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Hamburg, Germany

Poulsen C.,EMBL Hamburg Unit
Molecular systems biology | Year: 2010

Mycobacteria use a unique system for covalently modifying proteins based on the conjugation of a small protein, referred to as prokaryotic ubiquitin-like protein (PUP). In this study, we report a proteome-wide analysis of endogenous pupylation targets in the model organism Mycobacterium smegmatis. On affinity capture, a total of 243 candidate pupylation targets were identified by two complementary proteomics approaches. For 41 of these protein targets, direct evidence for a total of 48 lysine-mediated pupylation acceptor sites was obtained by collision-induced dissociation spectra. For the majority of these pupylation targets (38 of 41), orthologous genes are found in the M. tuberculosis genome. Interestingly, approximately half of these proteins are involved in intermediary metabolism and respiration pathways. A considerable fraction of the remaining targets are involved in lipid metabolism, information pathways, and virulence, detoxification and adaptation. Approximately one-third of the genes encoding these targets are located in seven gene clusters, indicating functional linkages of mycobacterial pupylation targets. A comparison of the pupylome under different cell culture conditions indicates that substrate targeting for pupylation is rather dynamic. Source


Skruzny M.,Cell biology and biophysics unit | Skruzny M.,Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology | Desfosses A.,Cell biology and biophysics unit | Desfosses A.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit | And 17 more authors.
Developmental Cell | Year: 2015

Clathrin-mediated endocytosis, the main trafficking route from the plasma membrane to the cytoplasm, is critical to many fundamental cellular processes. Clathrin, coupled to the membrane by adaptor proteins, is thought to play a major structural role in endocytosis by self-assembling into a cage-like lattice around the forming vesicle. Although clathrin adaptors are essential for endocytosis, little is known about their structural role in this process. Here we show that the membrane-binding domains of two conserved clathrin adaptors, Sla2 and Ent1, co-assemble in a PI(4,5)P2-dependent manner to form organized lattices on membranes. We determined the structure of the co-assembled lattice by electron cryo-microscopy and designed mutations that specifically impair the lattice formation invitro. We show that these mutations block endocytosis invivo. We suggest that clathrin adaptors not only link the polymerized clathrin to the membrane but also form an oligomeric structure, which is essential for membrane remodeling during endocytosis. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

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