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Elmira, NY, United States

Elmira College is a coeducational private liberal arts college located in Elmira, in the U.S. state of New York's Southern Tier region.The college is noted as the oldest college still in existence which granted degrees to women that were the equivalent of those given to men . Elmira College became coeducational in all of its programs in 1969.The college, founded in 1855, has an enrollment of about 1200 students. The school's colors, purple and gold, are seen throughout the traditional campus, consisting mainly of ivy-covered buildings of the Victorian and Collegiate Gothic architectural styles. The colors purple and gold come from both the banners of the women's suffrage movement and the iris, the college flower.Offered are about thirty-five major areas of study, each ultimately leading to either a B.S. or B.A. degree upon a successful completion of undergraduate studies.Students attend two full terms in the fall and winter and then enroll in a 6-week, intensive "Term III" in the spring. This gives students a unique opportunity to study abroad, intern, or take classes not related to their majors so as to enrich the educational experience.Elmira College has an extensive Mark Twain archive and is one of the only two centers for Mark Twain Studies in the world. A quaint study of his is located on campus. In it, the author wrote many of his most widely read novels: Life on the Mississippi, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Every four years the college perpetuates his legacy by hosting an international conference on the State of Mark Twain Studies. Wikipedia.

Seigers D.K.,Syracuse University | Terry C.P.,Elmira College
Addiction Research and Theory | Year: 2011

Introduction: Previous research has suggested that college smokers and nonsmokers have differing perceptions of smoking risk. However, this research has not compared subgroups of college smokers, including never smokers, experimenters, "deniers" (i.e., students who smoke but do not identify as smokers), and self-identified smokers. To better understand perceived risk among these subgroups, the goals of the following study were to examine perceptions of risk within a sample of deniers, and determine whether perceived risk predicts intention to smoke. Method: Data were from a larger online survey assessing smoking behavior among 1904 students at a large Northeastern university. Participants answered questions about their perceptions of risk associated with various smoking behaviors and their expectations about their future smoking behavior. Results: Consistent with previous research, smokers and nonsmokers differed in their perception of short-term smoking risk. Deniers were only half as likely as self-identified smokers to believe a weekend smoker should be considered a "regular smoker," and most students did not believe that their smoking would increase over the next 4 years. Deniers were less likely than self-identified smokers to believe they would smoke in the next 30 days. Discussion: These findings suggest that deniers represent an additional subgroup of college smokers who discount the risks of smoking. Furthermore, consideration of smoking subgroup may be warranted when delivering anti-tobacco messages designed to target risk perceptions. © 2011 Informa UK Ltd. Source

Terry C.P.,Elmira College | Terry D.L.,Syracuse University
Addiction Research and Theory | Year: 2012

Introduction: Research suggests that over half of the college students who have smoked within the past 30 days deny being smokers ("deniers"). Furthermore, college students overestimate injunctive and descriptive norms of peer drug use. The purposes of this study were to (a) estimate the prevalence of deniers and students who identify as smokers within a college sample, (b) determine whether students overestimate descriptive and injunctive norms related to cigarette use by peers, and (c) determine whether the degree of exaggeration differs according to smoking status. Method: Participants included 1904 students (1824 years) from a Northeastern private university who were primarily female (59), Caucasian (70), and first-year students (59). Students completed an online questionnaire that asked for reports of current smoking behavior and attitudes, as well as estimates of other students' behaviors and attitudes. Results: Results indicated that students significantly overestimated the percentage of peers who had ever smoked, smoked within the past 30 days, and smoked on 20 or more days within the past month. Additionally, estimates differed by smoking status, as did students' perceptions of their peers' attitudes regarding the acceptability of smoking in college. Discussion: These findings suggest that college students believe their peers smoke more and are more approving of smoking than oneself. Students who denied being a smoker despite current smoking behavior strongly overestimated smoking rates and believed peers were even more accepting of smoking. These exaggerations may result in increased smoking behavior, and future interventions might target normative assumptions while considering one's smoking status. © 2012 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted. Source

Smith B.A.,Princeton University | Smith B.A.,Elmira College | Mularz A.E.,Princeton University | Hecht M.H.,Princeton University
Protein Science | Year: 2015

Primordial proteins, the evolutionary ancestors of modern sequences, are presumed to have been minimally active and nonspecific. Following eons of selective pressure, these early progenitors evolved into highly active and specific proteins. While evolutionary trajectories from poorly active and multifunctional generalists toward highly active specialists likely occurred many times in evolutionary history, such pathways are difficult to reconstruct in natural systems, where primordial sequences are lost to time. To test the hypothesis that selection for enhanced activity leads to a loss of promiscuity, we evolved a de novo designed bifunctional protein. The parental protein, denoted Syn-IF, was chosen from a library of binary patterned 4-helix bundles. Syn-IF was shown previously to rescue two different auxotrophic strains of E. coli: ΔilvA and Δfes. These two strains contain deletions for proteins with very different biochemical functions; IlvA is involved in isoleucine biosynthesis, while Fes is involved in iron assimilation. In two separate experiments, Syn-IF, was evolved for faster rescue of either ΔilvA or Δfes. Following multiple rounds of mutagenesis, two new proteins were selected, each capable of rescuing the selected function significantly faster than the parental protein. In each case, the evolved protein also lost the ability to rescue the unselected function. In both evolutionary trajectories, the original bifunctional generalist was evolved into a monofunctional specialist with enhanced activity. © 2014 The Protein Society. Source

Terry C.P.,Elmira College | Sliwinski M.J.,Pennsylvania State University
Experimental Aging Research | Year: 2012

Background/Study Context: Task switching research typically emphasizes two robust shifting effects between competing tasks: mixing costs (MCs), which indicate less efficient performance in mixed-task versus single-task conditions, and switch costs (SCs), which reflect differences between switch trials and repetition trials within mixed-task conditions. The current study examined age-related MC and SC influenced by the method of task selection in two procedures. Methods: Twenty-six young adults, 18 to 21 years of age (M=18.4, SD=1.1), and 25 older adults, 74 to 87 years of age (M=80.3, SD=5.4), participated as part of the Cognition, Health, and Aging Project (CHAP). Younger and older adults performed cued and voluntary task switching, requiring a random sequence of task changes, placing demands on externally versus internally directed processes. Results: Results indicated that SCs were not disproportionately larger for older adults during an exogenous switching condition, but large age differences in MCs were present beyond the degree predicted by differences in baseline speed. In an endogenous switching condition, small age differences were present both for MCs and SCs, although further age differences were evident in older adults reduced switch rates. Conclusion: These findings suggest that older adults are substantially slower at updating repeated task sets during exogenous switching, but partially counter these effects by adopting a more persistent within-set mode of processing during endogenous switching. © 2012 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Bizub A.L.,Elmira College
Community Mental Health Journal | Year: 2013

Recovery from mental illness is a complex journey that is greatly facilitated when client and professional helper collaborate in the decision making process. It is further aided when the latter has an empathetic awareness of the client's experience, especially with regard to the impact of pharmacological treatment. The following article describes one psychologist's experience of being prescribed medication during a period of acute illness. Analysis of this experience is via a narrative, phenomenological approach. Results suggest that even when taken as directed, a medication can augment one's subjective feeling of illness. It further shows how challenging it can be for the ailing individual to assert his or her needs for something other than hospitalization. Although only one case is analyzed, it points to the impact that medication may have on the life of a person with mental illness, reinforcing the importance of collaboration and empathetic understanding of the other's experience. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

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