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News Article | September 21, 2017
Site: www.prnewswire.com

MASTERBATCH MCP-6474 A GLOBAL STRATEGIC BUSINESS REPORT CONTENTS  I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONS Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations Disclaimers Data Interpretation & Reporting Level Quantitative Techniques & Analytics Product Definitions and Scope of Study  II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW Masterbatch: An Integral Color Imparting Component Current and Future Analysis Packaging: The Largest End-Use Market for Masterbatch Color Masterbatches Continue to Lead Masterbatch Market, Additive Masterbatches Promise High Growth Table 1: Global Masterbatch Market (2017E): Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales by Product Type - Additive Masterbatch, Black Masterbatch, Color Masterbatch, and White Masterbatch (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Color Masterbatch: Enhancing Aesthetic Appeal and Functionality of Plastics Additive Masterbatch Market - High Growth in Store Rising Demand for Plastic Products Surges Demand for Masterbatch Table 2: Global Per Capita Consumption of Plastic Products by Select Country/Region for 2016 (in Kg per Person) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 3: Global Plastics Production (2011-2016) (In Million Tonnes) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 4: Worldwide Plastics Production (2016): Percentage Breakdown of Production Volume by Country/Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Reshoring of Plastic Production to Developed Markets to Fuel Masterbatch Demand Developing Economies Present Positive Outlook for Masterbatch Market Material Shortages and Price Increases Are Already Evident Competitive Landscape 2. NOTEWORTHY TRENDS & ISSUES Improvement in Global GDP Performance Bodes Well for the Market Table 5: World Real GDP Growth Rates (%) by Country/Region (2016-2018) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Innovation to Kindle Market Growth Carbon Black Masterbatches for Polymers Clariant Develops PV Fast Yellow H4G YInMn Blue - A Vibrant Blue Pigment Cooling Masterbatch for Greenhouse Film Applications Test Specimen to Gain Perspective on Masterbatch Prior to Full-Scale Production Helian and Eastman Chemical Produce Styrene-Free and Low-Odor Polymer for 3D Market TenasiTech Developing High-Functioning Additives Graphene: The Latest Find in Masterbatches Market Masterbatch from Recycled Tape - A New Technique Increasing Demand for Recycled Resins Overcoming Challenge Posed by Black Pigmentation of Recycled Resins G3 Range Colorants from Carolina Customized Masterbatches from STEER Black Masterbatches White Masterbatches Colored Masterbatches Evolving Plastic Packaging Market Fuels Demand for Sophisticated Masterbatches Green Trend Makes Waves in Plastic Packaging Growing Focus on Lightweight Vehicles Spurs Demand for Masterbatch Table 6: World Production of Passenger Cars (2015 & 20120): Breakdown of Production Figures in Thousand Units by Geographic Region/Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 7: World Production of Commercial Vehicles (2015 & 2020) - Breakdown of Production Figures in Thousand Units by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Growing Demand for Masterbatch in Building & Construction Market Table 8: World Construction Output (in US$ Trillion) for the Years 2010, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Masterbatches in Medical Devices: Facilitating Economical Production Plastic Use in Consumer Electronics Industry Drives Demand for Masterbatch Search for High Quality Masterbatch Carrier Polymers Continues Bio-Compatible Masterbatch: A Market to Mine Biodegradable Polymers: Opportunities in Store for Bio- Masterbatches Table 9: World Market for Biodegradable Polymers - Annual Consumption in Billion Pounds for the Years 2016, 2018 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Nanotechnology to Play Key Role in Masterbatch Market Silver-Based Anti-Microbial Masterbatches Gain Popularity Optimizing Pigment Dispersion and Mixing Characteristics through Twin Screw Extruders Factors Affecting the Formulations & Cost of Masterbatches Growing Use of Flame Retardant Masterbatches 3. PRODUCT/END-USE OVERVIEW Definition Advantages of Masterbatch Over Other Coloring Compounds Manufacturing Process Classification by Type White Masterbatches Black Masterbatches Color Masterbatches Additive Masterbatches Classification by End-Use Automotive Construction Packaging Other End-Use Segments Consumer Goods and Electronic Appliances Fiber Applications Sports and Leisure Applications 4. PRODUCT INNOVATIONS/INTRODUCTIONS VELOX Introduces Flame Retardant Masterbatches Foster Introduces Combat™ Antimicrobial Masterbatches Sukano and Total Corbion Launch PLA Masterbatch Line A. Schulman Introduces Polybatch® Easypour Masterbatches Dow Corning Unveils Dow Corning® MB25-502 Masterbatch Vertellus Launches Three ZeMac® Masterbatches Kafrit Introduces Halogen-Free Masterbatch Products Modern Dispersions Introduces Blue-Tone Carbon Black Masterbatches Dow Corning Unveils Dow Corning® MB25-035 Masterbatch Cabot Expands Universal Masterbatch Products Range Clariant Launches New Liquid Additive Masterbatch Gabriel-Chemie Introduces Color Masterbatches for ABS and PLA Filaments 5. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY Gabriel-Chemie to Construction Masterbatch Plant in Russia Ampacet Establishes Masterbatch Production Facility in Australia Clariant Expands CESA-Nucleant Masterbatches for Clear PP Applications A. Schulman Expands Color Masterbatch Capacity in Europe Luxus Takes Over Colour Tone Masterbatch Ampacet Invests in Masterbatch Production Line in Belgium and Luxembourg PolyOne Takes Over Silcotec Granula and Som Shiva Impex Enter into JV for Masterbatches Haydale and Huntsman Enter into Joint Development Agreement Clariant Expands Engineering and High-Temp Resin Processing Facilities Clariant Expands Portfolio of Color Masterbatches for Engineering Resins A. Schulman and Snetor Chimie Forge Strategic Partnership for Africa Cable Tapes and EOX Masterbatches Enter into Partnership ORKILA to Distribute AMPACET's Masterbatch Products Clariant to Invest in Expanding Capacity of Color and Additive Masterbatches Clariant Establishes New Masterbatch Unit in Saudi Arabia Gabriel-Chemie Acquires TE.MA. BASF to Divest Magenta Master Fibers RTP Takes Over Polymer Partners Hubron Enters into Distribution Agreement with GME 6. FOCUS ON SELECT PLAYERS A. Schulman, Inc. (USA) Americhem, Inc. (USA) Ampacet Corporation (USA) BASF SE (Germany) Cabot Corporation (USA) Clariant International Ltd (Switzerland) Colortech, Inc. (Canada) Dainichiseika Color & Chemicals Mfg. Co., Ltd (Japan) DIC Corporation (Japan) Dongguan JinZhen Plastic Masterbatch Co., LTD (China) Dow Corning Corporation (USA) Multibase SA (France) GABRIEL-CHEMIE Gesellschaft m.b.H. (Austria) Hubron (International) Ltd (UK) Ingenia Polymers Corporation (Canada) Italmaster Belgium NV (Belgium) PolyOne Corporation (USA) Plastika Kritis S.A. (Greece) Polyplast Muller Group (Germany) RTP Company (USA) TABB Packaging Solutions, LLC (USA) Teknor Apex Company (USA) The Ravago Group (Belgium) 7. