Emden Leer University of Applied Sciences

Emden, Germany
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Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: MG-4.1-2014 | Award Amount: 22.99M | Year: 2015

The specific challenge for waterborne transport call MG4.1 is, To support developments that make new and existing vesselsmore efficient and less polluting. A sound way to support developments is, to demonstrate solutions that are sufficiently close to market so that ship owners will consider these in their future investment plans. Following this reasoning LeanShips will execute 8 demonstration actions that combine technologies for efficient, less polluting new/retrofitted vessels with end users requirements. Demonstrators were selected for their end-user commitment (high realisation chance), impact on energy use/emissions, EU-relevance, innovativeness and targeted-TRL at the project end. Selected technologies (TRL3-4 and higher) address engines/fuels/drive trains, hull/propulsors, energy systems/emission abatement technologies. Technologies are demonstrated mostly at full-scale and evidence is provided on energy and emission performance in operational environments. The LeanShips partnership contains ship owners, shipyards and equipment suppliers, in total 48 partners from industry (81%) and other organisations. Industry has a leading role in each demonstrator. Target markets are the smaller-midsized ships for intra-European waterborne transport, vessels for offshore operations and the leisure/cruise market. First impact estimates show fuel saving of up to 25 %, CO2 at least up to 25%, and SOx/NOx/PM 10-100%. These estimates will be updated during the project. First market potential estimates for the LeanShips partnership and for markets beyond the partnership are promising. Project activities are structured into 3 layers: Basis layer with 8 focused demonstrators (WP 04-11), Integration layer with QA, Innovation Platform and Guide to Innovation (WP02), Dissemination and Market-uptake (WP03), and top Management layer (WP01), in total 11 Work Packages. The demonstrators represent an industry investment of ca. M 57, the required funding is M 17,25.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2009.3.5 | Award Amount: 7.07M | Year: 2010

IMC-AESOP will investigate a Service-oriented Architecture approach for monitoring and control of Process Control applications (batch and continuous process). Large process industry systems are a complex set of multi-disciplinary, connected, heterogeneous systems that function as a complex system of which the components are themselves systems. They link many components from individual groups of sensors to e.g. whole control, monitoring, supervisory control systems, performing SCADA and DCS functions.\nThe future Perfect Plant will enable monitoring and control information flow in a cross-layer way. Components can be dynamically added or removed and dynamic discovery enables the on-demand information combination and collaboration. All systems will collaborate in an enterprise-wide system of systems, dynamically evolving based on business needs.\nIMC-AESOP deals with several key challenges that arise such as real-time web services, interoperability, plug and play, self-adaptation, reliability, cost-effectiveness, energy-awareness, high-level cross-layer integration and cooperation, event propagation, aggregation and management. Using SOA we will go to complex infrastructures linked in a cross-layer way from devices to enterprise systems. Transition from legacy systems will be studied for existing ones. The SOA-based approach proposed by IMC-AESOP will simplify the integration of monitoring and control systems on application layer.\nIMC-AESOP will demonstrate the application feasibility in pilots. The use cases provided from several end-users will be demonstrated in pilot applications. Engineering tools, application modelling and methodologies will be investigated and highlights on the future of the domain will be provided by research and academic partners. The IMC-AESOP partnership among important ICT players / stakeholders of the industrial value chain is a key aspect of the proposal that allows to foresee important contributions to relevant standardization bodies.

Turun O.,Karlsruhe Institute of Technology | Turun O.,Emden Leer University of Applied Sciences | Meier M.A.R.,Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Green Chemistry | Year: 2011

The increasing need for biodegradable polymers in medical applications, attempts to use renewable resources instead of fossil resources for material synthesis, and highly efficient polymerization methods that meet the requirements of green chemistry draw attention to fatty acid-based biodegradable polymers. In the present study, we have prepared a set of anhydride and ester functional biodegradable polymers from undec-10-enoic acid via ADMET polymerization reactions and/or thiol-ene click reactions. The efficiency of these polymerization methods and the thermal, as well as hydrolytic, stability properties of the polymers were evaluated and compared to each other. The results reveal that the polymers exhibit melting points in the range 44-58°C, which is higher than physiological temperature, and that polyanhydrides degrade considerably faster in solution than structurally similar polyesters. © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: FoF-11-2015 | Award Amount: 9.16M | Year: 2015

