The Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology is an interdisciplinary Swiss research and service institution for applied materials science and technology. As part of the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology Domain, it is an institution of the Swiss federation. For most of the period since its foundation in 1880, it concentrated on classical materials testing. Since the late 1980s it has developed into a modern research and development institute. Wikipedia.
Empa - Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology | Date: 2015-03-16
The invention relates to novel and improved halogen-free flame retardant compounds having the structure of Formula (I): wherein: R^(1 )and R^(2 )are independently hydrogen, C_(1)-C_(6 )alkyl, P(O)(OR^(3))_(2), P(O)OR^(3)R^(4), or P(O)R^(3)_(2), wherein R^(3 )and R^(4 )are independently C_(1)-C_(4 )alkyl, C_(6)-C_(12 )aryl, C_(7)-C_(15 )aralkyl or C_(7)-C_(15 )alkaryl; or R^(1 )and R^(2 )taken together form an unsaturated cyclic ring, which is optionally substituted by an alkyl group; each k is independently an integer from 1 to 2; each X is independently oxygen (O) or sulphur (S); v is 0 or 1; each Y is independently C_(1)-C_(4 )alkylene, C_(6 )arylene, C_(7)-C_(15 )aralkylene, C_(7)-C_(15 )alkarylene, oxygen (O), nitrogen (NR), wherein R is H or C_(1)-C_(4 )alkyl; n is 0, 1 or 2 with the proviso that n is 1 when Y is oxygen (O) or nitrogen (NR); each Z is independently C_(1)-C_(4 )alkylene, C_(6 )arylene, C_(7)-C_(15 )aralkylene or C_(7)-C_(15 )is alkarylene; m is independently 0, 1 or 2; with the proviso that when Y is oxygen (O) or nitrogen (N), m cannot be 0; each Q is independently C_(1)-C_(4 )alkylene; t is an integer from 1 to 2; W is oxygen (O) or sulphur (S). The compounds are particularly suited as flame retardant additives for thermoplastic polyesters.
Basf, Empa - Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science, Technology and Max Planck Geselischaft zur Foerderung der Wissenschaften e.V. | Date: 2015-02-09
Provided are graphene nanoribbons with controlled zig-zag edge and cove edge configuration and methods for preparing such graphene nanoribbons. The nanoribbons are selected from the following formulae.
Max Planck Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Wissenschaften e.V., Empa - Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology | Date: 2015-04-14
The present invention relates to a process for preparing single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) having a diameter d_(SWCNT), which comprises
STBL Medical Research AG, Empa - Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology | Date: 2015-05-19
The strain gauge device (20) comprises an elastic band (22), the strain of which is to be measured. The sensor (26) comprises at least one elongated measuring strand (38) changing resistivity in dependence of the strain of the band (22). The measuring strand (38) is mounted with pre-tension to the band (22) by means of a layer of glue disposed between the sensor (26) and the band (22). The equipment (10) for continually measuring the blood pressure of a user comprises at least one strain gauge device (20).
Alemnis GmbH, Empa - Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology | Date: 2017-04-26
Material testing device (9) for performing indentation measurements, the material testing device (9) defining an axis (z) and comprising: - a support element (6) adapted to permit the material testing device (9) to be attached to a test rig (21); - a test tip (1) adapted to be brought into contact with a solid sample; - an actuation device (3) comprising an active material (20), the actuation device (3) being disposed between the support element (6) and the test tip (1), the actuation device (3) further being adapted to displace the test tip (1) in at least one direction comprising a component perpendicular to said axis (Z) by reaction of the active material (20) to an applied stimulus. According to the invention, the actuation device (3) is further adapted to act as a force sensor so as to be able to sense a force applied by the test tip (1) on the solid sample by means of measurement of a response of said active material (20) to application of said force.
