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Wei M.,Wuhan Textile University | Gao L.,Wuhan Textile University | Li J.,Wuhan Textile University | Fang J.,Wuhan Textile University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Hazardous Materials

Graphitic carbon nitride supported on activated carbon (g-C3N4/AC) was prepared through an in situ thermal approach and used as a metal free catalyst for pollutants degradation in the presence of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) without light irradiation. It was found that g-C3N4 was highly dispersed on the surface of AC with the increase of surface area and the exposition of more edges and defects. The much easier oxidation of C species in g-C3N4 to CO was also observed from XPS spectra. Acid Orange 7 (AO7) and other organic pollutants could be completely degraded by the g-C3N4/AC catalyst within 20 min with PMS, while g-C3N4+PMS and AC+PMS showed no significant activity for the reaction. The performance of the catalyst was significantly influenced by the amount of g-C3N4 loaded on AC; but was nearly not affected by the initial solution pH and reaction temperature. In addition, the catalysts presented good stability. A nonradical mechanism accompanied by radical generation (HO and SO4 -) in AO7 oxidation was proposed in the system. The CO groups play a key role in the process; while the exposure of more N-(C)3 group can further increase its electron density and basicity. This study can contribute to the development of green materials for sustainable remediation of aqueous organic pollutants. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Source

Li H.,Wuhan Textile University | Li H.,Engineering Research Center for Clean Production of Textile Dyeing and Printing | Xiong Z.,Engineering Research Center for Clean Production of Textile Dyeing and Printing | Dai X.,Engineering Research Center for Clean Production of Textile Dyeing and Printing | Zeng Q.,Engineering Research Center for Clean Production of Textile Dyeing and Printing
Dyes and Pigments

In order to investigate the impact of perspiration on photo-induced chemical reaction of azo dyes and the carcinogenic aromatic amine products produced from the reaction, we have carried out experimental studies on the photochemical reaction of C.I. Reactive Red 2 mixed with American Association of Textile Chemists and ColoristsAATCCstandard artificial perspiration. UV-vis spectroscopic technique was employed to monitor the reaction processes, and the reaction products were analyzed by hollow fiber protected liquid-liquid-liquid phase micro-extraction with capillary electrophoresisHF-LLLME-CE). The results showed that perspiration had remarkable influence on the photochemical reaction of azo dyes. Aromtic amines formed during the photochemical process as a result of reduction of azo dyes by organic components in perspiration. The HF-LLLME-CE methodology was validated in analyzing aromatic amines produced from the photochemical degradation of azo dye C.I. Reactive Red 2 and C.I. Acid Red 35 mixed with artificial perspiration. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Luo Y.,Nanjing University | Zhang S.,Nanjing University | Liu Z.-J.,Nanjing University | Chen W.,Nanjing University | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

A series of novel 1,3,4-thiadiazole derivatives bearing 1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine moiety were synthesized by the method of splicing active substructures. Among these derivatives, compounds 12, 13, 15-22 and 24-31 were firstly reported. All the compounds were assayed for antimicrobial activities against five fungi strains and four bacteria strains. The preliminary results indicated that compounds 25 and 28-31 showed good antifungal activities against Physaclospora piricola and Rhizoctonia solani. Compound 26 exhibited good antifungal activities against Cercospora beticola and R. solani. Most of the compounds showed better antibacterial activities against Gram-negative bacteria strains than Gram-positive bacteria strains. Compounds 25 and 28 showed the best activities against Pseudomonas fluorescence while compounds 30-31 showed good activities against Escherichia coli. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. Source

Fu J.,Nanjing University | Pan F.,Nanjing University | Pan F.,Engineering Research Center for Clean Production of Textile Dyeing and Printing | Song S.,Nanjing University | And 4 more authors.
Environmental Earth Sciences

To comparatively study the biodegradation of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in sewage sludge by composting with pig manure or with rice straw, four composting modes were designed: Mode 1 (sewage sludge + pig manure + intermittent aeration), Mode 2 (sewage sludge + pig manure + continuous aeration), Mode 3 (sewage sludge + rice straw + intermittent aeration) and Mode 4 (sewage sludge + rice straw + continuous aeration). Physicochemical parameters of composts were measured according to standard methods and PAEs were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The biodegradation of each PAE was also discussed. The results showed that Mode 1 was the best mode to biodegrade PAEs, which might be related to the wide class of indigenous microbial communities in pig manure and high efficiency of intermittent ventilation for providing oxygen. During the biodegradation process, di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate was the most abundant and decisive for the removal of total PAEs. It showed a first-order kinetic degradation model. In conclusion, composting with pig manure could be suggested as an effective detoxification process for the removal of PAEs from sewage sludge, providing a safe end product. © 2012 Springer-Verlag. Source

Chen W.,Engineering Research Center for Clean Production of Textile Dyeing and Printing | Chen W.,Nanjing University | Xiang F.,Huanggang Normal University | Fu J.,Nanjing University | And 3 more authors.
Asian Journal of Chemistry

In order to search novel fungicides with higher activity, 28 new 1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-α]pyrimidine derivatives bearing 1,2,4-triazole heterocycle were synthesized. Their structures were characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and elemental analyses. With triadimefon, validamycin and carbendazim as positive controls, the antifungal activities of 28 compounds against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum, Gibberella sanbinetti, Cercospora beticola Sacc., Physaclospora piricola and Rhizoctonia solani were evaluated. Compound 2-[(5-(2,6- difluorobenzylthio)-4- phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)methylthio]-5,7-dimethyl[1,2,4]triazolo[1, 5-α]pyrimidine (19) showed potent antifungal activities against G. sanbinetti, C. beticola, P. piricola and R. solani. On the basis of the biological results, structure-activity relationships of these compounds were also discussed. Source

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