Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2009.5.1.1 | Award Amount: 6.06M | Year: 2010
In post-combustion CO2 capture, a main bottleneck causing significant reduction in power plant efficiency and preventing cost effectiveness is the low flue gas CO2 partial pressure, limiting membrane flux, solvent selection and capacity. In pre-combustion CO2 capture, key bottlenecks are number of processing steps, possible low hydrogen pressure, and high hydrogen fraction in the fuel Global deployment of CO2 capture is restrained by a general need for prior removal of SO2. iCap seeks to remove these barriers by developing new technologies with potential for reducing the current energy penalty to 4-5% points in power plant efficiency, to combine SO2 and CO2 removal, and to reduce the avoidance cost to 15 /tonne CO2. iCap will: Develop solvents forming CO2 hydrates or two liquid phases enabling drastically increased liquid phase CO2 capacity, radically decreasing solvent circulation rates, introducing a new regime in desorption energy requirement, and allowing CO2 desorption at elevated pressures; Develop combined SO2 and CO2 capture systems increasing dramatically the potential for large scale deployment of CCS in BRIC countries and for retrofit in Europe. Develop high permeability/ high selectivity low temperature polymer membranes, by designing ultra thin composite membranes from a polymeric matrix containing ceramic nano particles. Develop mixed proton-electron conducting dense ceramic-based H2 membranes offering the combined advantages of theoretically infinite selectivity, high mechanical strength and good stability. Develop and evaluate novel coal and gas-based power cycles that allows post-combustion CO2 captures at elevated pressures, thus reducing the separation costs radically. Integrate the improved separation technologies in brownfield and greenfield power plants, and in novel power cycles in order to meet the performance and cost targets of the project
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.6.5 | Award Amount: 4.54M | Year: 2010
The MIRABEL projects main goal is to develop a conceptual and infrastructural approach that allows energy distribution companies to efficiently manage higher amounts of renewable energy and balance supply and demand. Currently, most renewable energy sources (RES; e.g. windmills, solar panels) pose the challenge that the production depends on external factors, such as wind speed and direction, the amount of sunlight, etc. Hence, available power from RES can only be predicted but not planned, which makes it difficult for energy distributors to efficiently include RES into their daily schedules. As an unfortunate consequence, power from RES often has to be given away for free due to a lack of demand.\n\nThe objectives of the MIRABEL consortium are as follows:\n1. We will develop a model of actors with certain roles in the energy market and specify data to be exchanged between these actors.\n\n2. We will develop a concept of micro-requests to handle the energy demand and supply on a household level, together with methods\n- to forecast demand and supply based on historical and additional data, such as weather forecasts (both on a small scale, i.e. for households, and on a larger scale), and to update these predictions over time,\n- to aggregate and disaggregate the micro-requests on a regional level, and\n- to schedule energy production and consumption based on aggregated requests.\n\n3. We will design a distributed, decentralised and scalable infrastructure to handle the high data load from the mass of households. A prototypical system architecture and its revision will be developed.\n\n4. In order to test and demonstrate our approach, we will implement a demonstration system with the help of concrete trial scenarios and real-world data. These include a Transmission System Operator trial, a Local Distributor of Energy trial, and a community consumer trial.\n\n5. Standardised data exchange is required between consumers and brokers; between producers and brokers; among brokers themselves; and between brokers, large producers/consumers and grid operators. Standardisation is pursued throughout the project.\n\nThe project is led by SAP Research (Germany), a group that is very active in the area of advanced analytics and infrastructure development. SAP Research is associated to SAP, the worlds leading provider of BI solutions. With Aalborg Universitet (Denmark), TU Dresden (Germany), and the Joef Stefan Institute (Slovenia), the consortium includes two academic partners with a strong research background in data management and one leading research institute for applied research. The use case partners Energie Baden-Wrttemberg AG (Germany) and CRES (Greece) provide real data and facilities for testing. INEA (Slovenia) acts as a technology provider and contributes strong expertise in the energy sector. TNO (Netherlands) is a research organisation with experience in standardisation and utilities projects.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: LCE-03-2015 | Award Amount: 25.07M | Year: 2016