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE Dollar Analytics Table 10: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 11: World Historic Review for Masterbatch by Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 12: World 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by Geographic Region/ Country - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 13: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch in Automotive Sector by Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 14: World Historic Review for Masterbatch in Automotive Sector by Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 15: World 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch in Automotive Sector by Geographic Region/Country - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 16: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch in Packaging Sector by Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 17: World Historic Review for Masterbatch in Packaging Sector by Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 18: World 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch in Packaging Sector by Geographic Region/Country - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 19: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch in Construction Sector by Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 20: World Historic Review for Masterbatch in Construction Sector by Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 21: World 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch in Construction Sector by Geographic Region/Country - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 22: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch in Other Sectors by Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 23: World Historic Review for Masterbatch in Other Sectors by Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 24: World 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch in Other Sectors by Geographic Region/Country - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 25: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 26: World Historic Review for Masterbatch by Geographic Region/Country - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 27: World 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by Geographic Region/Country - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Latin America and Rest of World Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 28: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by Product Type - White, Black, Additive, and Color Masterbatches Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 29: World Historic Review for Masterbatch by Product Type - White, Black, Additive, and Color Masterbatches Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 30: World 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by Product Type - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for White, Black, Additive, and Color Masterbatches Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)  III. MARKET 1. THE UNITED STATES A.Market Analysis Plastic Industry Growth to Augur Well for Masterbatch Market Implementation of Lean Manufacturing Practices Product Launches Strategic Corporate Developments Key Players B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 31: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 32: US Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 33: US 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 34: US Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 35: US Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 2. CANADA A.Market Analysis Outlook Key Players B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 36: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 37: Canadian Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 38: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 39: Canadian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 40: Canadian Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 3. JAPAN A.Market Analysis Market Overview Table 41: Japanese Plastic Market (2016): Percentage Breakdown of Production Volume by Raw Material (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 42: Japanese Plastic Market (2016): Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume by End-Use Segment (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Key Players B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 43: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 44: Japanese Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 45: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 46: Japanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 47: Japanese Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 4. EUROPE A.Market Analysis Market Overview Challenging Conditions Affect Producer Margins Positive Outlook for Plastics Industry: Opportunity for Masterbatch Producers Table 48: Plastics Production in Million Tonnes in Europe for the Years 2011-2016 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 49: European Plastic Market (2016): Percentage Breakdown of Demand (Volume) by Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 50: European Plastics Market (2016): Percentage Breakdown of Demand (Volume) by Polymer Type (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 51: European Plastics Market by