization of the decision making process required to exempt Georgian citizens, holding biometric passports, from the visa requirement within the Schengen area. Both sides welcomed the initial benefits of the economic integration through the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) implementation. Ensuring long-term sustainable development and inclusive economic growth were highlighted as core goals of the Georgian Government’s domestic reform programme, in line with the commitments of the Association Agreement. The EU underlined the importance of sound macroeconomic policies in this respect and welcomed the renewed momentum for Georgia to reach an agreement with the IMF. The Association Council welcomed the positive trends in trade between the EU and Georgia since the provisional application of the DCFTA. The sides highlighted the importance of creating more “success stories” in terms of new market openings for Georgian products, as well as the need to better communicate the advantages of the DCFTA to attract Foreign Direct Investments (FDIs). Both sides welcomed the decision of the Joint Committee of the Pan-Euro-Mediterranean Convention on Rules of Origin to admit Georgia as a contracting party to the Convention that will further facilitate the export of Georgian products to the EU market. The Association Council underlined Georgia’s strategic role in the field of energy and transport connectivity and welcomed the signature of the Protocol on the accession of Georgia to the Energy Community on 14 October 2016, as envisaged by the implementation of the Association Agreement. The Association Council welcomed the solid EU assistance provided to Georgia, which had particularly increased in the period 2014-2017 with an annual average of €100 million available to support the ambitious political, judicial and economic reforms envisaged in the Association Agreement and the Association Agenda. The Association Council underlined the importance of the promotion of EU investments in the Georgian economy and welcomed a proposal to focus future assistance for 2017-2020 on Economic Growth, Private Sector Support and developing efficient value chains and increased competitiveness in selected sectors with high export potential and/or import substitution. Both sides welcomed and stressed the importance of successful cooperation established between the EU and Georgia on Strategic Communication. The EU expressed readiness to assist Georgia’s increased participation in EU programmes in order to bring tangible results to the population. The Association Council commended Georgia’s growing cooperation with the EU agencies and welcomed further steps in this direction. The Association Council encouraged the strengthening of sectoral cooperation through enhanced dialogue between the relevant EU and Georgian institutions and use of all available EU instruments. The EU reiterated its firm support for the territorial integrity of Georgia within its internationally recognised borders, as well as its firm commitment to peace, stability and conflict resolution in Georgia. To this end, the EU is committed to using all instruments at its disposal through a comprehensive approach, including its policy of non-recognition and engagement in Georgia. The EU Special Representative for the South Caucasus and the Crisis in Georgia and the EU co-chairmanship of the Geneva International Discussions, the EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM) are visible and substantial signs of this commitment. The Association Council stressed the crucial importance of the Geneva International Discussions for addressing and resolving the challenges stemming from the conflict in Georgia. It also agreed that fully functional Incident Prevention and Response Mechanisms (IPRMs) are essential for confidence, predictability and transparency on the ground. The contribution of the EU Monitoring Mission to security and stability on the ground was particularly highlighted. The Association Council was deeply concerned with the recent ratification of the so-called agreement between the Russian Federation and the Georgian region of Abkhazia on the creation of a “joint group of military forces” and considered this step detrimental to security and stability in the region. The EU underlined that this so-called agreement, similar to the earlier so-called “Agreement on the State Border” between the Russian Federation and the Georgian region of Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia, and the so-called “Treaties” signed between the Russian Federation and the two Georgian regions of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia, have no legal status for the EU. These so-called agreements violate international law, including the principles of inviolability of Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognised borders. The Association Council called on the Russian Federation to fulfil its obligations under the ceasefire agreement of 12 August 2008 and its subsequent implementing measures of 8 September 2008, and to provide EUMM access to the Georgian regions of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia. Both sides expressed concern over the human rights situation in these regions, including with regards to freedom of movement and access to education in native language in the Georgian region of Abkhazia. The Association Council agreed on the importance of continuing and intensifying a broad policy that includes the whole society and encouraged Georgia to sustain its efforts to reach out to its communities throughout its entire territory. The Association Council noted the importance of further supporting people-to-people contacts across the divide and confidence building measures between conflict-affected communities and encouraging reconciliation efforts. The EU expressed appreciation for Georgia’s continued contribution to EU-led crisis management operations and missions in the Central African Republic and the Republic of Mali, as well as readiness to support strengthening of respective capacities of the country. The EU commended Georgia’s active participation in the multilateral dimension of the Eastern Partnership. It welcomed Georgia’s contribution to the ENP review and elaboration of the Global Strategy for Foreign and Security Policy. The Association Council underlined the importance of translating the strategies into clear and concrete policy priorities and deliverables. The Council was chaired by the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Ms. Federica Mogherini. The Prime Minister of Georgia, Mr. Giorgi Kvirikashvili led the Georgian delegation consisting of members of the Government of Georgia.
