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Firenze, Italy

Palmucci S.,Sezione di Science Radiologiche | Mauro L.A.,Sezione di Science Radiologiche | La Scola S.,Sezione di Science Radiologiche | Incarbone S.,Unita Operativa di Gastroenterologia Ed Endoscopia Digestiva | And 4 more authors.
Radiologia Medica | Year: 2010

Purpose: This study compared the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in evaluating the cause of extrahepatic bile duct dilatation. Materials and methods: Forty-five patients (26 men, mean age 57 years) with extrahepatic biliary dilatation, as shown by transabdominal ultrasound, with or without elevated biliary and pancreatic serum indices, were prospectively studied with MRCP and EUS between September 2007 and October 2008. EUS and MRCP were performed within no more than 24 h of each other to reduce the possibility of changes due to stone migration. Image analysis was carried out in a double-blind fashion. Results: MRCP had 88.9% diagnostic accuracy, 91.9% sensitivity and 75% specificity, with 94.4% positive predictive value and 66.7% negative predictive value. EUS had 93.3% diagnostic accuracy, 97.3% sensitivity and 75% specificity; the positive and negative predictive values were 94.7% and 85.7%, respectively. Conclusions: MRCP and EUS do not show significant statistical differences in diagnostic accuracy. MRCP is an accurate, noninvasive modality in the study of extrahepatic biliary pathology. EUS is especially reliable in patients with extrahepatic biliary obstruction caused by endoluminal sludge. © 2010 Springer-Verlag Italia. Source

Frazzoni M.,Fisiopatologia Digestiva | Conigliaro R.,Endoscopia digestiva | Colli G.,Chirurgia Generale | Melotti G.,Chirurgia Generale
Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques | Year: 2012

Background Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) is a technically demanding surgical procedure designed to cure gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It represents an alternative to life-long medical therapy and the only recommended treatment modality to overcome refractoriness to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. The recent development of robotic systems prompted evaluation of their use in antireflux surgery. Between 1997 and 2000, in a PPI-responsive series we found postoperative normalization of esophageal acid exposure time (EAET) in most but not all cases. Between 2007 and 2009, in a PPI-refractory series we found postoperative normalization of EAET in all cases. We decided to analyze retrospectively our prospectively collected data to evaluate whether differences other than the conventional or robot-assisted technique could justify postoperative differences in acid reflux parameters. Methods Baseline demographic, endoscopic, and manometric parameters were compared between the two series of patients, as well as postoperative manometric and acid reflux parameters. Results There were no significant differences in the baseline demographic, endoscopic, and manometric characteristics between the two groups of patients. The median lower esophageal sphincter tone increased significantly, and the median EAET decreased significantly after conventional as well as after robot-assisted LNF. The median postoperative EAET was significantly lower in the robot-assisted (0.2%) than in the conventional LNF group (1%; P = 0.001). Abnormal EAET values were found in 6 of 44 (14%) and in 0 of 44 cases after conventional and robot-assisted LNF, respectively (P = 0.026). Conclusions Robot-assisted LNF provided a significant gain in postoperative acid reflux parameters compared with the conventional technique. In a challenging clinical setting, such as PPI-refractoriness, inwhich the efficacy of endoscopic or pharmacological treatment modalities is only moderate, even a small therapeutic gain can be clinically relevant. In centers where robot-assisted LNF is available, it should be preferred to conventional LNF in PPI-refractory GERD. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Frazzoni M.,Fisiopatologia Digestiva | Manta R.,Endoscopia digestiva | Mirante V.G.,Endoscopia digestiva | Conigliaro R.,Endoscopia digestiva | And 2 more authors.
Neurogastroenterology and Motility | Year: 2013