PERFoRM - Production harmonizEd Reconfiguration of Flexible Robots and Machinery aims to the conceptual transformation of existing Production Systems towards plug&produce production systems in order to achieve a flexible manufacturing environments based on rapid and seamless reconfiguration of machinery and robots as response to operational or business events. These objectives require research activities to implement a solid Manufacturing middleware based on encapsulation of production resources and assets according existing paradigms (e.g. CPS, Service based architectures, Cloud services, etc.), the development of advanced and modular global monitoring and optimization algorithms for reconfiguration of machinery, robots and processes and, finally, to ensure the full interoperability, the harmonization and standardization of methods and protocols to enable the plug-and-produce readiness in heterogeneous environments. On the other hand, real industrial and business impacts, can be achieved by careful consideration of migration of legacy environments to the new approach and, where standard devices and/or applications remain, the coexistence and integration of existing systems. Implementing a robust and consistent KPI based operational and performance measuring approach, to really drive the behavior of the system according to the business and operational objectives, will ensure the achievement of measurable results. To such purpose PERFoRM project will deploy in four industrial testbeds belonging to different industrial domains to ensure a broad and sound validation of the concept and the platform. A successful deployment will be achieved not only by focusing on migration planning and deployment, but will also encompass the deployment in at least two designated industry driven experimental testbeds to optimize the deployment strategy and so minimize risks.

Mutlu H.,University of Potsdam | Mutlu H.,Emden Leer University of Applied Sciences | De Espinosa L.M.,University of Potsdam | De Espinosa L.M.,Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces | Meier M.A.R.,University of Potsdam
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2011

Two decades have passed since the metathesis polymerisation of α,ω-dienes was successfully demonstrated by the group of Wagener and the term acyclic diene metathesis (ADMET) polymerisation was coined. Since then, the advances of metathesis chemistry have allowed to expand the scope of this versatile polymerisation reaction that nowadays finds applications in different fields, such as polymer, material, or medicinal chemistry. This critical review provides an insight into the historical aspects of ADMET and a detailed overview of the work done to date applying this versatile polymerisation reaction (221 references). © 2011 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Turunc O.,University of Potsdam | Turunc O.,Emden Leer University of Applied Sciences | Meier M.A.R.,University of Potsdam
Macromolecular Rapid Communications | Year: 2010

Thiol-ene additions of methyl 10-undecenoate, a castor oil derived renewable platform chemical, were studied with the goal of preparing a set of renewable monomers. Good to excellent yields were obtained for these solvent and initiator free thiol-ene additions. The resulting monomers were then polymerized using TBD as a catalyst, to linear as well as hyperbranched polyesters that also contain thio-ether linkages. All thus prepared polymers were fully characterized (NMR, GPC, DSC, and TGA) and the results of these investigations will be discussed within this contribution. The thermal analysis of these polymers revealed melting points in the range from 50 to 71°C. Moreover, no significant weight loss was observed below 300°C. Clicking renewable resources: The castor oil derived platform chemical methyl 10-undecenoate is a very suitable starting material for thiol-ene click reactions. Different functional groups can thus be introduced in an efficient manner to yield renewable monomers. Their polymerization leads to plant oil derived polyesters with good thermal properties, which could probably substitute existing fossil resource based materials. Copyright © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Fokou P.A.,Emden Leer University of Applied Sciences | Meier M.A.R.,Emden Leer University of Applied Sciences | Meier M.A.R.,University of Potsdam
Macromolecular Rapid Communications | Year: 2010

Olefin isomerization side reactions that occur during ADMET polymerizations were studied by preparing polyesters via ADMET and subsequently degrading these polyesters via transesterification with methanol. The resulting diesters, representing the repeating units of the previously prepared polyesters, were then analyzed by GC-MS. This strategy allowed quantification of the amount of olefin isomerization that took place during ADMET polymerization with second generation ruthenium metathesis catalysts. In a second step, it was shown that the addition of benzoquinone to the polymerization mixture prevented the olefin isomerization. Therefore, second generation ruthenium metathesis catalysts may now be used tor the preparation of well-defined polymers via ADMET with very little isomerization, which was not possible before. ("Figure Presented") © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA,.

