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Tilburg, Netherlands

Hovelius L.,Umea University | Vikerfors O.,Vasteras Hospital | Olofsson A.,Gavle Hospital | Svensson O.,Umea University | Rahme H.,Elisabeth Hospital
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery | Year: 2011

Background: In 2 Swedish hospitals, 88 consecutive shoulders underwent Bankart repair (B), and 97 consecutive shoulders underwent Bristow-Latarjet repair (B-L) for traumatic anterior recurrent instability. Materials and methods: Mean age at surgery was 28 years (B-L group) and 27 years (B group). All shoulders had a follow-up by letter or telephone after a mean of 17 years (range, 13-22 years). The patients answered a questionnaire and completed the Western Ontario Shoulder Index (WOSI), Disability of Arm Shoulder and Hand (DASH), and SSV (Simple Shoulder Value) assessments. Results: Recurrance resulted revision surgery in 1 shoulder in the B-L group and in 5 shoulders in the B group (P = .08). Redislocation or subluxation after the index operation occurred in 13 of 97 B-L shoulders and in 25 of 87 of B shoulders (after excluding 1 patient with arthroplasty because of arthropathy, P = .017) Of the 96 Bristow shoulders, 94 patients were very satisfied/satisfied compared with 71 of 80 in the B series (P = .01). Mean WOSI score was 88 for B-L shoulders and 79 for B shoulders (P = .002) B-L shoulders also scored better on the DASH (P = .002) and SSV (P = .007). Patients had 11° loss of subjectively measured outward rotation with the arm at the side after B-L repair compared with 19° after Bankart (P = .012). The original Bankart, with tunnels through the glenoid rim, had less redislocation(s) or subluxation(s) than shoulders done with anchors (P = .048). Conclusions: Results were better after the Bristow-Latarjet repair than after Bankart repairs done with anchors with respect to postoperative stability and subjective evaluation. Shoulders with original Bankart repair also seemed to be more stable than shoulders repaired with anchors. © 2011 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Source

Dubbelman Y.,Elisabeth Hospital | Groen J.,Erasmus Medical Center | Wildhagen M.,Erasmus Medical Center | Rikken B.,IJsselland Hospital | Bosch R.,University Utrecht
BJU International | Year: 2010

Study Type - Therapy (RCT) Level of Evidence 1b Objective: To compare the effect on the recovery of incontinence after retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) of intensive physiotherapist-guided pelvic floor muscle exercises (PG-PFME) in addition to an information folder, with PFME explained to patients by an information folder only (F-PFME), and to determine independent predictors of failure to regain continence after RRP. Patients and Methods: We postulated that a 10% increase in the proportion of men who regained continence at 6 months with PG-PFME compared with men treated with F-PFME only would constitute a clinically relevant effect. To show statistical significance of this difference with a power of 80%, 96 men should be randomized to each of the two arms. One day before operation, all patients received verbal instruction and an information folder on PFME. Patients randomized to the F-PFME arm received no further physiotherapist guidance, whereas those in the PG-PFME arm received a maximum of nine sessions with the physiotherapist. The men underwent a 1-h pad-test at 1, 12 and 26 weeks, and a 24-h pad-test at 1, 4, 8, 12 and 26 weeks after catheter removal. We defined 'continence' as urine loss of <1 g at the 1-h and <4 g at the 24-h pad-test. Results: During the 2-year recruitment period, the number of patients randomized fell short of the target determined by the sample size calculation, because of limitations of resources and unexpected changes in treatment preferences. Despite this, we analysed the data. Of the 82 randomized patients, 70 completed the study. Of these, 34 and 36 men had been assigned to the PG-PFME and the F-PFME group, respectively. At 6 months after RRP, 10 (30%) and nine (27%) men were completely dry on both the 1-h and 24-h pad-test in the PG-PFME and the F-PFME group, respectively (difference not significant). In a multivariate analysis the amount of urine loss at 1 week after catheter removal seemed to be an independent prognostic factor for failure to regain continence. CONCLUSION PG-PFME seems to have no beneficial effect on the recovery of continence within the first 6 months after RRP, over an instruction folder-guided approach. However, due to under-powering there is a high risk of type II error. Nevertheless, these findings add to the knowledge base for availability in meta-analyses and can serve as a starting point for the design of new randomized studies. Journal Compilation © 2009 BJU International. Source