Background: Impedance-pH monitoring allows assessment of retrograde and antegrade intra-esophageal movement of fluids and gas. Reflux is followed by volume clearance and chemical clearance, elicited by secondary and swallow-induced peristalsis, respectively. We aimed to assess whether chemical clearance is impaired in gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). Methods: Blinded retrospective review of impedance-pH tracings from patients with erosive reflux disease (ERD) and non-erosive reflux disease (NERD), and from proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-refractory patients before and after laparoscopic fundoplication. The number of refluxes followed within 30 s by swallow-induced peristaltic waves was divided by the number of total refluxes to obtain a parameter representing chemical clearance namely the postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index. Key Results: The PSPW index was significantly lower in 31 ERD (15%) and in 44 NERD (33%) off-PPI patients than in 30 controls (75%), as well as in 18 ERD (16%) and in 48 NERD (31%) on-PPI patients than in 26 on-PPI functional heartburn (FH) cases (67%) (P < 0.05 for all comparisons). In 29 PPI-refractory patients, the median PSPW index was unaltered by otherwise effective antireflux surgery (20% postoperatively, 21% preoperatively). The overall sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive values of the PSPW index in identifying GERD patients were 97%, 89%, 96%, and 93%. Conclusions & Inferences: Impairment of chemical clearance is a primary pathophysiological mechanism specific to GERD: it is unaffected by medical/surgical therapy, is not found in FH, and is more pronounced in ERD than in NERD. Using the PSPW index could improve the diagnostic efficacy of impedance-pH monitoring. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Zorzi M.,Registro Tumori del Veneto | Giorgi Rossi P.,Servizio Interaziendale Epidemiologia | Cogo C.,Registro Tumori del Veneto | Falcini F.,Unita Operativa di Prevenzione Oncologica | And 33 more authors.
Preventive Medicine | Year: 2014

Objective: The purpose of this parallel randomised controlled trial was to compare compliance with different modalities used to invite patients with a positive immunochemical faecal occult blood test (FIT. +) for a total colonoscopy (TC). Method: FIT. + patients from nine Italian colorectal cancer screening programmes were randomised to be invited for a TC initially by mail or by phone and, for non-compliers, to be recalled by mail, for counselling with a general practitioner, or to meet with a specialist screening practitioner (nurse or healthcare assistant). Results: In all, 3777 patients were randomised to different invitation strategies. Compliance with an initial invitation by mail and by phone was similar (86.0% vs. 84.0%, relative risk - RR: 1.02; 95%CI 0.97-1.08). Among non-responders to the initial invitation, compliance with a recall by appointment with a specialist practitioner was 50.4%, significantly higher than with a mail recall (38.1%; RR:1.33; 95%CI 1.01-1.76) or with a face-to-face counselling with the GP (30.8%; RR:1.45;95%CI 1.14-1.87). Conclusion: Compliance with an initial invitation for a TC by mail and by phone was similar. A personal meeting with a specialist screening practitioner was associated with the highest compliance among non-compliers with initial invitations, while the involvement of GPs in this particular activity seemed less effective. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

Frazzoni M.,Fisiopatologia Digestiva | Piccoli M.,Chirurgia Generale | Conigliaro R.,Endoscopia digestiva | Manta R.,Endoscopia digestiva | And 2 more authors.
Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques | Year: 2013

Background: Some patients with typical (heartburn/regurgitation) symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are refractory to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. Impedance-pH monitoring can identify PPI-refractory patients who could benefit from laparoscopic fundoplication, but outcome data are scarce. We aimed to assess whether PPI-refractory GERD as diagnosed by impedance-pH monitoring can be cured by laparoscopic fundoplication. Methods: Forty-four consecutive GERD patients with heartburn/regurgitation refractory to high-dose PPI therapy entered a 3-year outcome assessment following robot-assisted laparoscopic fundoplication. Preoperative on-PPI impedance-pH diagnostic criteria consisted of positive symptom association probability (SAP)/symptom index (SI), and/or abnormal percentage esophageal acid exposure time (%EAET), and/or abnormal number of total refluxes. GERD cure was defined by 3-year postoperative off-PPI normal impedance-pH findings with persistent symptom remission. Results: Preoperatively, 24 of 38 (63 %) patients who completed the outcome assessment had a positive SAP/SI, 20 of 38 (53 %) for weakly acidic refluxes; 3 of 38 (8 %) patients had an abnormal %EAET, 11 of 38 (29 %) an abnormal number of total refluxes only. Postoperatively, heartburn/regurgitation recurred in 3 patients; abnormal impedance-pH findings were found in two of them, and they responded to PPI therapy. GERD cure was achieved in 34 of 38 (89 %) patients, 11 of 11 with an abnormal number of total refluxes as the only preoperative abnormal impedance-pH finding. Postoperatively, there was a significant decrease of the %EAET (1 vs. 0.1 %, P = 0.002) and of the number of total refluxes (68 vs. 8, P = 0.001), with the latter finding mainly due to a decrease in the number of weakly acidic refluxes. Conclusions: Normal reflux parameters and persistent symptom remission at 3-year follow-up can be achieved with laparoscopic fundoplication in the majority of patients with PPI-refractory GERD as diagnosed by impedance-pH monitoring. On-PPI impedance-pH diagnostic criteria should include SAP/SI positivity, an abnormal %EAET, and an abnormal number of total refluxes. Weakly acidic refluxes have a major role in the pathogenesis of PPI-refractory GERD. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

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