End-Use Segment (2016): Percentage Breakdown of Demand (Volume) for Agriculture, Automotive, Building & Construction, Electrical & Electronics, Packaging and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Regulatory Landscape B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 52: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by Country/Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 53: European Historic Review for Masterbatch by Country/Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 54: European 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by Country/Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 55: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 56: European Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 57: European 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 58: European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by Country/Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 59: European Historic Review for Masterbatch by Country/Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 60: European 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by Country/Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 4a. FRANCE A.Market Analysis Outlook Multibase Sa - A Key Player B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 61: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 62: French Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 63: French 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 64: French Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 65: French Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 4b. GERMANY A.Market Analysis Market Overview Table 66: Plastics Market in Germany (2016): Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume by End-Use Segment (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Product Launch Key Players B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 67: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 68: German Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 69: German 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 70: German Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 71: German Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 4c. ITALY A.Market Analysis Outlook Strategic corporate developments B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 72: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 73: Italian Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 74: Italian 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 75: Italian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 76: Italian Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM A.Market Analysis Outlook Table 77: UK Plastic Demand by Application (2016): Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Automotive, Building & Construction, Electrical & Electronics, Packaging and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Strategic Corporate Developments Hubron (International) Ltd - A Key Player B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 78: UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 79: UK Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 80: UK 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 81: UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 82: UK Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 4e. SPAIN A.Market Analysis Outlook B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 83: Spanish Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 84: Spanish Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 85: Spanish 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 86: Spanish Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 87: Spanish Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 4f. RUSSIA A.Market Analysis Outlook Strategic Corporate Development B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 88: Russian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 89: Russian Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 90: Russian 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 91: Russian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 92: Russian Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 4g. REST OF EUROPE A.Market Analysis Outlook Product Launches Strategic Corporate Development Key Players B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 93: Rest of European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 94: Rest of European Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 95: Rest of European 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 96: Rest of European Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 97: Rest of European Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 5. ASIA-PACIFIC A.Market Analysis Market Overview China Leads the Way in Asia-Pacific B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 98: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by Country/Region - China, India, South Korea, Thailand, Taiwan and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 99: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Masterbatch by Country/Region - China, India, South Korea, Thailand, Taiwan and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 100: Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by Country/Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for China, India, South Korea, Thailand, Taiwan and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 101: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 102: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 103: Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 104: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by Country/Region - China, India, South Korea, Thailand, Taiwan and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 105: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Masterbatch by Country/Region - China, India, South Korea, Thailand, Taiwan and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 106: Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by Country/Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for China, India, South Korea, Thailand, Taiwan and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 5a. CHINA A.Market Analysis Market Overview Positive Long-term Outlook