DESTRESS is aimed at creating EGS (Enhanced geothermal systems) reservoirs with sufficient permeability, fracture orientation and spacing for economic use of underground heat. The concepts are based on experience in previous projects, on scientific progress and developments in other fields, mainly the oil & gas sector. Recently developed stimulation methods will be adapted to geothermal needs, applied to new geothermal sites and prepared for the market uptake. Understanding of risks in each area (whether technological, in business processes, for particular business cases, or otherwise), risk ownership, and possible risk mitigation will be the scope of specific work packages. The DESTRESS concept takes into account the common and specific issues of different sites, representative for large parts of Europe, and will provide a generally applicable workflow for productivity enhancement measures. The main focus will be on stimulation treatments with minimized environmental hazard (soft stimulation), to enhance the reservoir in several geological settings covering granites, sandstones, and other rock types. The business cases will be shown with cost and benefit estimations based on the proven changes of the system performance, and the environmental footprint of treatments and operation of the site will be controlled. In particular, the public debate related to fracking will be addressed by applying specific concepts for the mitigation of damaging seismic effects while constructing a productive reservoir and operating a long-term sustainable system. Industrial participation is particularly pronounced in DESTRESS, including large energy suppliers as well as SMEs in the process of developing their sites. The composition of the consortium involving major knowledge institutes as well as key industry will guarantee the increase in technology performance of EGS as well as an accelerated time to market.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.7.2-1 | Award Amount: 5.25M | Year: 2012
The growing share of electricity generation from intermittent renewable energy sources as well as increasing market-based cross border flows and related physical flows are leading to rising uncertainties in transmission network operation. In the mainland central Europe synchronous area due to large installations of renewable energy generation such as wind and photovoltaic, the difference between actual physical flows and the market exchanges can be very substantial. Remedial actions were identified by previous smart grid studies within the 6th European framework program in operational risk assessment, flow control and operational flexibility measures for this area. At the same time an efficient and sustainable electricity system requires an efficient usage of existing and future transmission capacities to provide a maximum of transportation possibilities. New interconnections and devices for load flow control will be integrated in future transmission networks and will offer new operational options. Further developments of coordinated grid security tools are one of the major challenges TSOs will face in future. The methods to be applied have to take into account all technological measures to enhance flexibility of power system operations. The zonal structure of the European energy market along with the legal responsibilities of TSOs for different system areas will continue to pose increasingly complex requirements to the system operators concerning the quality and accuracy of cooperation. The proposed UMBRELLA research and demonstration project is designed for coping with these challenging issues and boundary conditions. The toolbox to be developed will enable TSOs to ensure secure grid operation also in future electricity networks with high penetration of intermittent renewables. It enables TSOs to act in a coordinated European target system where regional strategies converge to ensure the best possible use of the European electricity infrastructure.