Mutlu H.,Emden Leer University of Applied Sciences | Meier M.A.R.,Emden Leer University of Applied Sciences | Meier M.A.R.,University of Potsdam
European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology | Year: 2010

Castor oil is, as many other plant oils, a very valuable renewable resource for the chemical industry. This review article provides an overview on this specialty oil, covering its production and properties. More importantly, the preparation, properties and major application possibilities of chemical derivatives of castor oil are highlighted. Our discussion focuses on application possibilities of castor oil and its derivatives for the synthesis of renewable monomers and polymers. An overview of recent developments in this field is provided and selected examples are discussed in detail, including the preparation and characterization of castor oil-derived polyurethanes, polyesters and polyamides. © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SEAC-1-2015 | Award Amount: 3.97M | Year: 2016

In an effort to bring science and society together in Europe, and consequently increase the continents international competitiveness, STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) education must be more relatable to European youths to raise their interests and involvement in STEM careers. This project proposes an educational platform with multi-level components, designed and developed on the base of a well-researched pedagogical framework, which aims to make STEM education more attractive to young people from age 10 to 18 years old. Universities, schools, teachers, students, parents, business and media partners come together to complete a circle in which STEM becomes a part of the daily life of youths through an educational portal that also prepares them for future careers. The socially motivational platform for emotional and educational engagement, herein referred to as the STIMEY (Science, Technology, Innovation, Mathematics, Education for the Young) platform, will combine: - social media components and entrepreneurial tools (present), - robotic artefacts (the future), - radio (the past) to educate, engage and increase the youths interest in STEM education and careers. The platform, with individual e-portfolios, will be designed to tap into the childrens curiosity and motivations from a young age. The platform will take into account the specific needs of girls and boys, to be attracted and stay with STEM in a social collaborative environment with serious gaming and healthy competition among peers. The platform will give teachers the necessary modern tools to deliver STEM education in an attractive and engaging manner in-class, while also following up on students progress even outside of class.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: FCH2-RIA | Phase: FCH-02.2-2015 | Award Amount: 2.65M | Year: 2016

The next generation water electrolysers must achieve better dynamic behaviour (rapid start-up, fast response, wider load and temperature ranges) to provide superior grid-balancing services and thus address the steep increase of intermittent renewables interfaced to the grid. The HPEM2GAS project will develop a low cost PEM electrolyser optimised for grid management through both stack and balance of plant innovations, culminating in a six month field test of an advanced 180 (nominal)-300 kW (transient) PEM electrolyser. The electrolyser developed will implement an advanced BoP (power tracking electronics, high efficiency AC/DC converters, high temperature ion exchange cartridges, advanced safety integrated system, new control logic) and improved stack design and components (injection moulded components, flow-field free bipolar plates, Aquivion membranes, core-shell/solid solution electrocatalysts). Several strategies are applied to lower the overall cost, thus enabling widespread utilisation of the technology. These primarily concern a three-fold increase in current density (resulting in the proportional decrease in capital costs) whilst maintaining cutting edge efficiency, a material use minimisation approach in terms of reduced membrane thickness whilst keeping the gas cross-over low, and reducing the precious metal loading. Further, improving the stack lifetime to 10 years and a reduction of the system complexity without compromising safety or operability. All these solutions contribute significantly to reducing the electrolyser CAPEX and OPEX costs. HPEM2GAS develops key technologies from TRL4 to TRL6, demonstrating them in a 180-300 kW PEM electrolyser system in a power-to-gas field test; delivers a techno-economic analysis and an exploitation plan to bring the innovations to market. The consortium comprises a system integrator, suppliers of membranes, catalysts and MEAs, a stack developer, an independent expert on standardization and an end-user.

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