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Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Marrocos S.T.P.,UFERSA | de Medeiros M.A.,UFERSA | Grangeiro L.C.,UFERSA | Torres S.B.,Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria do Rio Grande do Norte EMPARN | de Lucena R.R.M.,Engineering Agr
Revista Brasileira de Sementes | Year: 2011

The objective of this study was to determine the physiological maturity of buttennut squash seeds, cv. Menina Brasileira, in relation to fruit age. Seeds from fruits collected at 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 days after anthesis (DAA) were used. The squash plants were grown on the central campus of the Universidade Federal Rural do Semiárido, Mossoró, RN - Brazil, from December 2007 to March 2008. The harvested fruits were rested prior to seed extraction and determination of the water content and dry weight. The physiological quality of the seeds was evaluated from tests of germination, germination first count, emergence speed index and accelerated aging. The seed water content decreased from 76% to 49% during the study period. The seed physiological quality increased with fruit age, reaching physiological maturity at about 60 DAA. The fruits may be harvested between 50 and 60 DAA.

Xavier S.A.,State University Londrina | Fukami J.,State University Londrina | Miotto L.C.V.,Federal University of Lavras | Sobottka R.P.,State University Londrina | And 3 more authors.
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2012

Cupressus lusitanica Mill. is a multipurpose tree species with a high potential for wood production in Brazil. The main objective was to evaluate methods to dormancy break to promote seed germinationin C. lusitanica. The following treatments were used: T1 (intact seeds); T2 (soaking in water for 24 hours); T3 (soaking in water for 36 hours); T4 (stratification on 4 °C for 30 days); T5 (immersion in water for 8 hours + stratification on 4 °C for 30 days); T6 (immersion in water for 8 hours + stratification on 4 °C for 20 days); T7 (immersion for 12 hours + stratification on 4 °C for 20 days); T8 (soaking in hot water at 80C for 5 minutes); T9 (sulfuric acid soaking for 5 minutes). It was evaluated the percentage and germination speed (IVG). The resultsweresubmitted to ANOVA andmeanswere comparedusingthe Skott-Knott. The treatments T5, T2 and T7 showedhighergermination, and T7 higherspeedofgermination, thesecanberecommended for overcomingseeddormancyof C. lusitanica.

Marques O.J.,State University of Maringa | Filho P.S.V.,State University of Maringa | Scapim C.A.,State University of Maringa | Reche D.L.,Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development | And 2 more authors.
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2012

The objective this work was evaluate the commercial quality of grains of differents commercial corn hybrids as a function of grain moisture content during the harvest. The work was conducted in Astorga - PR, during the autumn/winter harvest of 2007 and the summer harvest of 2007/2008, evaluated three hybrids for harvest. The corn grain samples were collected in five distinguished periods and also in five replications, being underwent to moisture content determination at an oven heated to 103 ± 1 ° for 72 h. The samples were passed through metal sieves of circular sieve of 4.76 mm in diameter and then the waste is manually separated portions of the impurities, broken grain and grain damaged by insects. The data were submitted to analyses of variance and regression under a arrangement completely randomized design, The percentages of impurities were higher in crop moisture content higher. While the percentage of broken grains were lower, regardless of the hybrid and the trial period. The percentage of grain damaged by insects raised linearly with the reduction of moisture in corn grains, in all hybrids and in two evaluation periods. The moisture content between 22.0% and 26.0% (w.b.) proportionated the best quality of the corn grain, considered this humitidy band as the best moment to harvest grains.

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