WasserWirtschaft | Year: 2015
The Iffezheim hydropower plant was commissioned in 1978. Due to it being designed for approximately 180 days of exceedance, the plant was predestined to be extended by a 5th unit right from the beginning. Several attempts to start planning failed because of the profitability of such a project, which became possible only in the wake by the German Renewable Energy Act for large-scale hydropower plants. After two planning phases that were very difficult, the construction of the 5th turbine was launched in the beginning of 2009. Not only was the realisation of the building pits in extremely small spaces very complex, but there were also various problems that had considerable repercussions on the time of construction and the execution of construction work. Unusual solutions in the unit's technology finally led to a successful result, which fully met the expectations in terms of production and availability.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.5&6.2-1 | Award Amount: 13.56M | Year: 2012
OCTAVIUS aims to demonstrate integrated concepts for zero emission power plants covering all the components needed for power generation as well as CO2 capture and compression. Operability and flexibility of first generation post combustion processes are demonstrated by TNO, EnBW and ENEL pilot plants in order to prepare full scale demo projects such as the ROAD and Porto Tolle projects that will start in 2015. OCTAVIUS will establish detailed guidelines with relevant data on emissions, HSE, and other operability, flexibility and cost aspects. In addition, OCTAVIUS includes the demonstration of the DMX process on the ENEL pilot plant in Brindisi. This second generation capture process can enable a substantial reduction of the energy penalty and operational cost. The demonstration is an essential step before the first full scale demonstration envisaged to be launched at the end of OCTAVIUS. Application to coal power stations but also NGCC will be considered. OCTAVIUS builds forward on previous FP6 and FP7 CCS projects such as CASTOR and CESAR. The main coordinating research institutes and industrial partners of these projects also take part in OCTAVIUS. Results of the clean coal research are provided by end-users, engineering companies and technology vendors partnering in OCTAVIUS. Each of the demo sub-projects (SP2 and SP3) is led by a power company. The demo sub-projects are supported by work packages in SP1 dealing with RTD support activities and common issues. Two work packages in SP0 are dedicated to management and dissemination actions respectively. The latter work package includes contacting stakeholders outside OCTAVIUS. OCTAVIUS gathers the leading organisations within the field of CCS and clean coal, covering the whole value chain from research institutes to end-users. The consortium consists of 5 research organisations, 2 universities, 1 SME, 1 engineering company, 2 equipment suppliers, and 6 power generators.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.3.7-1 | Award Amount: 7.10M | Year: 2012
Increasing the share of biomass for renewable energy in Europe demands conversion pathways which are economic, flexible in feedstock and energy efficient. The BioBoost project concentrates on dry and wet residual biomass and wastes as feedstock for de-central conversion by fast pyrolysis, catalytic pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonisation to the intermediate energy carriers oil, coal or slurry. Based on straw the energy density increases from 2 to 20-31 GJ/m3, enabling central GW scale gasification plants for biofuel production. The catalytic pyrolysis reduces oxygenates in the oil to 13% enabling power and refinery applications. The fast pyrolysis and HTC processes of demo-size (0.5-1 t/h) are optimized for feedstock flexibility, yield, quality and further upscaling is studied. A logistic model for feedstock supply and connection of de-central with central conversion is set up and validated allowing the determination of costs, the number and location of de-central and central sites. Techno/economic and environmental assessment of the value chain supports the optimisation of products and processes. Application of energy carriers is investigated in existing and coming applications of heat and power production, synthetic fuels&chemicals and as biocrude for refineries. Promising pathways will be demonstrated over the whole chain. A market implementation scheme of ramping up energy carrier production and subsequent phase in of large scale gasification is developed regarding optimal technical and economic performance. Separation of nutrients and chemicals further increase economics. Seven industrial companies, three of which SME and six R&D institutions from 7 European countries cover expertise along the complete chain: Feedstock, conversion processes, separation and upgrading, transport & logistics, end usage and value chain assessment. Conversion plants in demonstration size will enable the proof of concept and further up-scaling to commercial size.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: NMP.2013.4.0-6 | Award Amount: 1.33M | Year: 2013