News Article | February 15, 2017
GUELPH, ON--(Marketwired - February 14, 2017) - Dr. Gene Shelp, President and CEO of ENPAR Technologies Inc. (TSX VENTURE: ENP) ("ENPAR" or "the Company"), is very pleased to announce that ENPAR completed construction of the containerized, electrochemical treatment plant (refer to press release dated September 07, 2016). Last week, the plant was shipped to an industrial site owned and operated by our strategic partner in the petrochemical services industry. This initial commercial plant, valued at CAD $140,000, integrates several innovative process stages to enhance product recovery and to facilitate the treatment of a broader range of process and waste streams. ENPAR will assist in commissioning the plant. The partners expect the plant to be in commercial operation by March of 2017. Dr. Shelp commented that, "ENPAR anticipates near-term follow-up sales resulting from the successful commissioning of the plant." ENPAR is a "Technology Company" applying its patented and proprietary "Electrochemical Technologies" to the treatment of waste water, desalination water and drinking water contaminated by metals or nutrients, i.e., nitrate/ammonia associated with the mining, metal processing, chemical, agricultural, municipal and waste management sectors. The common shares trade on Tier ll of the TSX Venture Exchange under the symbol "ENP". The TSX Venture Exchange has not reviewed and does not accept responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release. This news release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the "safe harbour" provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and other factors that may cause ENPAR Technologies Inc. results to differ materially from expectations. These include risks relating to market fluctuations, property performance and other risks. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date hereof. Certain statements contained in this press release and in certain documents incorporated by reference into this press release constitute forward-looking statements. The use of any of the words "anticipate", "continue", "estimate", "expect", "may", "will", "project", "should", "believe" and "confident" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results or events to differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements. ENPAR believes that the expectations reflected in those forward-looking statements are reasonable but no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct and such forward-looking statements included in, or incorporated by reference into, this press release should not be unduly relied upon. These statements speak only as of the date of this press release. ENPAR undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
News Article | November 3, 2016
GUELPH, ON--(Marketwired - November 03, 2016) - Dr. Gene Shelp, President and CEO of ENPAR Technologies Inc. (TSX VENTURE: ENP) ("ENPAR" or "the Company"), is very pleased to announce that following a successful design/construction phase (refer to press release dated March 08, 2016), ENPAR is currently engaged in commissioning this state-of-the-art AmmEL ammonia treatment plant at a site located in Virginia, USA (Photos 1 and 2). In collaboration with our partner, a respected American Engineering Firm, ENPAR has selected this emerging ammonia treatment sector as the initial stage of its strategic sales and marketing plan. This patented AmmEL treatment plant has been designed to treat an equivalent of 200 m3 per day of waste water containing up to 27 mg of ammonium-nitrogen per litre. The AmmEL system is unique in its ability to consistently achieve less than 1 mg ammonium-nitrogen per litre in the treated water. ENPAR anticipates numerous additional sales with each valued in the CAD $400,000 to $500,000 range. Dr. Shelp commented that: "This commercial sale represents a launching platform for ENPAR's disruptive patented ammonia treatment system in North America. ENPAR is working closely with our engineering partner to ensure that this initial installation is a showpiece which establishes the AmmEL Technology as a "Best Available Technology" for ammonia treatment in North America and internationally. ENPAR is confident that the success in this emerging sector will translate to important business opportunities in the significantly larger municipal and industrial sectors. These opportunities will facilitate ENPAR's transition from a leading-edge research and development firm to a successful international provider of disruptive commercial water treatment systems and related services." About ENPAR Technologies Inc. ENPAR is a "Technology Company" applying its patented and proprietary "Electrochemical Technologies" to the treatment of waste water, desalination water and drinking water contaminated by metals or nutrients, i.e., nitrate/ammonia associated with the mining, metal processing, chemical, agricultural, municipal and waste management sectors. The common shares trade on Tier ll of the TSX Venture Exchange under the symbol "ENP". The TSX Venture Exchange has not reviewed and does not accept responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release. This news release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the "safe harbour" provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and other factors that may cause ENPAR Technologies Inc. results to differ materially from expectations. These include risks relating to market fluctuations, property performance and other risks. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date hereof. Certain statements contained in this press release and in certain documents incorporated by reference into this press release constitute forward-looking statements. The use of any of the words "anticipate", "continue", "estimate", "expect", "may", "will", "project", "should", "believe" and "confident" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results or events to differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements. ENPAR believes that the expectations reflected in those forward-looking statements are reasonable but no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct and such forward-looking statements included in, or incorporated by reference into, this press release should not be unduly relied upon. These statements speak only as of the date of this press release. ENPAR undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Samira B.,DTISI |
Hassina A.,DTISI |
International Conference on Signal Processing Proceedings, ICSP | Year: 2012
Many data hiding algorithms have been proposed for the latest video codec H.264/AVC, most of them are based on the 4×4 luma DCT coefficients. However, for this kind of algorithms, the drift distortion is the main reason which limits the embedding capacity. Few methods have been proposed to compensate or eliminate the error propagation. Though, they are either non-blind, only detectable or need prior knowledge of the encoded blocks and thus cannot be used for real time broadcasting. In this paper we show that it is possible to reduce considerably the error propagation for real time applications. The proposed algorithm exploits the method of watermarking paired-coefficients in each block in order to bring the error to the middle of the block matrix. We evaluate the distortion caused by each paired-coefficient in order to give a watermarking priority to the pairs which introduce the minimum error. The proposed scheme offers a very good compromise between the video distortion, the increase in bitrate and the embedding capacity. © 2012 IEEE.
Badji R.,Welding and Control Research Center |
Badji R.,University of Paris 13 |
Bacroix B.,University of Paris 13 |
Materials Characterization | Year: 2011
The effect of welding and subsequent annealing on the evolution of the crystallographic texture and the anisotropic properties in a 2205 duplex stainless steel was studied. A strong texture was found in the base metal for both austenite and ferrite phases. The austenite texture is composed of rolling (copper and brass) and recrystallization (cube) components whereas the ferrite texture contains mainly a marked < 001>//RD α fibre with a major rotated cube component. The texture evolution during welding and annealing was characterized in the base metal, heat affected zone and weld metal; the corresponding phase proportions and misorientation values were also calculated. The analysis of all these data allows improving the understanding of the recovery, recrystallization and grain growth mechanisms occurring during the various steps of the treatment. Finally, a micromechanical model was used to calculate some mechanical properties from the measured texture, and to confirm that the optimal annealing treatment is about 1050 °C. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Boulkroune A.,Jijel University |
Tadjine M.,ENP |
M'Saad M.,University of Caen Lower Normandy |
Farza M.,University of Caen Lower Normandy
Information Sciences | Year: 2014
This paper presents an adaptive fuzzy observer for a class of uncertain nonlinear systems. More precisely, we propose a unified approach for designing such an observer with some design flexibility so that it can be easily adaptable and employed either as a high-gain or a sliding mode observer by selecting its gain appropriately. Additionally, we derive a suitable parameter adaptation law so that the proposed observer is robust with respect to ubiquitous fuzzy approximation errors and external disturbances. We also show that the observation error is ultimately bounded using a Lyapunov approach without having recourse to the usual strictly positive real (SPR) condition or a suitable observation error filtering. The effectiveness of the proposed observers is illustrated through two simulation case studies taken from the adaptive fuzzy control literature. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Henini G.,University of Hassiba Ben Bouali Chlef |
Laidani Y.,University of Hassiba Ben Bouali Chlef |
Souahi F.,ENP |
Hanini S.,Dr. Yahia Fares University Center of Médéa
Energy Procedia | Year: 2012
It is very well known at present that different industries agro-food sector generally produce considerable quantities of wastewater should be treated imperative for preserving the environment, and thus avoid a real danger to the ecosystem. These waters are usually loaded with in pollutants of organic nature. This study was motivated by the fact that no quantitative study concerning the physico- chemical behavior of Luffa cylindrica fibers, hence the idea to use the capacity of retention by adsorption of contaminants. In the first step, we studied the kinetics of adsorption (static adsorption of system phenol / fibers of Luffa cylindrica) by using the model of pollution of the phenol as a method of analysis the UV spectrophotometry, in a second step we valued with quantification the adsorption isotherms obtained in relation to other commonly used isotherms (activated carbon / phenol) and a final step optimization of the phenomenon has been conducted, the results are widely presented and discussed taking into account the variation some physicochemical parameters. This work demonstrates and confirms the possibility of using Luffa cylindrica fibers for industrial treatment of wastewater for its advantageous features: natural fiber, economic, non-toxic, biodegradable, filter, fuel and incinerated, ... etc. © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
