An L.-Y.,Yangzhou University |
An L.-Y.,Engineering Research Center for transgenic Animal Pharmaceutics in Jiangsu Province |
Yuan Y.-G.,Yangzhou University |
Yuan Y.-G.,Engineering Research Center for transgenic Animal Pharmaceutics in Jiangsu Province |
And 6 more authors.
Theriogenology | Year: 2012
The objective was to use dual markers to accurately select genetically modified donor cells and ensure that the resulting somatic cell nuclear transfer kids born were transgenic. Fetal fibroblast cells were transfected with dual marking gene vector (pCNLF-ng) that contained the red-shifted variant of the jellyfish green fluorescent protein (LGFP) and neomycin resistance (Neo) markers. Cell clones that were G418-resistant and polymerase chain reaction-positive were subcultured for several passages; individual cells of the clones were examined with fluorescence microscopy to confirm transgenic integration. Clones in which every cell had bright green fluorescence were used as donor cells for nuclear transfer. In total, 86.7% (26/30) cell clones were confirmed to have transgenic integration of the markers by polymerase chain reaction, 76.7% (23/30) exhibited fluorescence, but only 40% (12/30) of these fluorescent cell clones had fluorescence in all cell populations. Moreover, through several cell passages, only 20% (6/30) of the cell clones exhibited stable LGFP expression. Seven transgenic cloned offspring were produced from these cells by nuclear transfer. Overall, the reconstructed embryo fusion rate was 76.6%, pregnancy rates at 35 and 60 days were 39.1% and 21.7%, respectively, and the offspring birth rate was 1.4%. There were no significant differences between nuclear transfer with dual versus a single (Neo) marker (overall, 73.8% embryo fusion rate, 53.8% and 26.9% pregnancy rates, and 1.9% birth rate with five offspring). In conclusion, the use of LGFP/Neo dual markers and an optimized selection procedure reliably screened genetically modified donor cells, excluded pseudotransgenic cells, and led to production of human lactoferrin transgenic goats. Furthermore, the LGFP/Neo markers had no adverse effects on the efficiency of somatic cell nuclear transfer. © 2012 Elsevier Inc..