for Plastic Industry Bodes Well for Masterbatch Demand Cost Cutting Measures Continue to Persist Multi-Functional Masterbatch Products Come into Focus Growth in Engineering Plastics & Thermoplastic Elastomers: Potential for Masterbatches Modified Masterbatch Market: Gaining Momentum CPCIF Proposes to Classify Color Masterbatches into Plastic Processing Sector Competition Heats Up in Chinese Masterbatch Market Key Players B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 107: Chinese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 108: Chinese Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 109: Chinese 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 110: Chinese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 111: Chinese Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 5b. INDIA A.Market Analysis Outlook Indian Plastic Industry: Positioned for Rapid Growth Favorable Prospects for Masterbatch Market Table 112: Indian Masterbatch Market (2016): Percentage Breakdown of Consumption (Volume) by Product Type (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 113: Indian Masterbatch Market (2016): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales by End-Use Sector (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Producers Focus on Expanding Production Activity Gujarat: The Hub of Masterbatch Production in India Strategic Corporate Development Key Players B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 114: Indian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 115: Indian Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 116: Indian 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 117: Indian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 118: Indian Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 5c. SOUTH KOREA Market Analysis Value Analytics Table 119: South Korean Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 120: South Korean Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 121: South Korean 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 122: South Korean Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 123: South Korean Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 5d. TAIWAN Market Analysis Value Analytics Table 124: Taiwanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 125: Taiwanese Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 126: Taiwanese 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 127: Taiwanese Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 128: Taiwanese Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 5e. THAILAND Market Analysis Value Analytics Table 129: Thailand Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 130: Thailand Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 131: Thailand 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 132: Thailand Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 133: Thailand Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 5f. REST OF ASIA-PACIFIC A.Market Analysis Outlook Strategic Corporate Developments Ngai Hing Hong Company Limited (Hong Kong) - A Key Player B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 134: Rest of Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 135: Rest of Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 136: Rest of Asia-Pacific 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 137: Rest of Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 138: Rest of Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 6. LATIN AMERICA Market Analysis Value Analytics Table 139: Latin American Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by Country/Region - Brazil, Mexico and Rest of Latin America Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 140: Latin American Historic Review for Masterbatch by Country/Region - Brazil, Mexico and Rest of Latin America Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 141: Latin American 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by Country/Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Brazil, Mexico and Rest of Latin America Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 142: Latin American Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 143: Latin American Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 144: Latin American 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 145: Latin American Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by Country/ Region - Brazil, Mexico and Rest of Latin America Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 146: Latin American Historic Review for Masterbatch by Country/Region - Brazil, Mexico and Rest of Latin America Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 147: Latin American 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by Country/Region - Percentage Breakdown of Consumption Volume for Brazil, Mexico and Rest of Latin America Markets for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 6a. BRAZIL A.Market Analysis Outlook Masterbatch Market Positioned to Tap Opportunities in the Recovering Plastics Industry B.Market Analytics Value Analytics Table 148: Brazilian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 149: Brazilian Historic Review for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Thousand for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 150: Brazilian 14-Year Perspective for Masterbatch by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Automotive, Packaging, Construction and Other Segments for Years 2011, 2017 & 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Volume Analytics Table 151: Brazilian Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2016 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) Table 152: Brazilian Historic Review for Masterbatch Analyzed with Annual Consumption Figures in Thousand Tons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)   Please contact our Customer Support Center to get the complete Table of Contents Read the full report: https://www.reportlinker.com/p05112929 About Reportlinker ReportLinker is an award-winning market research solution. Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need - instantly, in one place. https://www.reportlinker.com __________________________ Contact Clare: clare@reportlinker.com US: (339)-368-6001 Intl: +1 339-368-6001


