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SAN ANTONIO, Nov. 18, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- A free community event and ribbon-cutting ceremony Saturday, Nov. 19, celebrates the newest Baptist Emergency Hospital – NW Military, opening in late November. The nearly 40,000-square-foot emergency center is being built through a...

Aro H.T.,University of Turku | Govender S.,University of KwaZulu - Natal | Patel A.D.,Norwich University | Hernigou P.,Service dOrthopedie et de Traumatologie | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A | Year: 2011

Background: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) improves healing of open tibial fractures treated with unreamed intramedullary nail fixation. We evaluated the use of rhBMP-2 in the treatment of acute open tibial fractures treated with reamed intramedullary nail fixation. Methods: Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive the standard of care consisting of intramedullary nail fixation and routine soft-tissue management (the SOC group) or the standard of care plus an absorbable collagen sponge implant containing 1.5 mg/mL of rhBMP-2 (total, 12.0 mg) (the rhBMP-2/ACS group). Randomization was stratified by fracture severity. The absorbable collagen sponge was placed over the fracture at wound closure. The primary efficacy end point was the proportion of subjects with a healed fracture as demonstrated by radiographic and clinical assessment thirteen and twenty weeks after definitive wound closure. Results: Two hundred and seventy-seven patients were randomized and were the subjects of the intent-to-treat analysis. Thirteen percent of the fractures were Gustilo-Anderson Type IIIB. The proportions of patients with fracture-healing were 60% and 48% at week 13 (p = 0.0541) and 68% and 67% at week 20 in the rhBMP-2/ACS and SOC groups, respectively. Twelve percent of the subjects underwent secondary procedures in each group; more invasive procedures (e.g., exchange nailing) accounted for 30% of the procedures in the rhBMP-2/ACS group and 57% in the SOC group (p = 0.1271). Infection was seen in twenty-seven (19%) of the patients in the rhBMP-2/ACS group and fifteen (11%) in the SOC group (p = 0.0645; difference in infection risk = 0.09 [95% confidence interval, 0.0 to 0.17]). The adverse event incidence was otherwise similar between the treatment groups. Conclusions: The healing of open tibial fractures treated with reamed intramedullary nail fixation was not significantly accelerated by the addition of an absorbable collagen sponge containing rhBMP-2. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Copyright © 2011 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.

Gluhovschi G.H.,Emergency Hospital
Romanian journal of internal medicine = Revue roumaine de médecine interne | Year: 2011

Diabetic nephropathy, one of the most important complications of diabetes mellitus, requires during its evolution protective measures defined as renoprotective. Since the complications of diabetes mellitus are not limited to diabetic nephropathy and as this is frequently associated with heart complications that require protective measures defined as cardioprotective, neurologic measures that require neuroprotection of the retina, of the large vessels etc., much more complex protective measures are necessary. The metabolic complications that are usually at the basis of the other complications at the level of the cell also impose measures of protection. Such an approach can have important practical consequences. It is a well-known fact that most patients with chronic kidney disease--CKD--do not reach final stages as in the meantime they decease because of cardiovascular diseases. Consequently, cardioprotective measures have to be associated with renoprotective ones, as well as protective measures that address other organs, in close connection with protective measures at metabolic level. The protective measures must also address to microcirculation, diabetic nephropathy being a disease that primarily affects microcirculation. Diabetes mellitus also frequently affects the large vessels, the circulatory system being usually affected in its complexity. The paper represents a synthesis of multiorganprotective measures in diabetic nephropathy, in diabetes mellitus, respectively, the concept of multiorgan protection finding in this disease an ideal domain of expression. The first part gives the main multiorgan measures: monitoring of blood pressure and, mainly, protection by means of the renine aldosterone (RAAS) system, multiorgan by intensive monitoring of glycaemia and by treatment of proteinuria. The second part presents the other protective measures used in diabetic nephropathy.

