Endocannabinoid Research Group ERG

Napoli, Italy

Endocannabinoid Research Group ERG

Napoli, Italy
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Piscitelli F.,National Research Council Italy | Piscitelli F.,Endocannabinoid Research Group ERG | Pagano E.,University of Naples Federico II | Pagano E.,Endocannabinoid Research Group ERG | And 6 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2017

Cannabis has been known as a medicine for several thousand years across many cultures and its beneficial effects are mostly due to the presence of cannabinoids, unique natural products, whose pharmacology is going to gain increasing interest in the scientific community. The discovery of the main psychoactive constituent of Cannabis sativa L., Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), led to the identification of at least 100 additional phytocannabinoids, including cannabidiol (CBD), cannabidivarin (CBDV), Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (Δ9-THCV), and cannabigerol (CBG). These molecules are gaining growing interest for their medical properties; however, further research is needed to assess the differences in their pharmacokinetic and pharmacodymanic profiles. The aim of this study was to set up a rapid and accurate method, by using the LC-MS-IT-TOF technology, to detect and quantify CBD, CBDV, Δ9-THCV, and CBG in biological matrices. Data show that the method developed here is linear in the calibration range; recoveries from mouse tissues were in the 50-60% range and sensitivity was 2 ng/mL for CBDV, 4 ng/mL for CBG and THCV, and 7 ng/mL for CBD. The method is rapid, precise and accurate, and it will represent a fundamental tool to evaluate the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of selected phytocannabinoids in tissues from different animal models, and develop new cannabinoid-based medicine. © 2017 American Chemical Society.


Rossi F.,The Second University of Naples | Bellini G.,The Second University of Naples | Torella M.,The Second University of Naples | Tortora C.,The Second University of Naples | And 10 more authors.
British Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2014

Background and Purpose Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in bone density, which decreases its strength and results in fragile bones. The endocannabinoid/endovanilloid system has been shown to be involved in the regulation of skeletal remodelling. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible modulation of bone mass mediated by the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 channel (TRPV1) in vivo and in vitro. Experimental Approach A multidisciplinary approach, including biomolecular, biochemical and morphological analysis, was used to investigate the involvement of TRPV1 in changes in bone density in vivo and osteoclast activity in vitro, in wild-type and Trpv1-/- mice, that had undergone ovariectomy or had a sham operation. Key Results Genetic deletion of Trpv1 as well as pharmacological inhibition/desensitization of TRPV1 signalling dramatically reduced the osteoclast activity in vitro and prevented the ovariectomy-induced bone loss in vivo, whereas the expression of cannabinoid type 2 (CB2) receptors was increased. Conclusions and Implications These findings highlight the pivotal role TRPV1 channels play in bone resorption and suggest a possible cross-talk between TRPV1 and CB2 receptors. Based on these results, hybrid compounds acting on both TRPV1 and CB2 receptors in an opposite manner could provide a future pharmacological tool for the treatment of diseases associated with disturbances in the bone remodelling process. Linked Articles This article is part of a themed section on the pharmacology of TRP channels. To view the other articles in this section visit http://dx.doi.org/10. 1111/bph.2014.171.issue-10 © 2013 The British Pharmacological Society.


Rossi F.,The Second University of Naples | Rossi F.,IRCCS Bambino Gesu Children Hospital | Bernardo M.E.,IRCCS Bambino Gesu Children Hospital | Bellini G.,The Second University of Naples | And 19 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Mesenchymal stromal cells are non-hematopoietic, multipotent progenitor cells producing cytokines, chemokines, and extracellular matrix proteins that support hematopoietic stem cell survival and engraftment, influence immune effector cell development, maturation, and function, and inhibit alloreactive T-cell responses. The immunosuppressive properties of human mesenchymal stromal cells have attracted much attention from immunologists, stem cell biologists and clinicians. Recently, the presence of the endocannabinoid system in hematopoietic and neural stem cells has been demonstrated. Endocannabinoids, mainly acting through the cannabinoid receptor subtype 2, are able to modulate cytokine release and to act as immunosuppressant when added to activated T lymphocytes. In the present study, we have investigated, through a multidisciplinary approach, the involvement of the endocannabinoids in migration, viability and cytokine release of human mesenchymal stromal cells. We show, for the first time, that cultures of human mesenchymal stromal cells express all of the components of the endocannabinoid system, suggesting a potential role for the cannabinoid CB2 receptor as a mediator of anti-inflammatory properties of human mesenchymal stromal cells, as well as of their survival pathways and their capability to home and migrate towards endocannabinoid sources. © 2013 Rossi et al.

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