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Supko E.M.,Energy Resources International Inc. | Waldrop K.,EPRI
14th International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference, IHLRWMC 2013: Integrating Storage, Transportation, and Disposal | Year: 2013

In 2010, EPRI performed a study of the accelerated transfer of spent fuel (SNF) from spent fuel storage pools (SFP) to dry storage. Following the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami and the subsequent accident at the Fukushima Daiichi NPP, some organizations issued a renewed call for of/loading SNF from SFPs to dry storage. Their reasoning was that this would lessen the potential consequences from a loss-of-SFP-cooling accident by decreasing the heat load and source term available for release. In 2012, EPRI issued an updated analysis that utilizes more realistic assumptions regarding the timing for accelerated transfer of SNF to dry storage, examines the challenges associated with accelerated transfer of SNF to dry storage, and evaluates the dose and cost impacts, and the reduction in SFP decay heat and source term associated with accelerated transfer of SNF to dry storage. That report is entitled, Impacts Associated with Transfer of Spent Nuclear Fuel from Spent Fuel Storage Pools to Dry Storage After Five Years of Cooling, Revision 1, #1025206 (EPRI 2012).


Supko E.M.,Energy Resources International Inc. | Machiels A.,EPRI | Sowder A.,EPRI
13th International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference 2011, IHLRWMC 2011 | Year: 2011

Growing global interest in nuclear power has spurred interest in fuel cycles beyond the current once-through fuel cycle utilized in the U.S. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has conducted several studies that compare the fuel cycle costs and waste management parameters of the current U.S. once-through fuel cycle with those associated with advanced fuel cycles that the U.S. may consider in the future. These economic modeling efforts can be used to help inform policy and technology development decisions regarding advanced fuel cycles. This paper evaluates and compares the costs for the following four fuel cycles: (1) Once-through; (2) Single-recycling of plutonium (Pu) as mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel in light water reactors (LWRs); (3) Multi-recycling of plutonium as MOX fuel in fast burner reactors (FRs); and (4) Multi-recycling of plutonium and minor actinides as MOX-FR fuel in fast breeder reactors.


Supko E.M.,Energy Resources International Inc. | Kessler J.H.,EPRI
13th International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference 2011, IHLRWMC 2011 | Year: 2011

A study published in the Spring 2003 issue of Science and Global Security, entitled "Reducing the Hazards from Stored Spent Power-Reactor Fuel in the United States, " concluded that the risks of a postulated terrorist attack targeting spent nuclear fuel (SNF) storage pools justified the transfer of all SNF cooled more than five years into dry storage.1 The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) reviewed this assessment and issued a white paper stating that it did not believe such a recommendation was justified in light of additional security measures implemented at nuclear plants and the associated impacts associated with the early movement of SNF into dry storage.2 While the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) agrees that moving SNF fuel into dry storage after five years is not justified, EPRI's members requested a study be made of the impacts of doing so. In this paper, EPRI examines the cost impacts and worker dose impacts associated with moving SNF to dry storage once it has cooled for five years, based on the results of an EPRI report, "Impacts Associated with Transfer of Spent Nuclear Fuel from Spent Fuel Storage Pools to Dry Storage After Five Years of Cooling, " that was published in November 2010 (EPRI 2010).3.


Trademark
Energy Resources International Inc. and Lowe And Garrick Inc. | Date: 1986-09-09

COMPUTER PROGRAMS RECORDED ON COMPUTER MEDIA.


Schwartz M.,Energy Resources International Inc. | Supko E.,Energy Resources International Inc.
Nuclear Engineering International | Year: 2011

Worldwide fuel fabrication capacity for light water reactor fuel exceeds demand, and is expected to remain through 2030, while China is planning to increase its indigenous capacity to support a portion of its own nuclear expansion. In September 2010, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) reported that 90% of all US nuclear power plants were operating without fuel failures, a significant improvement over 2007 when that figure was 70%. In an 2008 agreement with Kazatomprom, Areva will provide engineering support for the construction of fuel fabrication lines with an annual capacity of 1200 MTU at the Ulba Metallurgical Plant in Kazakhstan. Westinghouse and China's State Nuclear Baoti Zirconium Industry Company, Ltd. (SNZ) announced in 2009 a joint venture to build and operate a plant to produce nuclear grade zirconium sponge at Nantong in Jiangsu province. A fuel fabrication plant at Baotou in Inner Mongolla and now the China North Nuclear Fuel Co., fabricates fuel for two Canadian pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWRs) in China.

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