Enbridge, Inc. is an energy delivery company based in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. It focuses on the transport and distribution of crude oil, natural gas, and other liquids. The company is the largest natural gas distributor in Canada and a major oil pipeline transport operator in North America. In addition, it had invested renewable energy projects. The company has more than 11,000 employees, mostly in Canada and the United States. Wikipedia.
Abdelgawad M.,Enbridge Inc.
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management | Year: 2011
Fault trees are deductive techniques constructed by taking a system failure event and deconstructing it into its root causes (basic events, gate events). Fault trees can be solved qualitatively, by determining minimal cut sets, and quantitatively, by calculating the probability of occurrence of the risk event. In conventional fault-tree analysis (FTA), the probability of occurrence for all basic events must be assessed in order to allow for quantitative fault-tree analysis. However, conducting quantitative fault-tree analysis, especially in construction projects, entails several difficulties owing to the lack of sufficient data, leading to an approximation of the probability of occurrence for some basic events. Assuming probabilities for any basic event will add further uncertainty to the analysis, resulting in a potentially questionable end result. To overcome the challenge of assessing probabilities, this paper presents a comprehensive framework in which experts can use linguistic terms rather than numerals to assess the probability of occurrence of basic events. Fuzzy arithmetic operations are used to perform quantitative fault-tree analysis. Fuzzy Reliability Analyzer (FRA) was developed to automate both qualitative and quantitative FTA. The method presented is demonstrated via a case study to quantify the probability of failure of horizontal directional drilling (HDD) in meeting project objectives. Fourteen minimal cut sets were identified and the fuzzy probability (FPro) of the top event (TE) was calculated. The proposed approach offers the advantage of allowing experts to express themselves linguistically to assess the probability of occurrence of basic events, which is more appropriate for the construction domain. In addition, the proposed method offers the risk analyst the advantage of ranking basic events according to their level of contribution to the probability of the risk event, which can help in establishing more effective risk response strategies. © 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers. Source
Enbridge Inc. | Date: 2014-01-28
A device, system and method of locating a target pipe in a pipe system utilizes an electric signal transmitter and an electrical signal detector. A pipe locator signal conductor comprises a spool and a flexible insulated electrical conductor wound around the spool. The exposed end of the conductor is fixed near an entry point in the pipe system, and the spool is fed into the pipe system such that the conductor pays off of the spool and extends at least partially through the target pipe. The signal transmitter is coupled to the exposed end of the conductor, transmitting a signal through the conductor and allowing the pipe to be located by the signal detector.
An anti-oil tanker sign is pictured near a demonstration against the proposed Kinder Morgan pipeline on Burnaby Mountain in Burnaby, British Columbia November 17, 2014. Kinder Morgan wants to nearly treble Trans Mountain's capacity to carry 890,000 barrels per day of crude from landlocked Alberta, to Burnaby, British Columbia, where it can be loaded on to tankers and shipped to lucrative Asian refining markets. Alberta's carbon-intensive oil sands producers are desperate for improved access to international markets for their heavy crude, which is among the cheapest in the world and was priced at about $16.50 a barrel outright late Thursday afternoon. But the C$5.4 billion ($3.79 billion) project has run into fierce environmental and aboriginal opposition. British Columbia Environment Minister Mary Polak said Kinder Morgan had failed to provide the National Energy Board (NEB), a federal regulator, with an adequate plan to prevent or respond to an oil spill. In 2012 the province's premier, Christy Clark, outlined five conditions that any company wanting to build pipelines in British Columbia would need to meet to win approval from her Liberal government. These included a "world-leading" marine and land oil spill prevention, response and recovery practices. "We have not seen evidence that convinces us that those five conditions have been met," Polak told reporters. The British Columbia government did not entirely rule out the possibility of Kinder Morgan meeting their requirements in future, adding that it will continue to evaluate the project. "It does not close the door on them meeting that test in the future," Polak said. Kinder Morgan is confident that it will be able to satisfy British Columbia's conditions by the time the regulatory process is complete, it said in a statement. It could not meet all the requirements such as Aboriginal treaty rights alone and needed "multiple parties" to work together, the company said. Kinder Morgan filed a final written argument for the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion project with Canadian regulators in December. The opposition to Trans Mountain's expansion comes after U.S. President Barack Obama in November rejected TransCanada Corp's Keystone XL pipeline in a victory for environmentalists. The same month, Canada's recently elected Liberal government said it will impose an oil tanker ban on British Columbia's northern coast, effectively slamming the door on Enbridge Inc's Northern Gateway pipeline.
"Canadian pipeline company Enbridge Inc. on Tuesday agreed to buy Houston’s Spectra Energy Corp. in an all-stock deal valued at about $28 billion, creating a major North American energy-infrastructure company at a time when energy-industry operators continue to deal with the fallout from low oil prices. Under the deal, announced jointly by the companies, Spectra Energy shareholders will receive shares of Enbridge valued at around $40.33 each, or a premium of about 11.5%, based on the closing price of Enbridge shares on Friday. The arrangement has an enterprise value of about $127 billion and the deal, which has the full support of the boards of both Enbridge and Spectra, is expected to close in the first quarter of 2017, the companies said in a release."
News Article | September 6, 2016
Enbridge Inc. and Spectra Energy Corp. have entered into a definitive merger agreement under which the two companies will combine in a stock-for-stock merger transaction. The combination will create the largest energy infrastructure company in North America and one of the largest globally, the companies said, based on a pro-forma enterprise value of roughly $127 billion.