Kabaso D.,University of Ljubljana | Gongadze E.,University of Rostock | Elter P.,Electronic Appliances | van Rienen U.,University of Rostock | And 3 more authors.
Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2011

Previous studies have shown that cellular function depends on rod-like membrane proteins, among them Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs (BAR) proteins may curve the membrane leading to physiologically important membrane invaginations and membrane protrusions. The membrane shaping induced by BAR proteins has a major role in various biological processes such as cell motility and cell growth. Different models of binding of BAR domains to the lipid bilayer are described. The binding includes hydrophobic insertion loops and electrostatic interactions between basic amino acids at the concave region of the BAR domain and negatively charged lipids. To shed light on the elusive binding dynamics, a novel experiment is proposed to expand the technique of single-molecule AFM for the traction of binding energy of a single BAR domain. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.


Staehlke S.,University of Rostock | Koertge A.,Electronic Appliances | Nebe B.,University of Rostock
Biomaterials | Year: 2015

Detailed insights into the complex cellular behavior at the biomaterial interface are crucial for the improvement of implant surfaces with respect to their acceptance and integration. The cells perceive microtopographical features and, in consequence, rearrange their adhesion structures like the actin cytoskeleton and adaptor proteins. But little is known about whether these altered cellular phenotypes have consequences for intracellular calcium signaling and its dynamics. To elucidate if an artificial, geometrical microtopography influences calcium ion (Ca2+) mobilization in osteoblasts, human MG-63 cells were stained with the calcium dye Fluo 3-acetoxymethyl ester and set on defined silicon-titanium (Ti) arrays with regular pillar structures (P5, 5×5×5μm) and compared with planar Ti. To induce an immediate calcium signal, cells were stimulated with adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP). Interestingly, osteoblasts on micropillars expressing a shortened actin cytoskeleton were hampered in their calcium mobilization potential in signal height as well duration. Even the basal level of the intracellular Ca2+ concentration was reduced, which was accompanied by a disturbed fibronectin synthesis. The expression of the voltage-sensitive calcium channels Cav1.2, Cav1.3 (L-type) and Cav3.1, Cav3.2, Cav3.3 (T-type) as well as the signaling proteins phospho-AKT and phospho-GSK3α/β remained unaffected on pillars. The topography-dependent calcium dynamics observed here provide new insights into how topographical cues alter cell functions - via the intracellular Ca2+ signaling. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Koester P.J.,University of Rostock | Tautorat C.,University of Rostock | Beikirch H.,Electronic Appliances | Gimsa J.,University of Rostock | Baumann W.,University of Rostock
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2010

This short communication reports on the innovative method of the local micro-invasive needle electroporation (LOMINE) of single adherent cells. The investigation of cellular reactions in living cell cultures represents a fundamental method, e.g. for drug development and environmental monitoring. Existing classical methods for intracellular measurements using, e.g. patch clamp techniques are time-consuming and complex. Present patch-on-chip systems are limited to the investigation of single cells in suspension. Nevertheless, the most part of the cells of the human body is adherently growing. Therefore, we develop a new chip system for the growth of adherent cells with 64 micro-structured needle electrodes as well as 128 dielectrophoretic electrodes, located within a measuring area of 1mm2. With this analytical chip, the intracellular investigation of electro-chemical changes and processes in adherently growing cells will become possible in the near future. Here, we present first intracellular measurements with this chip system. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.


Elter P.,Electronic Appliances | Lange R.,Electronic Appliances | Beck U.,Electronic Appliances
Langmuir | Year: 2011

Recently, biomaterials research has focused on developing functional implant surfaces with well-defined topographic nanostructures in order to influence protein adsorption and cellular behavior. To enhance our understanding of how proteins interact with such surfaces, we analyze the adsorption of lysozyme on an oppositely charged nanostructure using a computer simulation. We present an algorithm that combines simulated Brownian dynamics with numerical field calculation methods to predict the preferred adsorption sites for arbitrarily shaped substrates. Either proteins can be immobilized at their initial adsorption sites or surface diffusion can be considered. Interactions are analyzed on the basis of Derjaguin-Landau-Verway-Overbeek (DLVO) theory, including electrostatic and London dispersion forces, and numerical solutions are derived using the Poisson-Boltzmann and Hamaker equations. Our calculations show that for a grooved nanostructure (i.e., groove and plateau width 8 nm, height 4 nm), proteins first contact the substrate primarily near convex edges because of better geometric accessibility and increased electric field strengths. Subsequently, molecules migrate by surface diffusion into grooves and concave corners, where short-range dispersion interactions are maximized. In equilibrium, this mechanism leads to an increased surface protein concentration in the grooves, demonstrating that the total amount of protein per surface area can be increased if substrates have concave nanostructures. © 2011 American Chemical Society.


