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Consorzio Cetma and Enea | Date: 2017-03-29

Modified pultrusion process finalized to the insertion of wired sensors or actuators in composite components (10) manufactured by pultrusion technique and device therefore.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: GC.SST.2012.2-2. | Award Amount: 16.63M | Year: 2012

The CONVENIENT project targets a 30% reduction of fuel consumption in vehicles for long-distance freight transport by developing an innovative heavy-truck archetype featuring a suite of innovative energy-saving technologies and solutions. From the customer viewpoint, fuel efficiency is top priority because of its significant impact in terms of cost (in the EU, fuel represents about 30% of the Total Operating Costs for a 40-ton tractor-semitrailer combination). Responding to this challenge, the objective of CONVENIENT is to achieve complete vehicle energy management by proposing highly innovative solutions for improved efficiency and enhanced integration of components (currently designed independently) which will be developed, integrated and evaluated directly on validator vehicles, including: innovative energy efficient systems, including hybrid transmission, electrified auxiliaries, dual level cooling, parking HVAC energy harvesting devices, like photovoltaic solar roof for truck and semitrailer; advanced active and passive aerodynamics devices for the truck and for the semitrailer: an Holistic Energy Management system at vehicle level; a Predictive Driver Support to maximize the energy saving benefits. a novel Hybrid Kinetic Energy Recovery System for the semitrailer. The most relevant and novel aspect of CONVENIENT is represented by the holistic approach to on-board energy management, considering the tractor, semi-trailer, driver and the mission as a whole. The CONVENIENT Consortium, which comprises three major EU truck manufacturers, ten Tier 1/2 suppliers, and a network of nine research centres and Universities, representing European excellence in the field of long distance transport R&D, is uniquely well-qualified with respect to the project scope and the highly ambitious target of achieving 30% gains in vehicle efficiency.

Enea, Meccanotecnica Umbra S.P.A. and Sei Servizi Per Leconomia E Per Lingegneria Srl | Date: 2014-07-29

A hydraulic circuit associated with an internal combustion engine comprising a main cooling circuit of the engine provided with a circulation pump for a cooling fluid, and an auxiliary preheating circuit branched from the main circuit; the pump is a rotary volumetric pump dimensioned so as to generate, at least during a warm-up transient of the engine, a flow rate greater than that required for the cooling of the engine; at least one fraction of the flow rate generated by the pump is sent to the auxiliary circuit where it recovers heat from a fluid at higher temperature, such as the exhaust gases and/or the supercharging compressed air of the engine, and gives it to a fluid at lower temperature, such as for example the engine oil or the passenger compartment air.

STAMICARBON B.V. acting under the name of MT INNOVATION CENTER, Enea and YEDA RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Co. | Date: 2013-05-10

Method for modifying a solar thermal power plant operating on conventional oil based technology into a hybrid solar thermal power plant, wherein the method comprises:

Giuliano G.,ENEA
Current Opinion in Plant Biology | Year: 2014

Carotenoids are present in plant photosynthetic tissues, where they have essential roles in photoreception and photoprotection, as well as in non-photosynthetic tissues, where they act as colorants, precursors for plant isoprenoid volatiles and signaling molecules (abscisic acid and strigolactones), nutritional antioxidants and vitamin A precursors. This review presents the recent advances in our understanding of their biosynthesis, the key metabolic steps controlling their accumulation in plant non-photosynthetic tissues and their metabolic engineering using multi-gene approaches. © 2014 The Author.

The organization of carbon nanotubes is an important but challenging issue. This Minireview focuses on a novel approach based on the use of liquid crystals as host for nanotube dispersion and ordering. With these self-organizing fluids it is possible to control the nanotube orientation on a macroscopic scale, as the orientational order of the liquid crystal, the direction of which can easily be selected and dynamically modulated, is transferred onto embedded carbon nanotubes. Both main classes of liquid crystals, thermotropics and lyotropics, have been used successfully. This reveals an aligning mechanism resulting from the liquid crystallinity per se, independent of specific molecular structures, although these can affect the degree of order and the quality of the tube dispersion. The enormous variety of systems that form liquid crystalline phases provides additional strength and potentialities to the liquidcrystal-based route towards nanotube alignment. The exploration of this new use of liquid crystals has just started, hence we can expect exciting developments in the years to come. © 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Conte M.,ENEA
Fuel Cells | Year: 2010

The supercapacitors (SCs), also called ultracapacitors or electrochemical capacitors, are devices with a very high specific power and high capacitance, available for a long period of time with negligible deterioration, that have been historically proposed in small applications (memory back-up in consumer electronics and storage systems for microsolar power generators) and now are proposed for high power/energy applications, such as hybrid and electric vehicles, power quality systems and smart grids. The advancements in new materials and the rapid growth ofmore demanding storage systems in a variety of applications have created a lack of universally accepted definitions of these devices and, consequently, a real difficulty in describing developments and progress in the SC field. This paper contains a brief survey of the history of the SC development, which is strongly related to the evolution of the SC technologies, tentatively classified in symmetric, asymmetric and hybrid. A short presentation of key parameters has been given to introduce the description of new applications with large SC devices, covering transport, industrial and electric utility sectors, with some reflections about the foreseen impacts on the future market more than quadrupled in 5 years up to almost $877 million worldwide. © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Tosti S.,ENEA
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy | Year: 2010

Membrane reactors for producing hydrogen are devices coupling a membrane and a catalyst bed: they perform simultaneously both the reaction and the hydrogen separation. In this way, reaction conversions beyond the thermodynamic values can be attained (shift effect). In particular, Pd-based dense membranes are capable to separate selectively the hydrogen from other gases. Their use into membrane reactors which carry out dehydrogenation reactions permits producing ultra-pure hydrogen. This review considers the techniques of manufacturing Pd-based membranes, the design of membrane reactor modules and the processes for producing pure hydrogen via reforming of hydrocarbons and alcohols. Mainly, the work carried out at ENEA Frascati laboratories and a comparative description of other relevant technologies are considered in this paper. © 2010 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Enea | Date: 2014-02-12

The present patent for invention is aimed at protecting a system of separation and/or filtering, preferably to be used within the field of compressors, intended for the reciprocal separation of at least two components of a mixture composed of at least two substances at least partially in the fluid state, which allows a significantly higher efficiency to be achieved in the overall separation of said mixture with respect to known solutions, and which also comprises an efficient as well as simple method of recovery of at least one of said substances or species separated.

Stamicarbon B.V. Acting Under The Name Of Mt Innovation Center and Enea | Date: 2014-03-18

Disclosed is a storage tank for molten salts, preferably of the thermocline type. The tank is provided with an insulation on the inside, which is provided by molten salts captured and retained in an appropriate metal structure. The metal structure has openings allowing molten salts to flow into it, and may consist of metal supports that hold elements which allow retaining molten salts, such as a structured packing, metal boxes, or gutter wall.

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