Meyer Q.,Electrochemical Innovation Laboratory |
Ronaszegi K.,Electrochemical Innovation Laboratory |
Robinson J.B.,Electrochemical Innovation Laboratory |
Noorkami M.,Electrochemical Innovation Laboratory |
And 8 more authors.
Journal of Power Sources | Year: 2015
Abstract In situ diagnostic techniques provide a means of understanding the internal workings of fuel cells so that improved designs and operating regimes can be identified. Here, for the first time, a combined current density and temperature distributed measurement system is used to generate an electro-thermal performance map of an air-cooled, air-breathing polymer electrolyte fuel cell stack operating in an air/hydrogen cross-flow configuration. Analysis is performed in low- and high-current regimes and a complex relationship between localised current density, temperature and reactant supply is identified that describes the way in which the system enters limiting performance conditions. Spatiotemporal analysis was carried out to characterise transient operations in dead-ended anode/purge mode which revealed extensive current density and temperature gradients. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.