Simsekyilmaz S.,RWTH Aachen | Simsekyilmaz S.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Liehn E.A.,RWTH Aachen | Militaru C.,Emergency Hospital | Vogt F.,RWTH Aachen
Thrombosis and Haemostasis | Year: 2015

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the western and developing countries. Percutaneous transluminal coronary interventions have become the most prevalent treatment option for coronary artery disease; however, due to serious complications, such as stent thrombosis and in-stent restenosis (ISR), the efficacy and safety of the procedure remain important issues to address. Strategies to overcome these aspects are under extensive investigation. In this review, we summarise relevant milestones during the time to overcome these limitations of coronary stents, such as the development of polymer-free drug-eluting stents (DES) to avoid pro-inflammatory response due to the polymer coating or the developement of stents with cell-directing drugs to, simultaneously, improve re-endothelialisation and inhibit ISR amongst other techniques most recently developed, which have not fully entered the clinical stage. Also the novel concept of fully biodegradable DES featured by the lack of a permanent foreign body promises to be a beneficial and applicable tool to restore a natural vessel with maintained vasomotion and to enable optional subsequent surgical revascularisation. © Schattauer 2015.

Bordeianu C.-D.,Emergency Hospital | Ticu C.-E.,Provisional Candidate for PhD
Clinical Ophthalmology | Year: 2012

Purpose: To evaluate to what extent contemporary glaucoma abstracts offer complete information and to suggest a new manner of pressure results reporting. Materials, methods, and results: Most of the 36 relevant surgical glaucoma abstracts found in one issue of International Glaucoma Review contain insufficient data-supported statements. Such abstracts cannot offer a clear picture of the study essence if economic, linguistic, or political barriers prevent access to the full text. In order to enrich abstract content and to avoid typographic space waste, a formula is suggested to provide, in one single line of symbols and figures, all the necessary data for statistical interpretation at two evolution moments: the first significative control (6 months) and the final one. Conclusion: The current manner of results reporting in surgical glaucoma abstracts is subject to too little standardization, allowing insufficiently data-supported statements. Abstracts, especially those printed in small-circulation language journals, should be conceived and standardized in such a manner that any abstract review reader is capable of grasping the essence of the study at first glance. The suggested manner of reporting results would bring satisfaction to all areas of the process. Publishers would save typographic space, readers would find all the necessary data for statistical analysis and comparison with other studies, and authors would be convinced that the essence of their work would penetrate in spite of any economic, linguistic, or political barriers. © 2012 Bordeianu and Ticu, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd.

Ilie M.,Emergency Hospital
Roumanian archives of microbiology and immunology | Year: 2011

Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common among the numerous bacterial species of the stomach. It is classified as a class 1 carcinogen because of its causal relationship to gastric adenocarcinoma. The epidemiology of H. pylori infection is characterized by a marked difference between developing and developed countries. Treatment of H. pylori still remains a challenge due to the high rate of antibiotic resistance. The aim of this study was to investigate the susceptibility of H. pylori strains isolated from gastric biopsies to different antibiotics currently used in the H. pylori infection treatment schemes. Upper gastrointestinal GI endoscopy was performed, followed by the rapid urease test on gastric biopsies. The positive samples were cultivated on specific media under microaerophilic conditions and the antibiotic susceptibility assay was performed on the isolated strains. A positivity rate of 70% was obtained for cultures performed from the biopsy samples positive for the urease test. The resistance rates for the antibiotics used in the classic triple therapy proved to be high, i.e. 92.8% for metronidazole, 50% for amoxicillin and 32% for clarithromycin. The isolated strains proved to be sensitive to ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin. The role of gastric microbiota and its contribution to the H. pylori associated pathology need to be established. The problem of antibiotic treatment failure in case of resistant H. pylori strains can be surpassed by routine culture and antibiotic susceptibility testings.

Ciurea A.V.,Emergency Clinical Hospital Bagdasar Arseni | Iencean S.M.,Emergency Clinical Hospital Bagdasar Arseni | Iencean S.M.,Emergency Hospital | Rizea R.E.,Emergency Clinical Hospital Bagdasar Arseni | Brehar F.M.,Emergency Clinical Hospital Bagdasar Arseni
Neurosurgical Review | Year: 2012