Elter P.,Electronic Appliances | Lange R.,Electronic Appliances | Beck U.,Electronic Appliances
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces | Year: 2012

Atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based force spectroscopy was used to analyze the adsorption of bovine plasma fibronectin on periodically grooved nanostructures (groove/summit width: 90. nm; depth: 120. nm). We present a simple procedure that allowed us to directly compare the local protein density and conformation for the convex summits, the concave grooves and planar reference regions of the substrate. At a bulk fibronectin concentration of 5 μg/ml, the amount of adsorbed protein per surface area was significantly higher in all regions of the nanostructure than on the planar reference, and fibronectin tended to adsorb preferentially in the concave grooves. The increased surface concentration resulted in an additional stabilization of the molecules by protein-protein interactions and a lower degree of denaturized fibronectin in the nanostructured regions. The stabilization was less pronounced in concave regions, indicating that the increased contact area in the grooves counteracted the stabilization by increased protein-substrate interactions and must be compensated for by additional protein-protein interactions. Less favorable sites were occupied at higher bulk fibronectin concentrations (25 μg/ml, 100 μg/ml), and a high degree of native folded fibronectin was observed in both the nanostructured and planar regions. Our results demonstrate that the amount of adsorbed fibronectin per surface area can be increased if a substrate is provided with a topographic nanostructure. Our results also show that the local conformational state of fibronectin is determined by the locally different interplay of protein-protein and protein-substrate interactions. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Gassmann S.,Electronic Appliances | Pagel L.,Electronic Appliances
IECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference) | Year: 2011

A pressure relief valve with excellent properties and feasible in a simple structure is presented here. The structure is flat and is optimized for the usage in the fluidic printed circuit board technology. The here presented pressure relief valve is alike conventional solutions with an orifice closed with a sealing element. As a force generating element permanent magnets are proposed here. This leads to excellent opening and closing behavior, self alignment and to a very simple structure. The here described pressure relief valve works in a range of 300mBar, but a wide range of set pressures can be achieved by the variation of design properties. © 2011 IEEE.


Bechtold T.,Electronic Appliances | Hohlfeld D.,Electronic Appliances
2016 17th International Conference on Thermal, Mechanical and Multi-Physics Simulation and Experiments in Microelectronics and Microsystems, EuroSimE 2016 | Year: 2016

This work presents a general simulation approach for all relevant physical effects in electro-optical circuit boards. Such printed circuit boards integrate electrical components and connections together with optical wave-guides as signal lines for applications in data transmission and sensing. The proposed modelling approach includes a calculation of heat distribution based on convective cooling and the thermally induced mechanical stress. We also present results on mode shapes within straight and uniformly curved waveguides as well as a consideration of ray tracing. © 2016 IEEE.


Novikov A.,Electronic Appliances | Nowottnick M.,Electronic Appliances
Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science | Year: 2012

The properties of nanoscaled layers of pure tin have been studied. The layers were produced by sputtering in different thicknesses between 10 and 100 nm. The surface topography and the influence of process parameters on the sputtering rate were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) methods. To avoid oxidation carbon and silicon nitride protective layers were sputtered in the same process chamber. The function of this coating was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The crystallographic structure of tin layer under silicon nitride was measured directly after sputtering, melting and cooling processes. The crystalline tin film after cooling down and the absence of tin oxide peaks were used as indicators for impermeability of oxygen. For investigation of phase change the method of chip differential calorimetry (DSC) was used. The samples were prepared as standalone samples for reuse of DSC-chips and also sputtered directly on the DSC chip for single use. The prepared samples with one tin layer and multilayer of tin scaled down to 10 nm were investigated with this method. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Trademark
Electronic Appliances | Date: 2015-05-27

Grills cooking appliances; cooling installations for liquids; water sterilizers; friction lighters for igniting gas.

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