Danielle Galiani P.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro |
Antonio Malmonge J.,São Paulo State University |
Guenther Soares B.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro |
Henrique Capparelli Mattoso L.,Embrapa Agricultural Instrumentation CNPDIA
Plastics, Rubber and Composites | Year: 2013
Thermal-oxidative degradation behaviours of raw natural rubber (NR) have been investigated by using thermogravimetry analysis in inert and oxidative atmospheres and the plasticity retention index (PRI). The activation energy E a, was calculated using Horowitz-Metzger and Coats-Redfern methods and compared with PRI. The E a values obtained by each method were in good agreement with each other. The June samples are the least stable rubbers among the studied ones, whereas February samples exhibited the highest values of activation energy, therefore in agreement with the PRI behaviour, which indicates that the thermo-oxidative stability of the June samples are the poorest during the thermo-oxidative degradation reaction. Natural rubber is a product of biological origin, and thus these variations in the values of thermal behaviour and PRI might be related to the genetic differences and alterations of climatic conditions that act directly on the synthesis of non-rubber constituents, which are generally reflected in latex and rubber properties. © 2013 Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining.
Galiani P.D.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro |
Martins M.A.,Embrapa Agricultural Instrumentation CNPdia |
De Souza Goncalves P.,Agronomy Institute IAC |
McMahan C.M.,U.S. Department of Agriculture |
Capparelli Mattoso L.H.,Embrapa Agricultural Instrumentation CNPdia
Journal of Applied Polymer Science | Year: 2011
This study was undertaken over a 10-month period under environmental conditions within the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, to evaluate the causes of variation in the technological and thermal properties of raw natural rubber (NR) from different clones of Hevea brasiliensis (GT 1, PR 255, FX 3864, and RRIM 600). These clones were chosen to represent good clones available in Brazil. The technological properties of raw NR were evaluated in terms of their dry rubber content (DRC), Wallace plasticity, plasticity retention index (PRI), and Mooney viscosity. The thermal performance was evaluated with the thermogravimetry (TG)/differential thermogravimetry (DTG) technique. There were significant variations (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05) between clones and tappings for all technological properties, except for the percentage DRC among the clones. Of the clones studied, clone PR 255 presented the highest sensitivity to thermooxidation, as measured by its PRI value. The clone type and period of the year did not significantly influence the thermal behavior (TG/DTG under a nitrogen atmosphere) among the four clones evaluated. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.