News Article | November 18, 2016
Holganix LLC has announced the launch of their latest product, Holganix 2-10-20, a phosphorus and potassium focused liquid fertilizer containing biological food sources and Armament technology. Holganix manufactures a line of biological products that balances the soil’s ecosystem, building strong roots and growing healthier, more resilient plants. Holganix products reduce the need for fertilizer and pesticide inputs allowing green professionals to provide high performance, yet sustainable results. Armament technology is a patented, biodegradable nutrient enhancer by ENP Turf. The presence of Armament technology, the biological food sources that feed soil biology, and the high-quality phosphorus and potassium sources contained in Holganix 2-10-20, allow users to promote healthy root growth, increase water and nutrient efficiency and enhance new plant tissue development and new shoots from the base of the plant. “Ultimately, you are encouraging nutrient uptake by the plant through Armament technology and supporting the soil biology with food sources. That’s what allows Holganix 2-10-20 to provide results for green industry professionals,” says Holganix CEO Barrett Ersek. Further, when Holganix 2-10-20 is combined with Holganix refrigerated products, which contain over 800 species of active soil microorganisms, results are enhanced. “We are very excited to be offering Holganix 2-10-20 as the latest addition to our Holganix product line,” says Ersek. “Holganix 2-10-20 will be a powerful tool in a plant and turf health care arsenal to provide better, healthier plants.” About Holganix: Holganix is manufacturer of biological solutions that balances the soil’s ecosystem, building strong roots and growing healthier, more resilient plants. Holganix allows green industry professionals to reduce fertilizer and pesticide inputs, providing high performance, yet sustainable results. http://www.Holganix.com
News Article | October 31, 2016
One of the most significant moments in my life came one afternoon about five months ago, when I was volunteering in an elephant sanctuary in Thailand. I was tidying the park as part of my duties when I came across a beautiful, solitary elephant with a badly deformed front leg. Concerned as to why she was alone and curious about her physical health, I asked a guide. Kabu was 26 years old, like me. She had been rescued about a year before but sadly never settled with a herd. She had been used for the illegal logging trade since infancy, pulling huge weights up and down steep mountain ravines. During one of these tortuous journeys, a log came loose, rolled into her and badly broke her leg. Forced to continue working, her injury never healed. When Kabu was finally rescued she was weak and traumatised. When she arrived at the park she had tears rolling from her eyes – from relief, said the guide. Wanting a photograph with her, I stood next to her, as I had done with the other elephants. I was not prepared for what happened next; Kabu mirrored my movement and leant into me. As she moved in closer, I could feel her sheer strength against my body. This gave me a sense of safety and security, so I pressed against her further as if to hug her. Moving closer towards her head, I looked into her dark eyes for several moments, and rubbed the top of her trunk. As she looked back at me, I was amazed. Here was an animal who had gone through unspeakable horrors, yet was still willing to trust and give affection to a human. We were in the Elephant Nature Park (ENP), a 250-acre sanctuary for rescued Asian elephants like Kabu, founded by award-winning conservationist Lek Chailert (known as the “elephant whisperer”). Chailert was born in a mountain village in northern Thailand and grew up in a family that owned an elephant. From a young age, she was devoted to their care. She witnessed the traumatic circumstances in which many Asian elephants live and set about creating safe spaces for them. It is a little-known fact that Asian elephants are even more endangered than their African cousins. Perhaps just 50,000 are left. In Thailand there are about 6,000, half of which live in captivity. The ancient tradition of capture and domestication not only raises welfare problems, it is also a strain on the dwindling wild stock. On top of this many, some Asian elephants are subjected to a centuries-old domestication ritual known as “the crush”, which breaks the spirit of a baby elephant to make it submit to human control. Animal rights groups report that some elephants in the south-east Asian tourism industry – whether being used for riding or appearing to calmly paint pictures in the street – have gone through some form of the crush. In the most extreme examples of the crush wild calves are separated from their mothers and tied in a pen so constrictive it cannot move or lie down. This treatment may last for several weeks, and observers describe cases where food, water and sleep are restricted, and injuries are inflicted on the animals. Elephants are highly sentient, evolved animals, who form lifelong relationships with their families. Anyone who has spent any time with these beautiful creatures cannot