The importance of aging of infrastructures, networks and industrial plants will continue to increase because of (a) need to continue operation of these infrastructures, networks and plants beyond the design life-time, (b) need to operate under changed conditions and (c) the increased role of existing plants in the optimized (smart) supply and utility networks of the future, e.g. as fall-back supply. The effective agreed strategies to address aging issues are yet to be developed and consistently applied. The project, SafeLife-X, will contribute to creating consensus on aging management including potential cascading and/or ripple effects. It will, thus, satisfy the demand within various industrial sectors and help match the EU Grand Challenges and the EU-2020 Strategy, and achieve goals of main stakeholders (e.g. EC, OECD, ECTP, ETPIS). The project will create a multi-disciplinary / multi-sector community able to answer the key issues related aging at EU & International level. The consortium includes members of the EU Technology Platforms ECTP (construction) and ETPIS (industrial safety) and a group of 25 experts to complement the expertise needed, and will be open to all interested parties. This community will meet, share experience and prepare a common vision for the future and main elements needed to realize it. The project will capitalize on best practices of modeling, asset integrity management, decision making, and cost-benefit analysis. CEN Workshop Agreement(s) will be initiated in the course of the project and the development of one European Standard (EN) on Risk-Based Inspection Framework pursued. New projects will propose input for Horizon 2020 within the Strategic Research Agenda & Roadmap. SafeLife-X will explore the issue of aging as an opportunity for new technologies, services and businesses primarily in service and construction sectors, the latter being the largest EU industrial employer representing 9.9% of the GDP and 14.9 million operatives.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2010.8.1-1 | Award Amount: 5.06M | Year: 2010
Low-temperature process waste heat is primarily valorized to provide heat to other applications and, more rarely, to provide cooling or to produce electricity, which is often perceived to be less attractive. However, generating electricity does represent a rational alternative, since it may circumvent drawbacks linked to demand seasonality and location. The LOVE project aims at developing innovative technological solutions to generate electricity from low-temperature (< 120C) waste heat sources identified within various industrial processes, in general, and specifically in the cement industry which is among the more energy-intensive applications worldwide. Innovative thermodynamic cycles will be investigated while existing ones will be optimized. Advanced solutions for heat exchangers operating in hostile environments will be developed along with a particularly efficient turbine solution. A systemic approach will be implemented using a computer-aided tool providing for overall system optimization. Two small and mobile demonstration units will be built and tested in a partner laboratory and again installed and tested at two partner industrial sites. Further applications of the proposed technological solutions to other energy-hungry industrial sectors and to the waste heat recovery on CHP plants will also be evaluated. This project will result in important advances in applied cycle thermodynamics, as well as in industrial system modeling and optimization, thus allowing for significant technological developments which will be applied to the cement production sector. The constitution of the consortium partners ensures an excellent cross-fertilization towards the realization of the project objectives. The consortium combines the strengths of leading actors in the industrial sector of interest, of equipment manufacturers active in the segment, and of academic organizations with active research on-going in the field, along with two major European energy providers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2008.7.2.3 | Award Amount: 4.14M | Year: 2009
Five Transmission System Operators (Belgium, France, Germany and Spain) together with seven RTD performers propose a 3 year research and demonstration project to compare pros and cons of new market designs aiming at the integration of massive intermittent energy sources dispersed in several regional power markets. Under the technical coordination of RTE, they will implement a novel network/system/market modelling approach to provide the consortium with an open simulation platform able to exhibit the comparative benefits of several market design options. Such options may originate either from anyone of the four studied markets or from partners that have already worked for the UK or Danish electric systems. Market participants and TSO are players of such a simulation: each area is represented by aggregated realistic data over one year and system security rules are fulfilled at any time. The demonstration tasks require data with appropriate non disclosure agreements, in order to address first the market behaviour of fully rational players, and next the impact of non optimal behaviours, using agent modelling. Results will be compared (possibly ranked) before being packaged and presented to the TSO community and regulatory authorities for analysis of the platform potential and trustworthiness of the simulation results. This demonstration will be complemented by intensive dissemination activities towards the TSO community within EU27 and beyond, with dedicated trainings to accompany the take-up of the simulation platform. An exploitation agreement is proposed to further improve and expand the platform within the pan European TSO community, beyond the end of this project. Such a platform will help developing technical and regulatory solutions compatible with a virtual single European Grid and regional network management processes by assessing, through combined network and market modelling, the expected outputs of new market designs in support of the 2020 EU27 targets.