Van't Sant H.P.,Ikazia Hospital | Weidema W.F.,Ikazia Hospital | Hop W.C.J.,Erasmus Medical Center | Oostvogel H.J.M.,Elisabeth Hospital | Contant C.M.E.,Maasstad Hospital
Annals of Surgery | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the effects of mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) on anastomosis below the peritoneal verge and questions the influence of MBP on anastomotic leakage in combination with a diverting ileostomy in lower colorectal surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: In a previous large multicenter randomized controlled trial MBP has shown to have no influence on the incidence of anastomotic leakage in overall colorectal surgery. The role of MBP in lower colorectal surgery with or without a diverting ileostomy remains unclear. METHODS: This study is a subgroup analysis of a prior multicenter (13 hospitals) randomized trial comparing clinical outcome of MBP versus no MBP. Primary end point was the occurrence of anastomotic leakage and secondary endpoints were septic complications and mortality. RESULTS: Total of 449 Patients underwent a low anterior resection with a primary anastomosis below the peritoneal verge. The incidence of anastomotic leakage was 7.6% for patients who received MBP and 6.6% for patients who did not. Significant risk factors for anastomotic leakage were the American Society of Anesthesiologists-classification (P = 0.005) and male gender (P = 0.007). Of total, 48 patients received a diverting ileostomy during initial surgery; 27 patients received MBP and 21 patients did not. There were no significant differences regarding septic complications and mortality between both groups. CONCLUSION: MBP has no influence on the incidence of anastomotic leakage in low colorectal surgery. Furthermore, omitting MBP in combination with a diverting ileostomy has no influence on the incidence of anastomotic leakage, septic complications, and mortality rate. Copyright © 2009 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Gordins V.,Frolunda Specialist Hospital | Hovelius L.,Gavle Hospital | Sandstrom B.,Gavle Hospital | Rahme H.,Elisabeth Hospital | Bergstrom U.,Umea University
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery | Year: 2015

Background: Transfer of the coracoid (Bristow-Latarjet [B-L]) is used to stabilize anterior shoulder instability. We report the long-term results of our first 31 operations with this method. Materials and methods: Thirty-six patients (mean age, 26.7years) had a B-L repair from 1977 to 1979. Five patients died, and during 2012 to 2013, the remaining 31 shoulders had a follow-up with questionnaire, physical examination, Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index, Subjective Shoulder Value, Subjective Assessment of Shoulder Function, subjective assessment of loss of motion, and radiologic imaging. Results: One patient required revision surgery because of recurrence and another because of repeat dislocation. Six patients reported subluxations. Eighteen patients (58%) were very satisfied, and 13 (42%) were satisfied. The mean Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index score (100 possible) was 85, and the median score was 93. According to Samilson-Prieto classification of arthropathy of the shoulder, 39% were classified as normal, 27% as mild, 23% as moderate, and 11% as severe. The classification of arthropathy varied with observers and radiologic views. Age younger than 22years at the primary dislocation meant less arthropathy at follow-up (. P=.045). Conclusion: The degree of arthropathy 33 to 35years after the B-L repair seems to follow the natural history of shoulder dislocation with respect to arthropathic joint degeneration. Postoperative restriction of external rotation does not increase later arthropathy. © 2015 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Source

Hovelius L.,Umea University | Sandstrom B.,Gavle Hospital | Olofsson A.,Gavle Hospital | Svensson O.,Umea University | Rahme H.,Elisabeth Hospital
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery | Year: 2012

Background: We evaluated the results of the May modification of the Bristow-Latarjet procedure (" coracoid in standing position" ) in 319 shoulders with respect to (1) coracoid healing and position and (2) surgical treatment of the joint capsule. Methods: From 1980 until 2004, all shoulders with a Bristow-Latarjet repair were registered at our hospital. This study consists of 3 different cohorts with respect to follow-up. Series 1, 118 shoulders operated on during 1980 through 1985, had 15 years' radiographic and clinical follow-up. Series 2, 167 shoulders that had surgery during 1986 through 1999, underwent retrospective follow-up by a questionnaire and scores-Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index; Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand; and Subjective Shoulder Value-after 10 to 23 years. Series 3, 34 shoulders treated during 2000 through 2004, with an added modified Bankart repair (" capsulopexy" ) in 33 shoulders, were prospectively followed up for 5 to 8 years with the same questionnaire and scores as series 2. Results: Of 319 shoulders, 16 (5%) had 1 or more redislocations and 3 of these (1%) had revision surgery because of remaining instability. One or more subluxations were reported in 41 shoulders (13%). The worst scores were found in 16 shoulders with 2 or more subluxations (P < .001). Radiographs showed bony healing in 246 of 297 shoulders (83%), fibrous union in 34 (13%), migration by 0.5 cm or more in 14 (5%), and no visualization in 3 (1%). Five of six shoulders that had the transplant positioned 1 cm or more medial to the glenoid rim had redislocations (83%, P = .001). Shoulders with migrated transplants did not differ from those with bony or fibrous healing with respect to redislocations and subluxations. When just a horizontal capsular shift was added to the transfer, the recurrence rate (redislocations or subluxations) decreased, with 2 of 53 (4%)compared with 37 of 208 (18%) with just anatomic closure of the capsule (P = .005), and the Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index score improved (92 vs 85.6, P = .048). In total, for 307 of 319 shoulders (96%), patients were satisfied or very satisfied at final follow-up. Conclusion: The open Bristow-Latarjet procedure yields good and consistent results, with bony fusion of the coracoid in 83%. A position of the coracoid 1 cm or more medial to the rim meant significantly more recurrences. The rate of recurrences decreased and subjective results improved when a horizontal capsular shift was added to the coracoid transfer. © 2012 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Source

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