We report here a retrospective study of 59 consecutive patients with olfactory groove meningiomas admitted and operated on between 1991 and 2008. Our goal was to characterize clinical features, treatment strategies, and outcome of these lesions. The surgical resection grade, the histological type and the presence of recurrences in the follow-up period were analyzed. Maximum tumor diameter determined by preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations was between 2 and 11 cm. In 38 surgical procedures (64.4%), the tumor was removed through a bilateral subfrontal approach, in 12 (20.3%) a unilateral subfrontal approach was used, and in nine procedures (15.3%) a pterional approach was performed. The average age at presentation was 52 years (age: 20- 76 years) and the sex ratio was 1.45:1 (females/males). According to Simpson's grading system, the degree of tumor removal was: grade I in 14 cases (23.8%), grade II in 38 cases (64.4%), grade III in four cases (6.8%) and grade IV in three cases (5%). Fifty-six patients had benign meningiomas (94.9%) and three patients had atypical meningiomas (5.1%). Two patients (3.4%) died from pulmonary embolism and bronchopneumonia. There were recurrences in six patients (10.1%), between 9 months and 12 years (mean 7.2 years) after surgery. The olfactory groove is a relatively frequent location for intracranial meningiomas, accounting for 9.1% of all intracranial meningiomas in our experience. Olfactory groove meningiomas tend to be clinically silent tumors until they are very large when symptoms or other abnormalities become evident. A surgical procedure adapted to the size and the extension of the tumor combined with microsurgical techniques allows total meningioma removal with good neurological outcome. © Springer-Verlag 2011.

Nonoperative management (NOM) of liver trauma is currently rather the rule than the exception. However, the current evidence presents subgroups of patients at higher risk for NOM failure. These patients must be treated more cautiously regarding the NOM approach. A case report of 3 polytrauma patients (Injury Severity Score > 17) with high-degree liver trauma managed nonoperatively. The first case presented is the one of a polytrauma patient with degree IV liver injury and impaired mental status. It was a high risk for NOM failure because there was an angiographically hemostasis. The second case is one of a polytrauma patient who became hemodynamically stable after the administration of 2000 ml of fluid intravenously. There was a nonoperative approach with angiography and embolization of degree IV liver injury. Despite the success of the nonoperative treatment, there was an important hepatic necrosis following embolization. The third case is one of a polytrauma patient with a degree IV hepatic injury. Success was accomplished in NOM without an angiography. Nonoperative management of liver injuries can be applied safely even in high degree hepatic trauma. In hemodynamically metastable patients or impaired mental status patients, the nonoperative approach can be applied successfully, but the trauma surgeon must be very cautious.

Nicolau A.E.,Emergency Hospital
Chirurgia (Romania) | Year: 2011

Introduction: Laparoscopy, as a minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic tool in blunt abdominal trauma (BAT), is not commonly used and has been shown to be controversial. The aim of this study is to assess the role of laparoscopy in the diagnosis and therapy of BAT. Methods: A systematic review and a comprehensive literature search was performed at the U.S. National Library of Medicine site in Medline and PubMed from January 2000 to 31 December 2007. This article attempts to outline the efficacy, the indications, contraindications, surgical technique and therapeutic possibilities of laparoscopy in B AT. Pediatric surgery articles and those addressing penetrating abdominal wounds, nontraumatic abdominal emergencies and iatrogenic injuries were excluded from this review. Results: Sixty-six articles were reviewed, which included 22 case studies, 27 case reports, 17 reviews and 2 guidelines. The reviewed articles comprised 343 patients with BAT and laparoscopic approach. Therapeutic laparoscopy was possible in 168 cases (48,98%), 51 cases were converted (14,87%), overlooked injuries were absent, 6 patients had complications (1,75%), no mortality laparoscopy-related. The main indications for laparoscopy in BAT include the confirmation of suspected diaphragmatic defects, suspected hollow viscus and mesenteric injuries, in patients with inconclusive clinical exams and abdominal imaging. Diagnostic laparoscopy (DL) is also indicated in patients with suspected intra-abdominal injuries when advanced emergency imaging investigations are unavailable. Laparoscopy allows the surgeon to perform hemostasis, resections, suturing, autotransfusion, etc. Conclusion: Although is not widely used, laparoscopy could still be useful in selected patients with BAT who have equivocal findings on clinical exam and imaging investigations in order to clarify the lesional diagnosis, thus avoiding unnecessary laparotomies. Multicenter prospective studies are needed to better assess the role of laparoscopy in blunt abdominal trauma.

Maniu A.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | Damian L.,Emergency Hospital
American Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery | Year: 2013

We report on a patient with Lyme disease who presented with chronic bilateral otitis media and cranial neuropathy with rapid progresive hearing loss. After ceftriaxone and high-dose intravenous immunglobulins, the disease was controlled only with methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide. The relationship between Lyme disease and granulomatous vasculitis is discussed. Lyme disease should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of various otolaryngological and neurological presentations. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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