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Leuschner R.G.K.,Biological Hazards BIOHAZ Unit | Robinson T.P.,Emerging Risks EMRISK Unit | Hugas M.,Biological Hazards BIOHAZ Unit | Cocconcelli P.S.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | And 10 more authors.
Trends in Food Science and Technology | Year: 2010

Qualified Presumption of Safety (QPS) is a generic risk assessment approach applied by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to notified biological agents aiming at simplifying risk assessments across different scientific Panels and Units. The aim of this review is to outline the implementation and value of the QPS assessment for EFSA and to explain its principles such as the unambiguous identity of a taxonomic unit, the body of knowledge including potential safety concerns and how these considerations lead to a list of biological agents recommended for QPS which EFSA keeps updated through an annual scientific review and assessment. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Leuschner R.G.K.,Biological Hazards BIOHAZ Unit | Hristova A.,Emerging Risks EMRISK Unit | Robinson T.,Emerging Risks EMRISK Unit | Hugas M.,Biological Hazards BIOHAZ Unit
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis | Year: 2013

In the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) database, an exchange information tool on risk measures related to food and feed controls, notifications concerning the presence of biogenic amines in food are mainly histamine in fish products. This reflects the current EU legislation which sets food safety criteria for histamine in certain fish products. Average histamine concentrations in about 300 notifications between 2002 and 2010 were below 200. mg/kg fish product in 17%, between 200 and 500. mg/kg in 36%, between 500 and 1000. mg/kg in 16%, between 1000 and 2000. mg/kg in 12% and above 2000. mg/kg in 11% of notifications. A high variability of histamine concentrations in different samples originating from the same fish product of up to a factor of 500 was reported. RASFF introduced 'Food poisoning' as a reason for notification in 2008 and reported around 60 negatively affected consumers due to dietary histamine intake until the end of 2010. Based on the evolution and development of notifications in the RASFF database, it can be anticipated that these data will increasingly provide valuable 'real-life' and 'up to date' evidence to support food safety risk analysis in the future. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

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