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Fan X.-C.,Xinjiang University | Fan X.-C.,Engineering Research Center for Renewable Energy Generation and Grid Control | Wang W.-Q.,Xinjiang University | Wang W.-Q.,Engineering Research Center for Renewable Energy Generation and Grid Control
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2016

With climate warming and the energy crisis growing throughout the world, China as a developing country must undergo a revolution in energy production and consumption to change the traditional structure and patterns of energy utilization and establish a safe, green, and efficient energy system. Accelerating the development of new energy, increasing the proportion of clean energy, and developing high-voltage transmission and smart grids is the strategic choice for China's energy security and energy restructuring as well as for atmospheric environment improvement and reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. As a strategically emerging industry, the wind power industry in China, particularly its spatial patterns and influencing factors, should be provided close attention. This paper presents a large amount of data on Chinese wind power equipment manufacturing companies from statistics on China's installed wind power capacity (CWEA) from 2000 to 2014. The spatial patterns and influencing factors in China's wind turbine manufacturing industry are analyzed, and its features and factors are discussed to provide a scientific reference in an ordered pattern. Results on spatial patterns are discussed according to the following two distinct points. First, China's wind turbine manufacturing has formed a relatively complete "production, marketing, transportation, installation, operation and management, maintenance and overhaul" industrial chain, and enterprises own many bases but display a multi-point scattered spatial distribution. However, different parts of manufacturing enterprises adopt different exhaustive strategies as shown in this research. Overall, national and regional manufacturing centers are being formed. Second, China's domestic wind power equipment manufacturing enterprises are mainly established through relevant equipment manufacturing business investment and are located in the same city as their investment companies; meanwhile, foreign enterprises are generally located in cities with a solid foundation equipment manufacturing industrial base. The subsidiary firms of wind turbine manufacturing enterprises are located in Northwest, North, and Northeast China, whereas wind farms are generally located in eastern coastal areas with abundant wind resources. Furthermore, the influencing factors in China's wind turbine manufacturing industry are analyzed as a composite issue from several aspects of wind resource endowment, industrial base, policy support, and economic and technical support. (1) The industrial base primarily affects the choice of location of the wind power equipment business parent company. (2) Wind resource endowments mainly affect the location selection of subsidiary companies; cities with many wind resource areas contain a large number of wind power equipment company subsidiaries. (3) Local government support considerably affects choice of location of wind power equipment company subsidiaries. (4) Among wind resource endowment, industrial base, and local government support, the industrial base plays the most important role. Overall, the strong support provided by government policy is the foundation, and improving the technical level is a necessary condition. The industrial base often plays a decisive role. Regional economic openness has a significant impact on the spatial patterns of foreign wind power manufacturers in the early development of the wind power industry. Market and labor capabilities are also vital factors that affect the spatial patterns of China's wind turbine manufacturing industry. The results of this study provide important information for wind equipment manufacturing companies to select new locations and for local governments to develop strategic industrial development policies. The results also provide a useful reference for foreign firms that intend to explore the Chinese wind power market. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Fan X.-C.,Xinjiang University | Fan X.-C.,Engineering Research Center for Renewable Energy Generation and Grid Control | Wang W.-Q.,Xinjiang University | Wang W.-Q.,Engineering Research Center for Renewable Energy Generation and Grid Control | And 3 more authors.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2015

With the rapid development of wind power, countries not only pay attention to wind power quantity, but also to quality or utilization efficiency. Therefore, establishing a set of complete systems and suitable conditions to evaluate the wind power utilization level of China is necessary. The present study summarizes the development status of wind power in China, and then compares the domestic and foreign wind power utilization levels. The results show that the wind power total utilization level of China is equal to that of the United States, the regional "Three North" grid wind power utilization level is commensurate with that of Germany, and "East Mongolia" reaches the world-leading utilization level along with Denmark. In the present study, the diversifying index system of wind power utilization level is also constructed in consideration of the basic indices, development scale indices, and utilization efficiency indices of wind power. The developments in Chinese wind power are reviewed and the future wind power utilization level of China is analyzed using power system integrated optimization model. Research results show that the wind power utilization level must measure many aspects rather than a single index, and we should focus on the coordinated development of wind power and the entire power system. China must improve the overall planning and operation level of the power system, which is the key to developing its wind power industry, to scientifically and orderly promote wind power as well as ensure healthy development while improving the wind power utilization level. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Fan X.-C.,Xinjiang University | Fan X.-C.,Engineering Research Center for Renewable Energy Generation and Grid Control | Wang W.-Q.,Xinjiang University | Wang W.-Q.,Engineering Research Center for Renewable Energy Generation and Grid Control | And 3 more authors.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2015

The year 2010 was an important turning point in Chinas wind power industry. The main contradiction in Chinas wind power development shifted to a conflict between large-scale rapid development of wind power capacity and power transmission and consumption. The present wind power curtailment restricts the sound development of Chinas wind power industry. In this study, the situation of wind power curtailment is reviewed through the data summary and analysis of more than 10 provinces, including Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang, in the past five years. Within the context of Chinas overall power structure and based on the characteristics of different regions, this study analyzes the parameters affecting wind power curtailment to determine the factors affecting wind power curtailment in China, summarize the specific reasons for wind power accommodation, and discuss the methods and strategies to reasonably solve the wind power curtailment issue in different regions of China. Specific measures include strengthening the power grid construction to realize the transmission of wind power from north to east, constructing demonstration projects of wind power heating to promote local wind power accommodation in four provinces in Northwest China, and using wind power storage to minimize the difficulty of wind power curtailment. Predictions and prospects for the development of Chinas wind power industry are also presented in this paper. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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