Flisom AG, Empa - Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology | Date: 2017-03-29
A method (200) for fabricating thin-film optoelectronic devices (100), the method comprising: providing a substrate (110), forming a back-contact layer (120); forming at least one absorber layer (130) made of an ABC chalcogenide material, adding at least one alkali metal (235), and forming at least one cavity (236, 610, 612, 613) at the surface of the absorber layer wherein forming of said at least one cavity is by dissolving away from said surface of the absorber layer at least one crystal aggregate comprising at least one alkali crystal comprising at least one alkali metal. The method (200) is advantageous for more environmentally-friendly production of photovoltaic devices (100) on flexible substrates with high photovoltaic conversion efficiency and faster production rate.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: LCE-09-2015 | Award Amount: 27.97M | Year: 2016
This proposal is an application to the EU programme Horizon 2020 and its topic Large scale energy storage (LCE-09-2015). The presented project STORE&GO will demonstrate three innovative Power to Gas storage concepts at locations in Germany, Switzerland and Italy in order to overcome technical, economic, social and legal barriers. The demonstration will pave the way for an integration of PtG storage into flexible energy supply and distribution systems with a high share of renewable energy. Using methanation processes as bridging technologies, it will demonstrate and investigate in which way these innovative PtG concepts will be able to solve the main problems of renewable energies: fluctuating production of renewable energies; consideration of renewables as suboptimal power grid infrastructure; expensive; missing storage solutions for renewable power at the local, national and European level. At the same time PtG concepts will contribute in maintaining natural gas or SNG with an existing huge European infrastructure and an already advantageous and continuously improving environmental footprint as an important primary/secondary energy carrier, which is nowadays in doubt due to geo-political reasons/conflicts. So, STORE&GO will show that new PtG concepts can bridge the gaps associated with renewable energies and security of energy supply. STORE&GO will rise the acceptance in the public for renewable energy technologies in the demonstration of bridging technologies at three living best practice locations in Europe.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.36M | Year: 2017
Mitigation of climate change is a key scientific and societal challenge and also a headline target of the EU2020 strategy. Strong reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are necessary to reach the global warming target agreed on at the 2015 United Nations Convention of Parties in Paris. Such emission reductions can only be achieved if sources are properly quantified and mitigation efforts are verified, but there are large discrepancies between official emission inventories and estimates derived from direct measurement of the air. MEMO2 will contribute to the EU2020 targets with a focus on methane (CH4), the second most important greenhouse gas after CO2 and one of Europes most important energy sources. CH4 emissions are a major contributor to Europes global warming impact, but they are also a good target for climate change mitigation because of a rather short lifetime of 10 years (policy-maker compatible) and several sources offering possibilities of no-regret emission reduction (landfills, gas leaks, manure). However CH4 emissions are not well quantified yet. MEMO2 will bridge the gap between large-scale scientific estimates from in situ monitoring programs and the bottom-up estimates of emissions from local sources that are used in the national reporting. MEMO2 will identify and evaluate CH4 emissions and support mitigation measures by I) developing new and advanced mobile methane measurements tools and networks, isotopic source identification, and modelling at different scales, and II) educating a new generation of crossthinking scientists, which are able to effectively implement novel measurement and modelling tools in an interdisciplinary and intersectoral context. The 9 beneficiaries and 13 non-academic partners of MEMO2 offer a wellstructured intersectoral training programme to equip young researchers with strong scientific and personal competencies, which will enhance their employability as well as European innovation capacity in the future.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: SGA-RIA | Phase: FETFLAGSHIP | Award Amount: 89.00M | Year: 2016
This project is the second in the series of EC-financed parts of the Graphene Flagship. The Graphene Flagship is a 10 year research and innovation endeavour with a total project cost of 1,000,000,000 euros, funded jointly by the European Commission and member states and associated countries. The first part of the Flagship was a 30-month Collaborative Project, Coordination and Support Action (CP-CSA) under the 7th framework program (2013-2016), while this and the following parts are implemented as Core Projects under the Horizon 2020 framework. The mission of the Graphene Flagship is to take graphene and related layered materials from a state of raw potential to a point where they can revolutionise multiple industries. This will bring a new dimension to future technology a faster, thinner, stronger, flexible, and broadband revolution. Our program will put Europe firmly at the heart of the process, with a manifold return on the EU investment, both in terms of technological innovation and economic growth. To realise this vision, we have brought together a larger European consortium with about 150 partners in 23 countries. The partners represent academia, research institutes and industries, which work closely together in 15 technical work packages and five supporting work packages covering the entire value chain from materials to components and systems. As time progresses, the centre of gravity of the Flagship moves towards applications, which is reflected in the increasing importance of the higher - system - levels of the value chain. In this first core project the main focus is on components and initial system level tasks. The first core project is divided into 4 divisions, which in turn comprise 3 to 5 work packages on related topics. A fifth, external division acts as a link to the parts of the Flagship that are funded by the member states and associated countries, or by other funding sources. This creates a collaborative framework for the entire Flagship.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NMBP-03-2016 | Award Amount: 6.22M | Year: 2017
STARCELL proposes the substitution of CRMs in thin film PV by the development and demonstration of a cost effective solution based on kesterite CZTS (Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4) materials. Kesterites are only formed by elements abundant in the earth crust with low toxicity offering a secure supply chain and minimizing recycling costs and risks, and are compatible with massive sustainable deployment of electricity production at TeraWatt levels. Optimisation of the kesterite bulk properties together with redesign and optimization of the device interfaces and the cell architecture will be developed for the achievement of a challenging increase in the device efficiency up to 18% at cell level and targeting 16% efficiency at mini-module level, in line with the efficiency targets established at the SET Plan for 2020. These efficiencies will allow initiating the transfer of kesterite based processes to pre-industrial stages. These innovations will give to STARCELL the opportunity to demonstrate CRM free thin film PV devices with manufacturing costs 0.30 /Wp, making first detailed studies on the stability and durability of the kesterite devices under accelerated test analysis conditions and developing suitable recycling processes for efficient re-use of material waste. The project will join for the first time the 3 leading research teams that have achieved the highest efficiencies for kesterite in Europe (EMPA, IMRA and IREC) together with the group of the world record holder David Mitzi (Duke University) and NREL (a reference research centre in renewable energies worldwide) in USA, and AIST (the most renewed Japanese research centre in Energy and Environment) in Japan. These groups have during the last years specialised in different aspects of the solar cell optimisation and build the forefront of kesterite research. The synergies of their joined efforts will allow raising the efficiency of kesterite solar cells and mini-modules to values never attained for this technology.