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Bauer S.,State University of New York at Buffalo | Elsaesser L.-J.,Elsaesser Consulting Inc. | Scherer M.,Matching Person Technology | Sax C.,University of San Diego | Arthanat S.,University of New Hampshire
Technology and Disability | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: The Assistive Technology Service Method (ATSM) is an innovative evidence-based process standard to support the provision of person centered, evidence-based, and interdisciplinary assistive technology services. OBJECTIVE: This paper defines challenges with adoption of innovative practices and discusses strategies to diffuse the ATSM for training, education, and gathering knowledge. METHOD: Important central components for the diffusion of innovations are reviewed to include strategies for transferring the evidence into practice and other outcomes of the process. RESULTS: This paper discusses key issues and challenges to professional practice for assistive technology services, presents data on the current state of practice, and delivers strategies to promote innovative interventions and techniques. CONCLUSION: Strategies to implement the adoption of an interdisciplinary service delivery method must consider provider knowledge and awareness of need with development of tools for effective use of the innovation. © 2014 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

Elsaesser L.,Elsaesser Consulting Inc. | Bauer S.,State University of New York at Buffalo | Scherer M.,Institute for Matching Person and Technology
Assistive Technology Research Series | Year: 2011

Objective. This paper presents the assistive technology service method (ATSM), an evidence-based framework based in part on the WHO's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), to improve international assistive technology services. Introduction of the Assistive Technology Device Classification (ATDC) into this method provides a connection between devices and function. The Matching Person and Technology (MPT) model demonstrates the impact of contextual factors on achieving satisfaction with and benefit from these services. The ATSM, ATDC and the MPT support the principles of Design for All (DfA) as the most effective and efficient approach for advancing the independence of all people regardless of their age, size or abilities. Main content. It is recognized that assistive technology (AT) benefits individuals with disabilities and that DfA principles move beyond accommodation to inclusion of all people throughout their lifespan and in all contexts. What remains poorly defined is (a) how services to access these applications will be provided, (b) the connection between AT, design principles and functioning; (c) the impact of contextual factors on achieving satisfactory outcomes and (d) the responsibility for use of DfA principles to develop products and provide services. Results. The ATSM, the ATDC and the MPT model embody DfA principles through translation of research into evidence-based practice that benefits all AT stakeholders. The ATSM uses the language of the ICF to establish a cross-disability, interdisciplinary, trans-environmental framework to facili communication for AT practice and education. The ATDC provides a unique connection between AT devices and function as delineated in the ICF. The MPT measures assess the match between technology users and their AT in order to identify training needs, barriers to use, and the desirability of additional supports. Conclusion. The ATSM, ATDC and MPT uphold DfA principles as central to assistive technology services. Implementation of these methods to improve the quality of services will advance access to the products that promote the independence of individuals with disabilities and the people who support them. © 2011 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved.

Elsaesser L.-J.,Elsaesser Consulting Inc. | Bauer S.M.,State University of New York at Buffalo
Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology | Year: 2011

Purpose. This article develops a standardised method for assistive technology service (ATS) provision and a logical basis for research to improve health care quality. The method is 'interoperable'across disabilities, disciplines, assistive technology devices and ATSs. Background. Absence of a standardised and interoperable method for ATS provision results in ineffective communication between providers, manufacturers, researchers, policy-makers and individuals with disabilities (IWD), a fragmented service delivery system, inefficient resource allocation and sub-optimal outcomes. Objectives. Synthesise a standardised, interoperable AT service method (ATSM) fully consistent with key guidelines, systems, models and Federal legislation. Express the ATSM using common and unambiguous language. Results. Guidelines, systems, models and Federal legislation relevant to ATS provision are reviewed. These include the RESNA Guidelines for Knowledge and Skills for Provision of Assistive Technology Products and Services (RESNA Guidelines), IMPACT2 model, international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF) and AT device classification (ATDC). Federal legislation includes the Assistive Technology Act of 2004, Americans with Disabilities Act of 2008 and Social Security Act. Based on these findings, the ATSM is synthesised and translated into common and accessible language. Conclusion. ATSM usage will improve communication between stakeholders, service delivery coherence, resource allocation and intervention outcomes. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.

Bauer S.M.,State University of New York at Buffalo | Elsaesser L.-J.,Elsaesser Consulting Inc. | Arthanat S.,University of New Hampshire
Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology | Year: 2011

Purpose. To develop an assistive technology device classification (ATDC) consistent with the Assistive Technology Act (ATA2004), Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA2008), International Classification System of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision-Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) and American Medical Association's Current Procedural Terminology (CPT). Background. Current assistive technology device (ATD) classifications include: the National Classification System for Assistive Technology Devices and ATSs (RTI/NCS) published in 2000; ISO 9999: technical aids for persons with disabilities - classification and terminology (ISO 9999) published in 1992, 1998, 2002 and 2007 and ICF-based AT classification (ICF/AT2007) published in 2009. Objectives. To derive 'requirements' for ATD classification from the ATA2004, ADA2008, ICF, ICD-9-CM and CPT. Review the ATD classifications and online databases against requirements. Construct the ATDC to be consistent with all requirements and demonstrate with examples. Results. Existing ATD classifications and online databases are inconsistent with requirements. The ATDC is consistent and has inclusion and exclusion criteria, classification rules, employs ICF coding, extendable hierarchy and language and uses standard device naming conventions. Conclusion. The ATDC has broad application to: provision of AT ATSs (ATSs), characterisation and analysis of AT industries, Federally sponsored research pertaining to AT development and commercialisation, and Federal health insurance scope of benefits. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.

Bauer S.,State University of New York at Buffalo | Elsaesser L.-J.,Elsaesser Consulting Inc.
Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology | Year: 2012

Introduction: ISO26000:2010 International Guidance Standard on Organizational Social Responsibility requires that effective organizational performance recognize social responsibility, including the rights of persons with disabilities (PWD), engage stakeholders and contribute to sustainable development. Millennium Development Goals 2010 notes that the most vulnerable people require special attention, while the World Report on Disability 2011 identifies improved data collection and removal of barriers to rehabilitation as the means to empower PWD. Background: The Assistive Technology Device Classification (ATDC), Assistive Technology Service Method (ATSM) and Matching Person and Technology models provide an evidence-based, standardized, internationally comparable framework to improve data collection and rehabilitation interventions. The ATDC and ATSM encompass and support universal design (UD) principles, and use the language and concepts of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Purpose: Use ATDC and ICF concepts to differentiate medical, assistive and UD products and technology; relate technology "types" to markets and costs; and support provision of UD products and technologies as sustainable and socially responsible behavior. Conclusion: Supply-side and demand-side incentives are suggested to foster private sector development and commercialization of UD products and technologies. Health and health-related professionals should be knowledgeable of UD principles and interventions. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.

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