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Amsterdam-Zuidoost, Netherlands

de Waal K.,Emma Childrens Hospital AMC | Evans N.,University of Sydney
Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2010

Objective: To describe the hemodynamic changes with time in preterm infants with clinical sepsis. Study design: Blood pressure, right ventricular output (RVO), left ventricular output (LVO), and superior vena cava (SVC) flow of infants who had a suspected infection and showed signs of cardiovascular compromise were measured every 12 hours or until there was considered clinical improvement. Results: Twenty infants with a median gestational age of 27 weeks (range, 25-32 weeks) and weight of 995 g (range, 650-1980 g) were examined. Five patients died. The mean (SD) RVO, LVO, and SVC flow at the first measurement were 555 (133), 441 (164), and 104 (39) mL/kg/min, respectively. The calculated systemic vascular resistance (SVR) was 0.08 (0.04) mm Hg/mL/kg/min. There was no significant change in flow in the 15 surviving infants. Blood pressure and SVR increased from the first to the last measurement (mean difference: blood pressure, 8 mm Hg; 95% CI 3 to -13; systemic vascular resistance, 0.02 mm Hg/mL/kg/min; 95% CI, 0.01 to -0.04). Flows decreased and SVR increased in the 5 non-surviving infants (mean difference: RVO, -318 mL/kg/min; 95% CI, -463 to -174; LVO, -292 mL/kg/min; 95% CI, -473 to -111; SVC flow, -46 mL/kg/min; 95% CI, -77 to -16). Conclusion: Preterm neonates with sepsis have relatively high left and right cardiac outputs and low SVRs. A decrease in RVO or LVO >50% compared with the initial measurement is associated with mortality. © 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

van Ommen C.H.,Emma Childrens Hospital AMC
European journal of pediatrics | Year: 2012

Mucocutaneous bleeding is common in childhood and may be the result of primary hemostatic disorders such as vascular abnormalities, von Willebrand disease, thrombocytopenia, and platelet dysfunction. A detailed bleeding history and physical examination are essential to distinguish between normal and abnormal bleeding and to decide whether it is necessary to perform further laboratory evaluation. Initial laboratory tests include complete blood count, peripheral blood smear, mean platelet volume, von Willebrand factor (VWF) antigen assay, VWF ristocetin cofactor activity, and factor VIII activity. Once thrombocytopenia and von Willebrand disease have been excluded, platelet function should be tested by platelet aggregation. Additional specific diagnostic tests, such as platelet secretion tests and flow cytometry for the detection of platelet surface glycoprotein expression, are needed to confirm the raised hypothesis.

Park J.R.,University of Washington | Eggert A.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Caron H.,Emma Childrens Hospital AMC
Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America | Year: 2010

Neuroblastoma, a neoplasm of the sympathetic nervous system, is the second most common extracranial malignant tumor of childhood and the most common solid tumor of infancy. Neuroblastoma is a heterogeneous malignancy with prognosis ranging from near uniform survival to high risk for fatal demise. Neuroblastoma serves as a paradigm for the prognostic utility of biologic and clinical data and the potential to tailor therapy for patient cohorts at low, intermediate, and high risk for recurrence. This article summarizes our understanding of neuroblastoma biology and prognostic features and discusses their impact on current and proposed risk stratification schemas, risk-based therapeutic approaches, and the development of novel therapies for patients at high risk for failure. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Vlaardingerbroek H.,Erasmus MC Sophia Childrens Hospital | Veldhorst M.A.B.,Erasmus MC Sophia Childrens Hospital | Spronk S.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Van Den Akker C.H.P.,Erasmus MC Sophia Childrens Hospital | And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2012

Background: The use of intravenous lipid emulsions in preterm infants has been limited by concerns regarding impaired lipid tolerance. As a result, the time of initiation of parenteral lipid infusion to very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants varies widely among different neonatal intensive care units. However, lipids provide energy for protein synthesis and supply essential fatty acids that are necessary for central nervous system development. Objective: The objective was to summarize the effects of initiation of lipids within the first 2 d of life and the effects of different lipid compositions on growth and morbidities in VLBW infants. Design: A systematic review and meta-analysis of publications identified in a search of PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases was undertaken. Randomized controlled studies were eligible if information on growth was available. Results: The search yielded 14 studies. No differences were observed in growth or morbidity with early lipid initiation. We found a weak favorable association of non-purely soybean-based emulsions with the incidence of sepsis (RR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.56, 1.00). Conclusions: The initiation of lipids within the first 2 d of life in VLBW infants appears to be safe and well tolerated; however, beneficial effects on growth could not be shown for this treatment nor for the type of lipid emulsion. Emulsions that are not purely soybean oil-based might be associated with a lower incidence of sepsis. Large-scale randomized controlled trials in preterm infants are warranted to determine whether early initiation of lipids and lipid emulsions that are not purely soybean oil-based results in improved long-term outcomes. © 2012 American Society for Nutrition.

Wenzl T.G.,RWTH Aachen | Benninga M.A.,Emma Childrens Hospital AMC | Loots C.M.,Emma Childrens Hospital AMC | Salvatore S.,University of Insubria | Vandenplas Y.,University Childrens Hospital
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition | Year: 2012

AIM:: The aim of the study was to provide an updated position statement from the ESPGHAN European Pediatric Impedance Working Group on different technical aspects such as indications, methodology, and interpretation of multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH). METHODS:: Evidence was used where available, but the article is based mainly on expert opinion and consensus. RESULTS:: MII-pH provides more information than simple pH monitoring because reflux detection is not limited to acid reflux. Different companies provide commercialized MII-pH recording systems, making the method widely available and useable in daily clinical practice; however, the technique still has limitations: high cost, limited additional value regarding therapeutic implications, and lack of evidence-based parameters for the assessment of gastroesophageal reflux and symptom association in children. CONCLUSIONS:: MII-pH recording is a promising procedure needing further validation and development to increase its additional benefit over conventional investigation techniques. The added value of the technique regards mainly clinical circumstances in which nonacid or weakly acid reflux may be relevant such as persisting symptoms during antireflux treatment with proton pump inhibitors and feeding-related reflux; and assessing specific discontinuous symptoms thought to be associated with gastroesophageal reflux; and research. Copyright © 2012 by European Society.

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