Gao W.,Xiangtan University |
Gao W.,Engineering Research Center for Complex Track Processing Technology and Equipment |
Tan Y.,Xiangtan University |
Tan Y.,Engineering Research Center for Complex Track Processing Technology and Equipment |
And 5 more authors.
Finite Elements in Analysis and Design | Year: 2016
A new contact search algorithm named virtual-surface contact algorithm is developed for dealing with the interaction between spherical discrete elements (DEs) and finite elements (FEs). The basic idea of the contact algorithm is forming a virtual surface above the FE surface. Therefore, the contact problem between DE and FE surface is treated as that between the DE mass center and the virtual surface. Then, the projection of the DE mass center on the virtual surface is determined using spatial area coordinates without solving nonlinear equations and the contact force is processed by using a penalty function method. So, the quick contact searching and accurate evaluation of penetration have been achieved. Finally, the accuracy of this algorithm is investigated via four numerical examples. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.