doubt their sensitivity and intelligence, and the risk of lifelong damage from treatment such as the crush. Some elephants become withdrawn or behave aggressively towards humans – both examples of how psychological damage can be manifested. The ethos of the ENP sanctuary, surrounded by rainforest and rivers, is for rescued elephants to roam completely free, for them never to work and to live out their lives in peace, happiness and fun. They form new family bonds, and some even have calves. While it is still visible how much pain and suffering these animals have endured – some are blind and others are too emotionally unpredictable to interact with humans – most of the elephants are relaxed and enjoy their freedom. ENP largely raises money through sponsorship and tourism. Visitors can stay for one day, or volunteer for up to two weeks (as I did). And how had I ended up here? A few months earlier I had been sitting in therapy, wrestling with conflicting urges to harm myself or to help myself. After experiences of abuse in my childhood, I began self-harming before I was 13. At this particular moment I was wrestling with hallucinations and beliefs that by hurting myself the disturbing images would go away. This time, however, I realised there could be another solution. I needed to do something life-changing, something that would take me out of my own head and into the world. I didn’t initially know where to go. But after some research I found the Elephant Nature Park. Being a vegan and animal advocate, I felt it had the right ethos. While both my therapist and my wife were encouraging, they did have some concerns. Would I be well enough to travel far away? Would I be able to stay safe if I encountered anything that triggered urges to self-harm? What if being in such an environment were disheartening as opposed to inspirational, as I hoped? Although I was giddy with excitement about my grand adventure, I had to admit that these were concerns I shared. It took an overnight train ride from Bangkok to reach Chiang Mai province in northern Thailand, near the border with Burma. On the first day, everyone met at the ENP office in Chiang Mai city centre for registration and transport to the sanctuary itself. Our minivans were equipped with DVDs about how not to get trodden on by an elephant, something which had fleetingly crossed my mind before but was now crystallised as a legitimate possibility. Upon arrival, 50 or so excitable individuals waited to be paired up with roommates and organised into our volunteering groups. They were a lovely group of various ages from all over the world. Our first task was unloading the watermelon truck and filling up the “elephant kitchen”. We each got into single file, passing along watermelons from the van to the many giant shelves that housed the elephant food. I was hit with the heady aroma of sweet fruit, and willed my body to adapt to the heat while shifting the heavy loads. My first elephant encounter was in fact rather unexpected; a sneaky trunk peeking around from the back of the kitchen, curious to identify any chopped up pieces of fruit ready for eating. I instantly knew that this was going to be a wonderful fortnight. The volunteering itself focuses on providing care for the elephants such as bathing, food preparation (I have seen enough watermelons to last a lifetime), and accompanying them to the vets. Volunteers also look after the park; scooping poop (there is a proper technique to this; shovel from the back of the pile, lift up from the centre) tidying shelters and planting trees. All of us as volunteers were incredibly touched to have the opportunity to stay here and look after the elephants. My group of new friends and I would come together each meal time with new stories and experiences to share, and certain times of day became graced with new importance: 3pm, time to help bathe the elephants; 4pm, feeding time opposite our own dinner table. It would be unrealistic to say that I did not experience intrusive thoughts or that my hallucinations stopped outright, but I felt no need to act upon them, and my happiness far outweighed any negative emotions. The routine and the socialising was important, but the fact that I was helping these amazing creatures was by far the most important factor. I think being in such an environment was therapeutic for all. There is a wealth of anecdotal evidence that animal assisted therapy can have a real impact on the social and psychological wellbeing of those struggling from both physical and psychological problems. I have a degree in psychology, and being here highlighted to me that there is a need for more formal studies to be conducted to build up the evidence base. I have returned from ENP with a renewed sense of wanting to face and survive my own pain, actively working towards giving up self-harm. Although I have had challenging moments, I have not self-harmed once since coming back and I am approaching a year free of self-harm altogether. Kabu continues to be a source of inspiration. If an elephant can go through the crush and survive forced labour without giving up hope and trust, then there is no reason why I cannot overcome my own trauma. Jake Dorothy lives in Cardiff, United Kingdom, with his wife and rescue cat. He works as a mental health trainer and volunteers for LGBT victim support. If you have been affected by any of the issues raised this article, the Samaritans in the UK can be contacted on 116 123, Lifeline in Australia on 13 11 14 and in the US, the National Suicide Prevention Hotline is 1800 273 8255.