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Terzolo M.,Endocrine Oncology and Nuclear Medicine | Baudin A.E.,Endocrine Oncology and Nuclear Medicine | Ardito A.,Endocrine Oncology and Nuclear Medicine | Kroiss M.,University of Würzburg | And 13 more authors.
European Journal of Endocrinology | Year: 2013

Context: Mitotane plasma concentrations R14 mg/l have been shown to predict tumor response and better survival in patients with advanced adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). A correlation between mitotane concentrations and patient outcome has not been demonstrated in an adjuvant setting. Objective: To compare recurrence-free survival (RFS) in patients who reached and maintained mitotane concentrations R14 mg/l vs patients who did not. Design and setting: Retrospective analysis at six referral European centers. Patients: Patients with ACC who were radically resected between 1995 and 2009 and were treated adjuvantly with mitotane targeting concentrations of 14-20 mg/l. Main outcome measures: RFS (primary) and overall survival (secondary). Results: Of the 122 patients included, 63 patients (52%) reached and maintained during a median follow-up of 36 months the target mitotane concentrations (group 1) and 59 patients (48%) did not (group 2). ACC recurrence was observed in 22 patients of group 1 (35%) and 36 patients in group 2 (61%). In multivariable analysis, the maintenance of target mitotane concentrations was associated with a significantly prolonged RFS (hazard ratio (HR) of recurrence: 0.418, 0.22-0.79; PZ0.007), while the risk of death was not significantly altered (HR: 0.59, 0.26-1.34; PZ0.20). Grades 3-4 toxicity was observed in 11 patients (9%) and was managed with temporary mitotane discontinuation. None of the patients discontinued mitotane definitively for toxicity. Conclusions: Mitotane concentrations R14 mg/l predict response to adjuvant treatment being associated with a prolonged RFS. A monitored adjuvant mitotane treatment may benefit patients after radical removal of ACC. © 2013 European Society of Endocrinology.

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