Energy Research Institute of National Development and Reform commission

Beijing, China

Energy Research Institute of National Development and Reform commission

Beijing, China
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Yi J.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | Zhao D.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion | Hu X.,Energy Research Institute of National Development and Reform Commission | Cai G.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion
Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning and Policy | Year: 2016

In order to tackle climate change, Guangdong has been chosen as an experimental province for low carbon transition by the Chinese government. To analyze the low carbon transition of the electricity sector in Guangdong, a techno-economic model is developed. By applying the model, the policies of CO2 tax and subsidy are analyzed first. Based on the analysis, an optimal integrated CO2 tax and subsidy policy is designed to exert positive pole and limit negative effects of a simple CO2 tax or subsidy policy. As a result, the development of renewable power can be incentivized efficiently and the development of coal-fired power plants can be inhibited. The CO2 emission per unit electricity supply can be reduced about 25.1% by 2020 compared with that in 2007.The cost of unit electricity supply will increase about 15.1%, which is close to that in a no-policy scenario and similar to the historical level. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Liu X.,Energy Research Institute of National Development and Reform Commission
Natural Gas Industry | Year: 2010

An analysis of present situation and characteristics of natural gas market development plays an important role in energy planning and strategy in China. A discussion on the situation of the development of China's natural gas market covers similarities with major developed countries, e.g., Japan, US, UK, and South Korea; the domestic natural gas resources is the motive for the natural gas market to step into the developing stage from the set up stage; natural gas pipeline facilities as the foundation for the rapid development of natural gas market; support of natural gas development from the government and oil companies; differences between China's natural gas market and that of other developed countries; expansion of the domestic gas market in the coastline regions of East China; completion of the national pipeline infrastructure; promoting the process of low carbon economy development in China; and development of renewable energy resources.


Tian L.,Energy Research Institute of National Development and Reform Commission | Liu X.,Energy Research Institute of National Development and Reform Commission | Yang G.,Energy Research Institute of National Development and Reform Commission | Yang J.,Energy Research Institute of National Development and Reform Commission
Natural Gas Industry | Year: 2013

The development of the U. S. shale gas industry is booming over the past decade, bringing changes to the energy structure not only in the states but even all over the world. However, the exploitation of shale gas imposes great risk upon environment, including land occupation and soil pollution, water consumption and contamination, air pollution, greenhouse gas emission, etc. This paper first analyzes the environmental risk control measures in the US shale gas development in the two aspects of government supervision and environmentally-friendly development technologies. The involved measures include a multi-level coordinated supervision system, the implementation of whole-process supervision and accordingly supplemented monitoring ways, and guidelines for mitigating the environmental risk in shale gas development. While in China, the shale gas development has to face problems such as land limitation, water resource shortage, potential pollution to environment etc.; therefore, environment supervision should be a significant way to ensure healthy development of shale gas industry in China, especially at the initial stage. In terms of government supervision, China should push forward the establishment of environment regulation system, with emphasis on dynamic environment appraisal system, environment protection fund, and efficient communication mechanism among the government, the industry and the general public. In terms of environmentally friendly technologies, China should not only learn good experiences from other countries, but meanwhile stimulate more independent research projects with the emphasis on water conservation, land saving and equipment downsizing.


Jingwei Y.,Anhui University of Science and Technology | Daiqing Z.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion | Xiulian H.,Energy Research Institute of National Development and Reform Commission | Guotian C.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion
Energy Engineering: Journal of the Association of Energy Engineering | Year: 2011

To address climate change, Guangdong has been chosen by the Chinese government as the setting of an experiment on low carbon transition. To analyze the transition, we investigated the development of the electricity supply system of Guangdong under different CO2 emission constraints. The investigation was carried out using a techno-economic model, built with the objective function of minimizing the total cost of the electricity supply system during the investigation. Results show that, considering costs, a 25% reduction (compared with 2007 levels) in CO2 emission from unit electricity supply by 2020 is possible. To achieve this target, several important actions are proposed. First, increasing the capacity of nuclear power plants to 24 GW may contribute 54.5% to CO2 emission reduction. Second, improving the efficiency of thermal power plants may contribute 33.6% to CO2 emission reduction; these efficiency measures include applying USC technology and decreasing the capacity of low-efficiency, coal-fired power plants by 8.6 GW. Third, exploiting up to 18 GW of renewable energy, mainly wind power, may contribute 4.6% to CO2emission reduction.


Yi J.,Hefei University of Technology | Zhao D.,Hefei University of Technology | Zhao D.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion | Hu X.,Energy Research Institute of National Development and Reform commission | Cai G.,CAS Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion
Journal of University of Science and Technology of China | Year: 2011

In order to tackle climate change, China has promised to reduce CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by 40%-45% in 2020 compared with that in 2005, and Guangdong must follow suit. A techno-economic model was built to analyze the structure, energy consumption and CO2 emission of Guangdong's electricity supply system in three scenarios with different CO2 reduction pressures until 2020. The result shows that it is a reasonable target for Guangdong to reduce about 25% of CO2 emissions per unit electricity supply in 2020 compared with that in 2005. The chief measures to achieve the target are as follows: continue developing nuclear power, increasing the electric power installed capacity from 5. 8% in 2007 to about 20% in 2020; phasing out thermal power stations with unit capacity less than 200 MW to a total of 8 000 MW, develop wind power, increasing the electric power installed capacity from 0. 4% in 2007 to more than 10%; and develop natural gas power appropriately.

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