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Erlangen, Germany

Schneider N.,Emil Fischer Center | Becker C.-M.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | Pischetsrieder M.,Emil Fischer Center
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2010

The enzyme lysozyme is used as a preservative to prevent late blowing of ripened cheese, caused by Clostridium tyrobutyricum. Since the enzyme is extracted from hen egg white, lysozyme has to be declared on food product labels as a potential allergen. Here, a method is reported that combines immunocapture purification and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) analysis for the detection of lysozyme in cheese samples. Cheese extracts were treated with magnetic particles coated with a monoclonal antibody directed against lysozyme. After immunocapture purification, lysozyme was detected by MALDI-TOF-MS. The limit of detection of the assay was about 5 mg/kg lysozyme in cheese. The method reliably distinguished between cheese samples which had been produced with and without lysozyme. Thus, the novel assay allows the reliable, sensitive, and specific detection of lysozyme in a food matrix. The assay could be easily adapted to other target peptides and proteins in complex food matrices and, therefore, has a broad application potential, e.g. for the analysis of allergens. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Mittelmaier S.,Emil Fischer Center | Funfrocken M.,Fresenius Medical Care Deutschland GmbH | Fenn D.,Fresenius Medical Care Deutschland GmbH | Fichert T.,Fresenius Medical Care Deutschland GmbH | Pischetsrieder M.,Emil Fischer Center
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2010

Glucose degradation products (GDPs) formed during heat sterilization of peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluids exert cytotoxic effects and promote the formation of advanced glycation end-products in the peritoneal cavity. As a result, long-term application of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis is limited. The composition and concentration of GDPs in PD fluids must be known to evaluate their biological effects. The present study describes a targeted screening for novel GDPs in PD fluids. For this purpose, dicarbonyl compounds were converted with o-phenylenediamine to give the respective quinoxaline derivatives, which were selectively monitored by HPLC/diode array detector. Glucosone was thereby identified as a novel major GDP in PD fluids. Product identity was confirmed by LC/MSMS analysis using independently synthesized glucosone as a reference compound. Furthermore, a method was developed to quantify glucosone in PD fluids by HPLC/UV after derivatization with o-phenylenediamine. The method's limit of detection was 0.6 μM and the limit of quantitation 1.1 μM. A linear calibration curve was obtained between 1.1 and 113.9 μM (R2 = 0.9999). Analyzed at three different concentration levels, recovery varied between 95.6% and 102.0%. The coefficient of variation ranged between 0.4% and 4.7%. The method was then applied to the measurement of glucosone in typical PD fluids. Glucosone levels in double chamber bag PD fluids varied between not detectable and 6.7 μM. In single chamber bag fluids, glucosone levels ranged between 28.7 and 40.7 μM. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Maschauer S.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | Einsiedel J.,Emil Fischer Center | Hocke C.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | Hubner H.,Emil Fischer Center | And 4 more authors.
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2010

The neurotensin receptor subtype 1 (NTS1) represents an attractive molecular target for imaging various tumors. Positron emission tomography (PET) gained widespread importance due to its sensitivity. We combined the design of a metabolically stable neurotensin analogue with a 68Ga-radiolabeling approach. The 68Ga-labeled peptoid?peptide hybrid [68Ga]3 revealed high stability, specific tumor uptake (0.7%ID/g, 65 min p.i.), and advantageous biokinetics in vivo using HT29 tumor-bearing nude mice. Because of the ability to internalize into NTS1-expressing tumor cells, [68Ga]3 proved to be highly suitable for a reliable and practical visualization of NTS1-expressing tumors in vivo by small animal PET. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

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